Papers by Author: Jae Boong Choi

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Authors: In Pil Kang, Mark J. Schulz, Jong Won Lee, Gyeong Rak Choi, Joo Yung Jung, Jae Boong Choi, Sung Ho Hwang
Abstract: This study introduces a nano smart material to develop a novel sensor for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of mechanical and civil systems. Mechanical, civil, and environmental systems need to become self-sensing and intelligent to preserve their integrity, optimize their performance, and provide continuous safety for the users and operators. Present smart materials and structures have fundamental limitations in their sensitivity, size, cost, ruggedness, and weight. Smart materials developed using nanotechnology have the potential to improve the way we generate and measure motion in devices from the nano to the macro scale in size. Among several possible smart nanoscale materials, Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) have aroused great interest in the research community because of their remarkable mechanical, electrochemical, piezoresistive, and other physical properties. To address the need for new intelligent sensing based on CNT, this study presents piezoresistivity and electrochemical properties and preliminary experiments that can be applied for SHM. This study is anticipated to develop a new multifunctional sensor which can simultaneously monitor strain, stress and corrosion on a structure with a simple electric circuit.
Authors: Seong In Moon, Ja Choon Koo, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim, Sung Sik Choi, Jeoung Gwen Lee
Authors: Young Jae Park, Yoon Suk Chang, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: Class 1 piping components of a certain old vintage nuclear power plant were designed by ANSI B31.1 code without a detailed fatigue evaluation such as the one required by recent ASME Section III code. These components may undergo fatigue damage when considering the continued operation beyond the design life whilst the inherent fatigue resistances of those may satisfy the corresponding implicit limits. In this paper, the alternative fatigue evaluation has been carried out explicitly for Class 1 piping of old nuclear power plant. At first, four representative nuclear piping systems were selected to check the operational adequacy. After characterization of conservative loading conditions based on design features, a series of finite element analyses have been performed and the cumulative usage factors were calculated to guarantee if the components at each system sustain adequate fatigue resistance. Finally, comparisons were drawn between the implicit fatigue design specifications and alternative explicit fatigue analysis results. Even though there were some exceptions, it was demonstrated that most components satisfied the current explicit fatigue criterion.
Authors: Ja Choon Koo, H.S. Kim, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: Application of Hamilton’s theorem is limited to rigid body dynamics problems in spite of its benefit that always yield a set of first order differential equations as a model. From the fundamental formulation procedure, introduction of Hamilton’s principle to continuum problems differs from the traditional continuum modeling methodology that relies upon partial differential field equation. For the analysis of impact problems where highly nonlinear coupled models are norm, massively distributed computation schemes are usually employed and they significantly reduce computational cost and improve accuracy. With the parallel resources in mind, the present work applies Hamiltonian modeling approach to a shock propagation problem in continuous media. The formulated model which is in first order ordinary differential equations is efficiently calculated on a Beowulf based Linux parallel machines.
Authors: Young Jae Park, H.K. Kim, Yoon Suk Chang, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: A seamless analysis of complex geometry is one of greatly interesting topic. However, there are still gaps between the industrial applications and fundamental academic studies owing to time consuming modeling process. To resolve this problem, an auto mesh generation program based on grid-based approach has been developed for IT-product in the present study. At first, base mesh and skin mesh are generated using the information of entities which extracted from IGES file. Secondly the provisional core mesh with rugged boundary geometry is constructed by superimposing the skin mesh as well as the base mesh generated from the CAD model. Finally, the positions of boundary nodes are adjusted to make a qualified mesh by adapting node modification and smoothing techniques. Also, for the sake of verification of mesh quality, the hexahedral auto mesh constructed by the program is compared with the corresponding tetrahedral free mesh and hexahedral mapped mesh through static finite element analyses. Thereby, it is anticipated that the grid-based approach can be used as a promising pre-processor for integrity evaluation of various IT-products.
Authors: Young Jae Park, Byung Sun Kim, Han Ok Ko, Yoon Suk Chang, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim, Joon Seong Lee, C.S. Kim
Abstract: A seamless analysis of IT-related products, such as cellular phone, LCD monitor and note PC etc., which are thin and complex geometry is one of great concerns in product design. However, there is a considerable amount of gap between the industrial application and fundamental academic studies due to a time consuming detailed mesh generation. In order to settle the bottleneck, an auto mesh generation program based on a modified grid-based approach is proposed in this paper. At first, base mesh and skin mesh were generated using informations on entities which extracted from an IGES (Initial Graphics Exchange Specification) file. Secondly, a provisional core mesh with a rough boundary geometry was constructed by superimposing the skin mesh into the base mesh generated from CAD model. And then, positions of boundary nodes were redistributed to delineate exact geometry of the provisional mesh. Finally, good qualified meshes were constructed by moving the positions of the nodes and splitting elements along boundary edges. In conclusion, it is anticipated that the developed program can be used as a promising pre-processor for static or dynamic analysis of various IT-related products.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, T.R. Lee, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: The influences of stress triaxiality on ductile fracture have been emphasized to explain the geometry independent fracture resistance characteristics of specimens and structures during past two decades. For the estimation of this material behavior, two-parameter global approach and local approach can be used as case by case manner. Recently, the interests for the local approach and micro-mechanical damage model are increased again due to progress of computational environments. In this paper, the applicability of the local approach has been assessed through a series of finite element analyses incorporating both modified GTN model and Rousselier model. The ductile crack growth behaviors are examined to guarantee the transferability on different sizes and geometries of C(T) specimens and SE(T) specimens. The material fitting constants are determined from calibration of tensile tests and numerical analyses results, and used to simulate the fracture behaviors of typical specimens. Then, a comparison is drawn between the numerically estimated crack resistance curves and experimentally determined ones. The comparison results show a good agreement and the two damage models are regarded as promising solutions for ductile crack growth simulation.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, Jong Min Kim, Chang Sung Seok, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: The present work deals with an applicability of the local approach to assess in-plane size effects among different sized compact tension (CT) specimens. To characterize ductile crack growth of typical nuclear materials, SA515 Gr.60 and SA516 Gr.70 carbon steels, finite element analyses employing modified GTN and Rousselier models as well as fracture toughness tests were carried out. Material damage parameters were calibrated using standard CT specimens and reflected to predict fracture resistance (J-R) curves of larger CT specimens. Since comparison results between numerically estimated J-R curves and experimentally determined ones corresponded well, it is anticipated that the local approach might be used as a promising tool for ductile fracture evaluation incorporating the in-plane size effect.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, T.R. Lee, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim, Bong Sang Lee
Abstract: The scatter of measured fracture toughness data and transferability problems for specimens with different crack configurations and loading conditions are major obstacles for integrity assessment of ferritic steels in ductile-brittle transition region. To address these issues, recently, concerns for local approach adopting micro-mechanical damage models are being increased again in connection with a progress of computational technology. In this paper, cleavage fracture evaluation based on Weibull statistics was carried out for SA508 carbon steel. A series of three dimensional finite element analyses as well as corresponding fracture toughness tests were performed for 1T-CT and PCVN specimens at -60°C. Also, failure probability analyses for different configurations and sensitivity analyses for Weibull parameters were conducted. Thereby, promising results have been derived through comparison between measured and estimated fracture toughness data, which can be utilized to make the basis for demonstrating real safety margins of components containing defect.
Authors: Jae Young Nam, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim, Chang Ryul Pyo
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