Papers by Author: I. Infante Danzo

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Authors: I. Infante Danzo, Kim Verbeken, Yvan Houbaert
Abstract: In order to improve the magnetic properties of electrical steels, it may be desirable to increase the Si and/or Al content of the steel. A possible and alternative route to realize this is through the application of an Al-Si-rich coating on the steel substrate using a hot dipping process, followed by a diffusion annealing treatment. Previously, a series of compositions were used for dipping, namely: pure Al, Al + 10wt% Si (hypo-eutectic composition) and Al + 25wt% Si (hypereutectic composition). After these dipping experiments, and the subsequent evaluation of the coating and its formed intermetallic phases, the use of a hypo-eutectic Al-Si-bath was recommended for further investigation, because of certain advantages: i.e. hypo-eutectic concentrations allow lower dipping temperatures and reduce the formation of ordered Fe-Si-structures that cause brittleness in the coating and substrate. The present work reports on the results obtained on materials that were hot dipped in a hypo-eutectic Al-Si bath. An Al + 1wt%Si bath was used to coat electrical steel substrates with different silicon contents with dipping times, varying between 0 to 20 seconds, after a preheating of the samples to a temperature of 700°C. A thorough characterization of the formed intermetallics was made by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). Three different compounds were identified as Fe2Al5, FeAl3 and a nearly pure Al phase.
370
Authors: I. Infante Danzo, Benny Malengier, S. Miyar, E. Gomez, Kim Verbeken, Yvan Houbaert, Roger Van Keer, Iris de Graeve
Abstract: Hot dipping is a coating technique used in industry for galvanizing machine elements and steel profiles for construction or automotive applications. However, an alternative use of this process might be to improve specific properties. For instance, in order to improve the magnetic properties of electrical steels, it may be desirable to increase the Si and/or Al content. A possible and alternative route to realize this is by the application of an Al-Si-rich coating on the steel substrate using a hot dipping process, followed by a diffusion annealing treatment in order to distribute the Al/Si more evenly in the steel. The obtained distribution depends on the annealing parameters and can be both beneficial and detrimental for the magnetic properties. In the present work, Fe-Si substrates were hot dipped in different Al-Si baths. Subsequently, the samples were annealed at 1100°C during 20 minutes and concentration profiles were measured with scanning electron microscope energy dispersive spectroscopy line scans. The experimental results were analyzed using a specifically designed simulation model in order to determine the Al and Si diffusion coefficients. This model uses an inverse algorithm to determine interdiffusion coefficients that arise in a macro ternary diffusion system.
428
Authors: I. Infante Danzo, Kim Verbeken, Yvan Houbaert
Abstract: A homogenous intensity distribution along the cube texture fibre is important to achieve an easy magnetization in non-oriented electrical steels. Several alternatives have been discussed in literature to achieve this goal namely, tertiary recrystallization (surface energy controlled), decarburization annealing, two step cold rolling (strain induced boundary migration), twin-roll thin strip casting (directional solidification), phase transformation (surface energy anisotropy) and columnar grains formation (selective grain growth). In the present study, a hypoeutectic Al-Si alloy was deposited on the surface of cold rolled Fe-Si steels with a hot dipping simulator and subsequently annealed at 1000°C for different times. This procedure was developed previously in order to enrich the substrate with Al and/or Si and consequently improve their resistivity. Of specific interest was the formation of columnar grains in the low Fe-Si steel after annealing. These columnar grains were found to grow from the surface towards the centre of the substrate. The microstructure and texture in the columnar grains were significantly different than those in the middle of the material. Therefore, the evolution of these features during processing was studied in detail in this work.
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