Papers by Author: Clodomiro Alves Jr.

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Authors: Marcio W.D. Mendes, António Carlos P. Santos, Francisca de Fatima P. Medeiros, Clodomiro Alves Jr., A.G.P. Silva, Uilame Umbelino Gomes
Abstract: The aluminothermic reduction is a highly exothermal reaction between a metal oxide and aluminium. Conventionally this reaction is ignited by an electric resistance and the reaction products after cooling are in the form of a rigid block of mixed metal and aluminium oxide. In this work a new process of aluminothermic reduction is presented, in which the reaction is ignited by a hydrogen plasma. The niobium oxide and aluminium powders are high energy milled for six hours to form particles constituted of oxide and aluminum. Stoichiometric, substoichiometric and superstoichiometric mixtures were prepared. The mixture was placed in a stainless steel tube (the hollow cathode) inside the reactor chamber. The chamber was firstly evacuated. Then hydrogen at low pressure was introduced. In the following an electric discharge between the cathode and the anode localized just above the cathode ignites the plasma. The plasma heats the particles on the surface of the powder layer and starts the reaction that proceeds in each particle since the reactants are intimately mixed. The heat generated by the reaction propagates deeper in the layer until the whole mixture reacts. Substoichiometric mixtures can be used because hydrogen takes part of the reduction. The Nb2O5 – Al starting powder mixture and the products of the reaction are characterized by laser grain size measurement and X-Ray diffraction (XRD). The products are in form of powder or agglomerates of particles. Phases of reaction products was determined by XRD analysis and the particle size trough SEM.
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Authors: A.S. Silva, H. Scatena, Antonio Eduardo Martinelli, Clodomiro Alves Jr.
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Authors: T.M.P. Frota, R.A. Brito, Clodomiro Alves Jr., V. Hajek
Abstract: Porous materials are successfully utilized for fabrication of many industrial components such as filters and selflubricating bearings. These products are made by powder metallurgy, where mixtured or prealloyed powders can be used. The aluminum bronze is one of the most wanted due its excellent properties in combination with low cost of the raw materials. In this work, single action compacted (100 MPa) prealloyed aluminum bronze (Cu- 9wt%Al-1wt%Fe) cylinders were sintered using a hollow cathode discharge at temperatures between 400 and 750°C with duration on the isotherm for 12 min. Microstructure changes, homogeneity, porosity and composition were analyzed after the treatment. Sintering below 550° C led to uniform but porous structure. Above 550 °C it was observed a solidified central region and a porous structure that changes slightly through out the cross-section. The diameter of the central region increased with treatment temperature. It is concluded that due to the intense plasma heating and subsequent surface melt formation a mass flow direction to the center of compacts occurred.
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Authors: Domingos S. Paulo, Antonio Eduardo Martinelli, Clodomiro Alves Jr., Jorge H. Echude-Silva, C.A.M. Assunção, Michelle P. Távora
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Authors: Domingos S. Paulo, Antonio Eduardo Martinelli, Clodomiro Alves Jr., Jorge H. Echude-Silva, Michelle P. Távora, Rubens Maribondo Nascimento
Abstract: Powdered steel reinforced by NbC dispersed particles was sintered both in resistive furnace at 1180°C or in plasma reactor at 850°C (reference temperature) using heating rates that ranged from 10 to 100°C/min. Fe3P was used as liquid phase sintering additive. The microstructure of the resulting materials was visualized by scanning electronic microscopy. Distinctive microstructural features were observed as a function of the heating source and heating rate. Plasma sintering at rates ~ 30°C/min revealed different microstructural features comparing edge and sample bulk. Homogeneous mixtures of Fe and NbC could be sintered in resistive furnace and plasma reactor using relatively low heating rates. Plasma sintering at 800°C for 1 h (heating rate of 10°C/min) resulted in relative densities of ~ 91% of the theoretical density of the composite. Sintering in resistive furnace for 1150°C resulted in relative densities ~ 94%.
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Authors: Caubi Ferreira De Souza Jr., Clodomiro Alves Jr.
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