Papers by Author: John J. Sansalone

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Authors: Carolina A. Pinto, Jo Dweck, John J. Sansalone, Frank K. Cartledge, L.T. Hamassaki, Francisco Rolando Valenzuela-Díaz, N.E.K. Albanez, Pedro M. Büchler
Abstract: This paper presents a study of a stabilization/solidification (S/S) process of a tannery waste containing chromium. In this process a mixture of cement, water and the waste is solidified during hydration of the former. Stabilization occurs by the reaction of the chromium components of the waste with the calcium hydroxide formed during the process. A rigid block is obtained with low hazardous of contamination of soil and groundwater after its disposal into industrial landfill. Mixtures were prepared adding dried tannery waste in 10, 15 and 20% of the Portland cement mass. Sodium bentonite and organoclays in 5 % of cement mass were used as additives. Solidified specimens were analyzed after 28 days of hydration time by solid-state 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and unconfined compressive strength analysis. The increase of tannery waste content and the presence of the additives reduce silica polymerization as well as the mechanical strength of the solidified bodies.
Authors: Carolina A. Pinto, John J. Sansalone, Jo Dweck, Frank K. Cartledge, Francisco Rolando Valenzuela-Díaz, Pedro M. Büchler
Abstract: Disposal or reuse of hazardous waste is a major consideration in chemical manufacturing and processing. Waste residuals from the tannery industry can contain high levels of chromium. Considered as a hazardous waste by the Brazilian environmental laws, the chromium-containing waste requires treatment before final disposal. This paper proposes a solution for the disposal of tannery wastes, which are rich in chromium by solidification in a Portland cement matrix using combinations of sodium bentonite and organoclay admixtures. This research is part of a series of experimental studies where Brazilian sodium bentonite, and organoclay materials are used to adsorb both inorganic and organic chromium. The solidified matrix is formed by Type II Portland cement, in which the hydration process stabilizes the tannery waste. Wyoming sodium bentonite and a commercial organoclay are analyzed and compared with the Brazilian clays. X-ray Diffraction is used to characterize the samples and leaching tests are performed to analyze the chromium concentration in the extract solution. In terms of leachate tests, the stabilization by solidification with cement is a process that can be used in the treatment of tannery waste.
Authors: Carolina A. Pinto, Francisco Rolando Valenzuela-Díaz, John J. Sansalone, Jo Dweck, Frank K. Cartledge, Pedro M. Büchler
Abstract: The leather industry creates a large quantity of organic and inorganic waste containing chromium. This research examines stabilization of particulate tannery waste in type II Portland cement. Several clays, Brazilian polycationic smectite modified in laboratory and commercial clays were used as additives with the aim of optimizing chromium adsorption. Tannery waste was added in quantities of 10, 15 and 20% relative to cement mass. The solidification components were analyzed separately and in combination in the solidified mixes using X ray diffraction. The analysis showed that reactions between the waste and the cement occurred, and that the tannery waste modified the final compounds of the system. Calcium sulfate present in the waste increased ettringite formation. Chromium also reacted with cement, since compounds with chromium and calcium were identified. Substitution of aluminum and silicon by chromium was also observed.
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