Papers by Author: Florin Baltaretu

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Authors: Olga Budenkova, Anne Noeppel, Jenő Kovács, Arnold Rónaföldi, András Roósz, Anne Marie Bianchi, Florin Baltaretu, Mabel Medina, Yves Fautrelle
Abstract: A numerical investigation of directional solidification of Al-7wt.%Si alloy stirred by a rotating magnetic field is compared with experimental results. Experimental study of such process has revealed periodical macrosegregation in axial direction of the samples in the shape of a “Christmas tree”. Similar macrosegregation pattern is obtained in simulations for the two values of magnetic field. Numerical simulations have shown also that formation of the periodical structure depends not only on the external conditions but on the permeability of the mushy zone.
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Authors: Xiao Dong Wang, A. Ciobanas, Florin Baltaretu, Anne Marie Bianchi, Yves Fautrelle
Abstract: A numerical model aimed at simulating the segregations during the columnar solidification of a binary alloy is used to investigate the effects of a forced convection. Our objective is to study how the segregation characteristics in the mushy zone are influenced by laminar flows driven both by buoyancy and by AC fields of moderate intensity. Various types of magnetic fields have been tested, namely travelling, rotating magnetic field and slowly modulated electromagnetic forces. The calculations have been achieved on two types of alloys, namely tin-lead and aluminiumsilicon. It is shown that the flow configuration changes the segregation pattern. The change comes from the coupling between the liquid flow and the top of the mushy zone via the pressure distribution along the solidification front. The pressure difference along the front drives a mush flow, which transports the solute in the mushy region. Another interesting type of travelling magnetic field has been tested. It consists of a slowly modulated travelling magnetic field. It is shown that in a certain range of values of the modulation period, the channels are almost suppressed. The normal macrosegregation remains, but the averaged segregation in the mushy zone is weaker than in the natural convection case. The optimal period depends on the electromagnetic force strength as well as the cooling rate. The latter phenomenon cannot occur in the case of rotating magnetic fields, since in that configuration the sign of the pressure gradient along the solidification front remains unchanged. Recent solidification experiments with electromagnetic stirring confirm the predicted macrosegregation patterns.
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Authors: Olga Budenkova, Florin Baltaretu, Sonja Steinbach, Lorenz Ratke, András Roósz, Arnold Rónaföldi, Jenõ Kovács, Anna Maria Bianchi, Yves Fautrelle
Abstract: Recently several experiments on directional solidification of Al-6.5wt.Si-0.93wt.%Fe (AlSi7Fe1) alloy were performed under terrestrial conditions and onboard the International Space Station (ISS) in the Materials Science Lab (MSL) with use of electromagnetic stirring and without it. Analysis of the samples showed that stirring with a rotating magnetic field lead to the accumulation of iron-rich intermetallics in the center of the sample and influenced the primary dendrite spacing while the secondary dendrite arm spacing were not affected. In the present paper the accumulation of the intermetallics b-Al5SiFe in the center of the samples due to RMF stirring is demonstrated numerically and the evolution of primary and secondary dendrite arm spacing is discussed.
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