Papers by Author: D. Rafaja

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Authors: B. Pelic, D. Rafaja, Patrick J. Masset, H.J. Seifert, L. Bortolotto, Michael Schütze, G. Wolf, I. Loeh
Abstract: γ-TiAl intermetallics are attractive materials for high-temperature structural applications in the aerospace and automobile industries. However, they show environmental embrittlement at elevated temperatures that is mainly related to their low high-temperature corrosion resistance. One way how to improve the high-temperature corrosion resistance is the deposition of protective coatings on the surface of the base material. In this study, samples of a Ti-Al alloy with the chemical composition Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb (at.%) were covered by physically vapour deposited (PVD), by metalorganic chemically vapour deposited (MOCVD) and by high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) sprayed coatings. All coatings were based on the Ti-Al alloys and contained different amounts of alloying elements. The corrosion experiments were performed in molten salts containing 75 wt.% Na2SO4 and 25 wt.% NaCl at 850°C up to 336 h. Both, PVD and CVD protected coatings reduced the changes in the mass of the samples over the corrosion time. Still, the formation of TiO2 could not be avoided, as it was confirmed by glancing-angle X-ray diffraction experiments.
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Authors: Victor I. Kolomytsev, M. Babanly, Alexandre Pasko, A.P. Shpak, Tetjana Sych, P. Ochin, Philippe Vermaut, Richard Portier, Eduard Cesari, D. Rafaja
Abstract: A series of multielementary AB-type shape memory alloys, quaternary (Ti,Hf)50(Ni,Cu)50 and quinary (Ti,Zr,Hf)50(Ni,Cu)50, have been produced by means of the melt-spinning (ribbons), twin-roll casting (strips) and injection casting (bars) techniques. The glass forming ability (GFA) has been investigated by means of calorimetric studies (DSC, DTA), microscopic observations (TEM/SAD, SEM, XRD, optical microscopy) and deformation tests (bending, tension). The glass transition (Tg) and crystallization (Tx) temperatures with the corresponding supercooled liquid window ΔT = Tx – Tg have been determined for the mentioned rapid solidification techniques. GFA is found to be strongly dependent on specific ratio between the constituent alloying elements, with effective element A containing mixture of the early transition elements A = (Ti,Zr,Hf) and effective element B containing mixture of the late transition elements B = (Ni,Cu), respectively. We report a choice of the alloy composition, which is amorphous after fast cooling while recovers a reversible B2 ↔ B19 ↔ B19' martensitic transformation sequence and demonstrates shape memory and superelastic properties (up to MS ~ 400 K, AF ~ 450 K in the bulk material versus MS ~ 250 K, AF ~ 350 K in the ribbon and strip states) after an adequate thermal treatment.
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