Papers by Author: Hui Chen Yu

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Authors: Hui Chen Yu, Cheng Li Dong, Ying Li
Abstract: Strain-controlled low cycle fatigue (LCF) and creep-fatigue interaction (CFI) tests of K447A are conducted at 760oC in order to investigate the effects of different dwell times and strain ratios on the fatigue behavior and life. For the cases of stain ratio Rε=-1 with balanced hold time, the tensile and compressive mean stresses will generate. For the case of stain ratio Rε=-1 with compressive holding 60s, the tensile mean stress will produce. For the case of stain ratio Rε=-1 with tensile holding 60s, the compressive mean stress will produce. For the cases of stain ratio Rε=0.1 and Rε=-1with no hold time, the tensile mean stress will produce. The cyclic damage accumulation (CDA) method and modified CDA method were employed to predict the fatigue life for K447A, respectively. The fatigue life predicted by CDA method is within the scatter band of 18.2X. The fatigue life predicted by the modified CDA method agrees very well with the experimental life and the predicted life is well within the scatter band of 3.1X, which means that the modified CDA method is able to consider the influences of dwell time and strain ratio on the fatigue life of K447A.
121
Authors: Hui Chen Yu, Bin Zhong, Xue Ren Wu, Hui Ji Shi
Abstract: The fatigue behaviors of a directionally solidified (DS) nickel base superalloy, coated with a MCrAlY coating (NiCrAlYSi) were studied. Two kinds of tests were performed. One kind of tests are low cycle fatigue (LCF) test under strain control at different temperatures, another kind of tests are stress controlled LCF test with SEM-servo hydraulic testing machine for in situ cracking observation. The results show that the effect of coating on LCF life of coating/substrate system was rather different according to different strain levels and temperatures. The coating has no or less effect on LCF life under high strain range and the LCF life is governed by fatigue behavior of substrate in spite of the difference of temperature. However, when strain range is smaller, crack initiation and propagation are observably affected by temperature, which leads to a shorter LCF life of coating/substrate system at 500°C and a longer LCF life at 760°C or 980°C. This means the failure of coating/substrate system is dominated by the cracking of surface coating under low strain range. The brittleness at 500°C lower than DBTT results in rapid stage II crack propagation. The crack initiation from coating surface was in situ observed at room temperature and 700 °C and it was found that cracks usually initiated from the surface roughness of coating and then propagate to failure. The brittleness and surface roughness are the basic acceptable causes leading to the early damage of a coating/substrate system.
229
Authors: Hong Xia Deng, Hui Ji Shi, Seiji Tsuruoka, Hui Chen Yu, Bin Zhong
Abstract: The Plasma transferred arc welding (PTAW) is widely used for hardfacing components exposed to severe conditions. Without post welding heat treatments, large tensile residual stresses remain in the hardfacing coating, which is detrimental. In this paper, a set of post welding heat treatments was evaluated for the heat-resistant steel substrate – Co-based alloy hardfacing coating system. Microstructural and mechanical properties, including the chemical phases of coating surface, the microstructure of coating surface, the Vickers hardness and the residual welding stress, were investigated before and after the heat treatments. Results revealed that during the heat treatments, some elements reprecipitated and the secondary carbide Cr23C6 was formed. After the treatments, a more regular structure and a higher Vickers hardness were obtained. Moreover, the tensile residual stresses in the coating decreased significantly. Therefore, it can be inferred that the post welding heat treatments employed in this paper were proper for this material system.
593
Authors: Su Gui Tian, Ben Jiang Qian, Yong Su, Hui Chen Yu, Xing Fu Yu
Abstract: By means of calculating stacking fault energy (SFE), measuring creep properties and contrast analysis of dislocation configuration, an investigation has been made into the influence of the stacking fault energy on the creep mechanism of the single crystal nickel-based superalloy. Results show that the alloy at 760¡æ has a lower stacking fault energy (SFE), and the SFE of the alloy increases with the temperatures. The deformed mechanism of the alloy during creep at 760¡æ is the cubical γ′ phase sheared by <110> super-dislocation which may be decomposed to form the configuration of (1/3)<112> super-Shockley partials dislocation plus the superlattice intrinsic stacking fault (SISF). The deformed mechanism of the alloy which possesses the higher SFE at 1070¡æ is the screw or edge super-dislocation shearing into the rafted γ′ phase. The SFE of the alloy at 980¡æ is intervenient between the ones of 760¡æ and 1070¡æ, the deformation mechanism of the alloy during creep is the rafted γ′ phase sheared by <110> screw and edge super-dislocations which may be decomposed into the configuration of (1/2)<110> partial dislocation plus APB.
2474
Authors: Hui Chen Yu, Bin Zhong, Xue Ren Wu
Abstract: The isothermal low cycle fatigue (LCF) behaviors of a directionally solidified (DS) nickel base superalloy, coated with a NiCrAlYSi coating were studied. The study concerned NiCrAlYSi coating formed by an arc-discharged physical vapor deposition (PVD) process for protection against high-temperature corrosion and oxidation of gas turbine blades. The effect of protective coating on LCF life of coating/substrate system was investigated at high temperatures and compared with uncoated alloy. The test results show that coating has no or less effect on LCF life under high strain range and the LCF life is governed by the fatigue behavior of substrate at different temperatures. However, when strain range is smaller, crack initiation and propagation are observably affected by temperature, which leads to a shorter LCF life of coating/substrate system at 500°C and a longer LCF life at 760°C or 980°C.
203
Authors: Ying Li, Hui Chen Yu, Xue Ren Wu, Xiao Guang Yang, Duo Qi Shi
Abstract: Tensile creep tests were conducted at 980°C under a constant stress on a single crystal nickel base superalloy. Some tests were interrupted at different stages during the creep process. The strain-time curves indicated that this alloy exhibited conventional primary, steady-state and tertiary stages at this temperature. The transmission electron microscope (TEM) observations of foils taken from the gauge sections of specimens were made to interpret the microstructural evolution that occurred during the creep process. It was found that the γ′ particles were rafted in the direction perpendicular to the applied stress. The acceleration of the creep rate was related to the change of the dislocation density.
511
Authors: Su Gui Tian, Shu Zhang, Li Li Yu, Hui Chen Yu, Ben Jiang Qian
Abstract: An investigation has been made into the microstructure and creep behaviors of [110] oriented single crystal nickel-base superalloy. Results show that, after a full heat treated, the cubic  phase is coherently embedded in the matrix and regularly arranged along the <100> orientation. During creep, the cubic phase in the alloy is transformed into the rafted structure lying 45 relative to the direction of the applied stress. Under the condition of the applied stress of 137 MPa at 1040°C, the alloy displays a higher strain rate and shorter creep lifetime. The deformation mode of the alloy during creep is dislocations activated within the matrix channels and the rafted phase. Dislocation slip activated easily on the Roof-type channel is thought to be the main reason of the alloy having higher strain rate and shorter creep lifetime.
512
Authors: Su Gui Tian, Xian Lin Meng, Ning Tian, Hui Chen Yu
Abstract: By means of creep property measurement and microstructure observation, an investigation has been made into the creep behaviors of DZ125 superalloy at high temperature and low stress. Results showed that the superalloy under the applied stress of 137MPa at 1293 K displayed a better creep resistance, and the apparent creep activation energy of the alloy during steady state creep was measured to be Q = 325.57 kJ/mol. The various microstructures were displayed in different regions of the sample, thereinto, the rafted γ phase was uniformly distributed in the regions far away from the fracture, but the twisted and coarser rafted γ phase appeared in the region near the fracture. The deformation mechanism of the alloy during steady state creep was the dislocations climbing over the rafted γ phase. In the later stage of creep, significant amount of dislocations shearing into the rafted γ-phase promoted the initiation and propagation of the cracks along the boundaries up to the occurrence of fracture, which was though to the fracture mechanism of the alloy during creep.
697
Authors: Cheng Li Dong, Ying Li, Hui Chen Yu
Abstract: This paper presents the reliability analysis of the creep rupture strength and long-term life of a directionally solidified nickel-base superalloy, DZ125, which is widely used for manufacturing turbine blades of advanced aeroengines. A number of creep rupture experiments of DZ125 alloy are carried out at 760oC, 850oC, 980oC and 1040oC. Larson-Miller (L-M for short) parameter is used to predict the long-term creep life and a master curve in the L-M parameter is obtained. A “Z-parameter” model is employed to characterize the magnitude of the deviation of the creep rupture data to a master curve. The “Z-parameter” of DZ125 alloy followed Gaussian distribution which is verified by Chi-square testing. Based on the “Z-parameter” model, the curves of Stress-TTP (i.e. Time-temperature parameter)-Reliability, Stress-Life-Reliability and Allowable Stress-Temperature-Reliability are obtained to predict the creep rupture strength and life for DZ125 alloy.
133
Authors: Hong Xia Deng, Hui Ji Shi, Seiji Tsuruoka, Hui Chen Yu, Bin Zhong
Abstract: The main task of this paper was to evaluate the influence of hardfacing technique and service temperature on the fatigue properties of heat-resistant steel X45CrSi9-3 coated with Co-based alloy Stellite 12. The results of rotating bending fatigue tests showed that at room temperature (RT), the fatigue strength of specimens welded by the acetylene gas welding (AGW) was lower than that of specimens welded by the plasma transferred arc welding (PTAW). For PTAW specimens, the fatigue strength at 500oC was much higher than that at RT. Two failure modes were presented, one was termed as the coating failure mode at RT and the other was termed as coating-interface failure mode at 500oC. The fatigue life prediction was conducted by using a modified Murakami’s model.
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