Papers by Author: Chathura Nalendra Herath

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Authors: Bok Choon Kang, Chathura Nalendra Herath, Jong Kwang Park, Yong Hwang Roh
Abstract: Carbon, aramid and glass fibers are inherently superior to conventional textile fibers in terms of mechanical properties and other characteristics. However, each material has its inherent advantages and disadvantages and it is usually recommended to hybridize them to fully benefit of their high performance in practical applications to many products. This paper is concerned with an air texturing process for hybridization of different reinforcement filament yarns. A normal air texturing machine was selected for process development and modified to suit testing purposes. The modified process for hybridization was introduced mainly in terms of air-jet nozzles employed in experiments. With the proposed air texturing process machine, three types of air-nozzle were applied to the experimental work. Three different filament materials were employed in experiments and they are carbon (CF), aramid (AF), and glass (GF). As matrix materials, polyether-ether (PEEK), polyester (PES), and polypropylene (PP) were selected and experimented. Hybrid yarns produced form the proposed process was evaluated optically in terms of bulkiness, arranging, breaking, and mixing, respectively. The experimental results were also summarized in terms of relationships between applied air pressure and yarn count, and variation in count. As a whole, it was concluded from the experiments that the proposed texturing process could be successfully applied to the practical hybridization of different reinforcement filament yarns. It was also revealed from the experiments that the air pressure in the proposed process is not a significant parameter on the pressing in terms of yarn count.
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Authors: Chathura Nalendra Herath, Beong Bok Hwang, B.S. Ham, Jung Min Seo, Bok Choon Kang
Abstract: Carbon, aramid and glass fibers are inherently superior to conventional textile fibers in terms of mechanical properties as well as other chemical characteristics. Because of inherent advantages and disadvantages associated with each material, it is generally better to hybridize them to fully benefit of their high performance in many practical applications. In this paper, the possibility of hybridizing Carbon/Aramid-, Carbon/Glass- and Aramid/Glass- matrices has been investigated through the commingling process. In the experiment, several process parameters were selected and they include pressure, yarn oversupply-rate and different nozzle types. As a result of experiments, it was concluded that the hybridized materials has shown better performance than individual reinforced filament yarns in terms of mechanical properties. For small tensile forces, the Carbon/Glass/matrix combination turned out to be good enough for general purpose applications. However, for high tensile applications, Carbon/Aramid or Aramid/Glass with matrix combinations was better than the other material combinations. The hybridization process was also investigated under an air pressure of 5 bar, a yarn oversupply-rate of 1.5% for reinforced filaments, and 3.5% to 6% for matrix materials, respectively. It was also shown from the experimental results that Carbon/Glass/matrix combination may be desirable for small tensile force applications and Carbon/Aramid/matrix and Glass/Aramid/matrix combinations most suitable for heavy tensile force applications, respectively. As a matrix material, polypropylene and polyester have shown better performance than polyether-ether-keeton in terms of tensile property.
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Authors: Chathura Nalendra Herath, Bok Choon Kang, Jong Kwang Park, Yong Hwang Roh, Beong Bok Hwang
Abstract: This paper is concerned the breaking elongation properties of Carbon/Aramid-, Carbon/Glass- and Aramid/Glass- matrix hybridized commingling yarns. The hybrid yarns produced by commingling process were investigated in terms of breaking elongation property. In experiments, carbon (CF), aramid (AF), and glass (GF) filament yarns were combined. In this study, selected matrix materials include Polyether-ether-Keeton (PEEK), and polyester (PES), or polypropylene (PP). The volume content of filament in hybrid yarn cross section was maintained at 50% for both reinforced and matrix, ant hybrid yarns count at 600 tex, respectively. The reinforcement to matrix filament combination was selected as 1:1 proportion. The effect of different air pressures and material combinations was investigated in terms of breaking elongation. In experiments, each type of hybrid yarn sample has been tested 20 times at the testing speed of 10mm/min. under 3 bar of yarn clamping pressure. Since breaking elongation is one of most important properties in textile fiber, it was examined closely with reference to the first breaking point of commingling-hybrid yarns. It was concluded from experiments that hybrid yarns with higher breaking elongation and higher tensile strength tend to show better force-elongation relationship. It was also known from experiments that the combination of two reinforcement filament yarns gives always much better results than a single reinforcement filament yarns in terms of elongation property. GF/AF/matrix is shown very much better elongation properties. PP and PES gives higher elongation than PEEK as a matrix material.
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Authors: Bok Choon Kang, K.H. Min, Y.H. Lee, Beong Bok Hwang, Chathura Nalendra Herath
Abstract: Fibers made of elements such as carbon, aramid and glass have higher mechanical properties than other conventional textile fibers and they enable the production of light weight composites as end products. Furthermore, commingling hybrid yarns generally have a characteristic feature so that their components are distributed homogeneously enough over the yarn cross section. A normal air texturerising machine was modified to produce commingling hybrid yarns for test samples. Different process parameters were applied to produce the hybridized yarn samples. However, these process parameters turned out to have little effect on the filament distribution over the hybrid yarn cross section in terms of homogeneity. The analysis in this paper is focused on the pattern of mixing of filaments over a cross section of hybrid yarns according to different combinations of reinforcement and matrix filament yarns through microscopic view. The volume content of filament in hybrid yarn cross section was maintained at 50% for both reinforced and matrix, and the hybrid yarns count at 600 tex throughout experiments. It was concluded from the experiments that the diameters of reinforcement and matrix filaments have strong effects on the pattern of mixing of filaments over a cross section of hybrid yarns such that the hybrid yarns with more or less equal diameters of reinforcement and matrix filaments showed considerably even distributions over the hybrid yarn cross section.
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