Papers by Author: Hong Bo Gao

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Authors: Yan Hua Zhao, Shi Lang Xu, Zhi Min Wu, Hong Bo Gao
Abstract: The apparent size effect of the specific fracture energy of concrete according to the RILEM procedure has been confirmed by numerous published works. The paper offers an explanation for this size effect by considering the specimen boundary influence on local fracture energy over the ligament length, which is closely associated with the measured fracture energy of concrete. To address this boundary influence, boundary affected length is introduced, over which local fracture energy is different from that in the bulk far away from the surface of the specimen. Based on previous work, a continuous smooth function is hypothesized to simulate the distribution of local fracture energy. At the same time, the model established was compared to the existing models, i.e. Perturbed Ligament Model (PLM) and Bilinear Model (BLM). Some test results from wedge splitting specimen in the literature were used to verify these three models. The results show that the true fracture energy of concrete, irrespective of the specimen size, could be obtained from the measured values directly from RILEM, and is less sensitive to determination approach. The predicted boundary affected length when the crack reaches the specimen surface is more close to the value of the perturbation length in PLM.
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Authors: Shi Lang Xu, Hong Bo Gao, Xiu Fang Zhang
Abstract: Using the double-edge notched geometry proposed by Xu and Reinhardt recently, the dimension of 200 mm×200 mm×100mm concrete cube specimens, of which the crack length are 10 mm, 20 mm, 30mm, 40mm, 50mm respectively, are designed to experimentally measure mode II fracture toughness KIIC of concrete. For almost all specimens, typical shear fracture features i.e. approximately 0º initial cracking angle as well the following crack forwards propagation along the direction of ligament is phenomenally observed. This fact strongly confirms that this double-edge notched geometry is validly and capable of being utilized as a mode II fracture geometry to evaluate mode II fracture behavior. Then, from the discontinuity point of the measured load-displacement plot, the critical shear fracture load Pc is determined and the corresponding mode II fracture toughness KIIC is also calculated using the formula developed by Xu and Reinhardt. The computed results show that KIIC has no dependency on initial crack length, about 3.36MPa·m1/2 for the tested specimens.
1149
Authors: Jian Jiang Bian, Hong Bo Gao, Xiao Wu Wang
Abstract: The sintering behavior, microstructure and microwave dielectric properties of A-site modified Pb(Mg1/2W1/2)O3 with Ca2+, Ba2+and La3+ were investigated in this paper. It is discovered that a series of single-phase perovskite type solid solutions with A-site vacancies were formed for Pb1-3/2xLax(Mg1/2W1/2)O3 (0 £ x £ 2/3)). The solid solution took cubic perovskite type structure (Fm3m)with random distribution of A-site vacancies when 0 < x < 0.5, and tetragonal or orthorhombic structure with the ordering of A-site vacancies when 0.5 £ x £ 2/3. However, the solid solubility of Ba(Mg1/2W1/2)O3 and Ca(Mg1/2W1/2)O3 in Pb(Mg1/2W1/2)O3 is limited to 15 and 5 mol%, respectively, in spite of no structural difference between the end member. It was also found that the A-site substitution with Ca2+, Ba2+and La3+ for Pb2+ has no influences on the degree of B-site ordering between Mg2+ and W6+. However, the antiferroelectric Tc decreases with increase in the content of A-site substitution. The dielectric constants and temperature coefficient of resonant frequency of La3+ modified Pb(Mg1/2W1/2)O3 are much lower than that of. Ca2+and Ba2+ modified Pb(Mg1/2W1/2)O3, and decrease with increasing La content. However, its Q×f values is much higher than that of Ca2+and Ba2+ modified Pb(Mg1/2W1/2)O3, and increase with increase in La content. Relatively good combination microwave dielectric properties were obtained for Pb1-3/2xLax(Mg1/2W1/2)O3 with x=0.56: er=28.7, Q×f=18098, and tf=-5.8ppm/oC.
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Authors: Shuang Qi Han, Jie Zhao, Lai Wang, Hong Bo Gao
Abstract: In this paper, a Z-parameter method is proposed to relate creep rupture data and microstructure deterioration of three low carbon steels: Cr5Mo, 12Cr1MoV and 20 steels. A new analytic expression of the Larson-Miller parameter verse stress is supposed as: P =Z + C1 lgσ + C2 σ, where C1 and C2 are constants which determine the shape of the curves and related to materials, and the value of parameter Z represents the magnitude deviated from the master curve which corresponds with the deterioration in rupture properties. As the deterioration in rupture properties closely connects with the degradation of microstructure, namely the spheroidization of carbides in pearlite style steel, a linear relationships have been found between the value of Z-parameter and the level of spheroidization E which can be expressed as: Z = a1 + a2 E.
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