Papers by Author: Byung Nam Kim

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Authors: Byung Nam Kim, Masanori Watanabe, Manabu Enoki, T. Kishi
1153
Authors: Byung Nam Kim, Keijiro Hiraga, Koji Morita, Hidehiro Yoshida
Abstract: For steady-state deformation caused by grain-boundary diffusion and viscous grain-boundary sliding, the creep rate of regular polyhedral grains is analyzed by the energy-balance method. For the microstructure, the grain-grain interaction increases the degree of symmetry of diffusional field, resulting in a decrease of the effective diffusion distance. Meanwhile, the viscous grain-boundary sliding is found to decrease the creep rate. The present analysis reveals that the grain-size exponent is dependent on the grain size and the grain-boundary viscosity: the exponent becomes unity for small grain sizes and/or high viscosity, while it is three for large grain sizes and/or low viscosity.
565
Authors: Byung Nam Kim, Keijiro Hiraga, Koji Morita, Hidehiro Yoshida
Abstract: When the sliding of the grain boundary containing hexagonal particles is accommodated by grain-boundary diffusion, we evaluate the sliding rate and the stress distribution on the boundary, by taking the particle rotation and the intrinsic boundary viscosity into account. The sliding rate was obtained by the energy-balance method, and the particle-rotation rate by a condition of minimum energy-dissipation. With increasing boundary viscosity, the rotation rate increases and then decreases after a maximum. The sliding rate is enhanced by the particle rotation, and decreases with the boundary viscosity.
305
Authors: Koji Morita, Byung Nam Kim, Hidehiro Yoshida, Keijiro Hiraga
Abstract: The densification mechanism in park-plasma-sintering (SPS) processing was examined in MgAl2O4 spinel. As the relative density ρt increases, that is, as the effective stress σeff decreases, stress exponent n evaluated from effective stress-densification rate relationship continuously varies from n  4 to n  1. TEM observation shows that significant stacking faults caused by partial dislocations are frequently observed in the low ρt region. The results suggest that, for spinel, the predominant densification mechanism in SPS processing changes with ρt from plastic flow by a partial dislocation motion in the low ρt region (n  4) to diffusion-related creep in the high ρt region (n  1).
1986
Authors: Koji Morita, Byung Nam Kim, Hidehiro Yoshida, Keijiro Hiraga, Yoshio Sakka
Abstract: The densification mechanism during the park-plasma-sintering (SPS) processing was examined in high purity MgAl2O4 spinel. As the density ρt increases, that is, as the effective stress σeff decreases, stress exponent n evaluated from σeff dependence of densification rate varies from n ≥ 4 in the low ρt region, n ≈ 2 in the intermediate ρt region to n ≈ 1 in the high ρt region. TEM observation shows that significant stacking faults caused by partial dislocations are observed in the low ρt region, but limited in the high ρt region. The ρt dependent densification behavior and microstructure suggest that the predominant densification mechanism during the SPS processing changes with ρt from plastic flow by partial dislocation motion for the low ρt region (n ≥ 4) to diffusion-related creep for the high ρt region (n ≈ 1).
62
Authors: Koji Morita, Byung Nam Kim, Hidehiro Yoshida, Yoshio Sakka, Keijiro Hiraga
Abstract: In order to attain high-strain-rate superplasticity (HSRS) in ceramics, flow behavior was examined with ZrO2 reference sample. The results suggest that the enhancement of the accommodation processes of grain boundary sliding (GBS) is important in addition to the careful controlling the microstructural factors, such as stable fine grain structure, reducing residual pores and so on. The spinel particles dispersion can simultaneously provide the following positive factors to ZrO2: i) suppressed grain growth due to pinning effect of spinel particles, enhanced accommodation due to ii) accelerated relaxation of stress concentrations exerted by GBS through dislocation motion and iii) accelerated lattice diffusion caused by the dissolution of aluminum and magnesium into ZrO2 from the spinel particles. The positive factors due to spinel dispersion make it possible to attain HSRS in ZrO2 ceramics.
9
Authors: Keijiro Hiraga, Hidehiro Yoshida, Koji Morita, Byung Nam Kim
Abstract: In tetragonal zirconia, possibility is investigated of densification with finer grain sizes under the combination of doping and sintering in air. The materials used are CIP'ed compacts of 3-mol%-yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (3Y-TZP) doped with a small amount of cations. For a given sintering temperature and initial density of the compacts, while the doped cations enhances densification in the latest stage of sintering, the effect is different in grain growth during densification: a doped cation tended to enhance grain growth, whereas the other cations tended to suppress grain growth. As a result, the doping of the latter cations brings about a grain size finer than that of the undoped 3Y-TZP for a given relative density.
227
Authors: Byung Nam Kim, Keijiro Hiraga
2729
Authors: Hidehiro Yoshida, Koji Morita, Byung Nam Kim, Keijiro Hiraga, Takahisa Yamamoto, Taketo Sakuma
997
Authors: Byung Nam Kim, Y. Katsukawa, B.W. Ahn, Manabu Enoki, T. Kishi
889
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