Papers by Author: Bin Zhu

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Authors: Bin Zhu
Abstract: Our developments on ceramic composite conductors have experienced about 15 years from the oxyacid-salts oxide proton-based conductors, non-oxide containment salts, the ceria-based composite electrolytes, hybrid proton and oxygen ion conductors and nano-composites. A special emphasis is paid to new functional nano-composites based on hybrid proton and oxygen ion conductors that have demonstrated advanced properties and fuel cell applications, e.g., excellent ionic conductivity of 0.01 to 1 Scm-1 and performances of 200 - 1000 mWcm-2 for temperatures achieved for fuel cells between 400 and 700°C. Some proton and oxygen ion conducting mechanisms in the materials are reviewed and discussed. The hybrid ion conduction and dual electrode reactions and processes create a new generation fuel cell system.
Authors: Rizwan Raze, Xiao Di Wang, Ying Ma, Yi Zhong Huang, Bin Zhu
Abstract: This work first explores high resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to determine the interfacial regions and provide experimental evidences for interfaces between the SDC and carbonate constituent phases of the SD-carbonate two-phase composites to further investigate the superionic conduction mechanism in the ceria-carbonate composite systems and enhancement of conductivity. Schober first reported interfacial superionic conduction in ceria-based composites but without direct experimental proofs. Such superionic conduction mechanism remains unknown. Especially, in the nano-scale, this region is trifle to be detected.
Authors: Bin Zhu, Xiang Rong Liu, Jun Cai Sun
Authors: Bin Zhu, Fei Hu Zhang, H. Niu
Authors: Jing Di, Ming Ming Chen, Cheng Yang Wang, Jia Ming Zheng, Bin Zhu
Abstract: Composites consisting of Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (SDC)-carbonate were developed as electrolytes for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LTSOFC). The SDC power was prepared by sol-gel method. The carbonates were binary eutectics of (Li/Na)2CO3, (Li/K)2CO3 and (K/Na)2CO3. Conductivity measurements showed that the conductivities were depended on the type of carbonates. Discontinuities were found in the Arrhenius plots for both SDC-(Li/Na)2CO3 and SDC-(Li/K)2CO3. For SDC-(Na/K)2CO3 composite electrolyte, the conductivity increased as temperature rose following one slope. Single cells based on various composites were fabricated by a uniaxial die-press method and tested at 450-600 oC. The results showed all cells exhibited improved performances upon that of pure SDC-based cell. The best power density of 532 mW cm-2 at 600 oC was achieved for LTSOFC using composite of SDC and (Li/Na)2CO3. Conductivity mechanism was also discussed.
Authors: B. Feng, Cheng Yang Wang, Bin Zhu
Abstract: Low temperature (300 to 650 °C) ceramic fuel cells (LTCFCs) were developed by using novel AC-MO-CSC anode material based on activated carbon (AC), transition metal oxides (MO) and ceria-salt composites (CSC). The activated carbon was first used to improve the characters of anode materials, especially to enhance the anode catalytic activity for liquid hydrocarbon fuels, e.g., methanol. The microstructure, conductivity and electrochemical properties of anode materials were investigated as functions of the activated carbon. Using the anode materials, maximum power density of 0.2 W cm-2 was achieved for fuel cells directly operating methanol at 600 °C.
Authors: Bin Zhu, Xiang Rong Liu, Ye Cheng, Mi Lin Zhang
Abstract: The all-ceria-composite ITSOFCs have demonstrated extraordinary fuel cell performances since the ceria-composite electrodes are very catalytic and conductive, and the ceria-composite electrolytes are highly conductive and also electrolytic, in addition to excellent compatibility between the electrolyte and electrodes based on the same ceria-based composite materials. The power density outputs from 200 to 800 mWcm-2, were obtained for temperatures between 400 and 700°C. The maximum power density 0.72 Wcm-2 (1500 mAcm-2) at 600°C and 0.82 Wcm-2 (1800 mAcm-2) at 700°C were achieved, respectively. These highly catalytic electrodes functioned extensively for many different fuels, such as hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuels, e.g., natural gas, coal gas, methanol and ethanol etc. In some special cases, the ITSOFCs with the ceria-composite electrodes could also work at as low as 200°C. All these good performances are based on the novel catalyst function of the ceria-composite electrodes and internal reforming mechanism.
Authors: M.W. Qi, T.S. Shi, S.S. Tan, Bin Zhu, P. Cai, Long Quan Liu, Duan Lin Que, L.B. Li
Authors: Zhi Yao Hou, Xiao Di Wang, Jun Wang, Bin Zhu
Abstract: This paper studied structures of ceria-carbonate two-phase composites, with an emphasis on the interfacial structures and interactions between the two constituent phases of ceria and carbonate. The phase structure was analyzed by DSC, XRD and SEM. The IR measurements were carried out to identify the bonding situations and interfaces. Some new absorptions and wavenumber shifts of the bands appeared in IR spectra. There are strong indications of the interfacial phenomena exist in the two-phase composites through comparison between the two-phase composite with each individual constituent phases. The results opened a new interesting subject on the two-phase composite structures with significant importance for applications in advanced low temperature (300-600°C) SOFC.
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