Papers by Author: Jozef Zrník

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Authors: Jozef Zrník, Michal Besterci, Ladislav Kovác, P. Horňak
1419
Authors: Jozef Zrník, Pavel Strunz, V. Vrchovinsky, O. Muránsky, P. Horňak, A. Wiedenmann
925
Authors: Jozef Zrník, Sergey V. Dobatkin, Ondrej Stejskal
Abstract: The article focuses on the results from recent experimental of severe plastic deformation of low carbon (LC) steel and medium carbon (MC) steel performed at increased temperatures. The grain refinement of ferrite respectively ferrite-pearlite structure is described. While LC steel was deformed by ECAP die (ε = 3) with a channel angle φ = 90° the ECAP severe deformation of MC steel was conducted with die channel angle of 120° (ε = 2.6 - 4). The high straining in LC steel resulted in extensively elongated ferrite grains with dense dislocation network and randomly recovered and polygonized structure was observed. The small period of work hardening appeared at tensile deformation. On the other side, the warm ECAP deformation of MC steel in dependence of increased effective strain resulted in more progressive recovery process. In interior of the elongated ferrite grains the subgrain structure prevails with dislocation network. As straining increases the dynamic polygonization and recrystallization became active to form mixture of polygonized subgrain and submicrocrystalline structure. The straining and moderate ECAP temperature caused the cementite lamellae fragmentation and spheroidzation as number of passes increased. The tensile behaviour of the both steels was characterized by strength increase however the absence of strain hardening was found at low carbon steel. The favourable effect of ferrite-pearlite structure modification due straining was reason for extended work hardening period observed at MC steel.
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Authors: Jozef Zrník, Ondrej Muránsky, Petr Sittner
Abstract: The paper presents results of in-situ neutron diffraction experiments aimed on monitoring the phase evolution and load distribution in transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) steel when subjected to tensile loading. Tensile deformation behaviour of two TRIP-assisted multiphase steel with slightly different microstructures resulted from different thermo-mechanical treatments applied was investigated by in-situ neutron diffraction. The steel with lower retained austenite volume fraction (fγ=0.04) and higher volume fraction of needle-like bainite in the α-matrix exhibits higher yield stress (sample B, 600MPa) but considerably lower elongation in comparison to the steel with higher austenite volume fraction (fγ=0.08), granular bainite and ferrite matrix (sample A, 500 MPa). The neutron diffraction results showed that the applied tensile load is redistributed at the yielding point in a way that the retained austenite bears a significantly larger load than the α-matrix during the TRIP steel deformation. Steel sample with higher volume fraction of retained austenite and less strong ferrite matrix proved to be a better TRIP steel with respect to strength, ductility and the side effect of the strain induced austenite-martensite transformation. The transforming retained austenite in time of loading provides potential for higher ductility of experimental TRIP steel but at the same time acts as a reinforcement phase during the further plastic deformation.TRIP steel, austenite conditioning, austenite transformation, structure, retained austenite, tensile deformation, neutron diffraction, load partitioning, mechanical properties.
25
Authors: Jozef Zrník, Ondrej Muránsky, Petr Šittner, E.C. Oliver
Abstract: The paper presents results of in-situ neutron diffraction experiments aimed on monitoring the phase evolution and load distribution in TRIP steel when subjected to tensile loading. Tensile deformation behaviour of TRIP steel with different initial microstructures showed that the applied tensile load is redistributed at the yield point and the harder retained austenite (Feγ) bears larger load then ferrite (Feα) matrix. After load partioning is finished, macroscopic yielding comes through simultaneous activity of the martensite transformation (in the austenite) and plastic deformation process in ferrite. The steel with higher volume fraction of retained austenite and less stronger ferrite appears to be a better TRIP steel having efficient structure for better plasticity purpose.
390
Authors: Panyawat Wangyao, Luksawee Phansri, Piyalak Hirisatja, Kritsayanee Saelor, Jozef Zrník, Zbysek Novy
Abstract: This research study has an aim to evaluate and investigate the effect of various rejuvenation heat treatments on microstructure of long-term serviced cast nickel base superalloy grade GTD-111 used as turbine blade material. The evaluated reheat treatment programs consist of solution treatment at 1195°C for 2, 3, 4 and 5 hours then following with primary aging at 1120C for 2 hours and secondary aging at 845°C for 25, 50, 75 and 100 hours, respectively. All reheat treated microstructures were examined and analyzed by SEM and image analyzer. From all obtained results, it was found that the most proper solution treatment duration was 5 hours to provide the most uniform microstructural characteristics, which consist of the uniform distribution of very dense gamma prime particles in the matrix as well as its highest hardness value. Furthermore, when increasing the duration at secondary aging at 845C over than 25 hours (which is according to standard heat treatment), such microstructure provided the most gamma prime phase stability comparing to those of other reheat treatment programs.
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Authors: Jozef Zrník, Sergey V. Dobatkin, Martin Fujda, Jan Džugan
Abstract: By application of thermomechanical controlled rolling and accelerated cooling, the carbon steel grain refinement is limited to levels of ~ 5 μm in steels. The strain assisted or strain induced transformation could be considered for the refining process. The present work, likewise, deals with grain refinement of medium carbon steel containing 0.45 wt pct carbon having different initial microstructure modified by either thermal and/or thermomechanical treatment (TM) prior severe plastic deformation. In case of TM treated steel, structure refinement was conducted in two steps. Preliminary structure refinement has been achieved due to multistep open die forging process which provided total strain of 3. Uniform and fine recrystallized ferrite structure with grain size of the order of 2-5 μm and with nest-like pearlite colonies was obtained. The further grain refinement of steel samples having different initial structure was accomplished during warm Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) at 400°C. The steel samples of different initial structure were then subjected to six ECAP pressing passes through die channel angle of 120°. The microstructure development was analyzed in dependence of effective strain introduced (εef ~ 2.5 - 4). Employment of this processing route resulted in extensive deformation of ferrite grains where mixture of subgrains and ultrafine grain was found regardless the preliminary treatment of steel. As straining increases the dynamic polygonization and recrystallization became active to form mixture of polygonized subgrains and submicrocrystalline grains having high angle boundaries. The straining and moderate ECAP temperature caused the partial cementite lamellae fragmentation and spheroidization as straining increased. The lamellae cementite spheroidization was more extensive in TM treated steel samples. The tensile behavior was characterized by strength increase for both structural steel states; however the work hardening behavior was modified in steel where preliminary TM treatment was introduced to modified coarse ferrite-pearlite structure.
2013
Authors: Jozef Zrník, Libor Kraus, Miroslav Cieslar, Peter Sláma
Abstract: In this study, the relationship between the structure and properties of commercial purityaluminium (AW-1199) was investigated by applying constrained groove pressing (CGP) method.The refinement of the coarse grain aluminium microstructure to submicrocrystalline size by largeplastic strain at room temperature defined. The impact of various strains upon microstructurechanges is investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron back scatterdiffraction (EBSD). A mixture of subgrains produced by grains subdivision and polygonizedsubgrains formed locally due to dynamic recovery was found in the deformed aluminium. Thetensile properties and resulting hardness are related to microstructural evolution induced by CGP. Asubstantial impact of straining upon the increasing in tensile strength was observed after the firstpass. Further strain increase had an insignificant effect on tensile strength but was accompanied byductility loss. The post deformation annealing effect was then explored with aim to increase theductility. The results indicate that changes in strength and ductility may be related to formation of abimodal structure.
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Authors: Jozef Zrník, Sergey Dobatkin, Libor Kraus
Abstract: The work presents the results on grains refinement of steel containing 0,45 wt pct carbon resulted from severe plastic deformation (SPD). Different steel structures from prior solutioning and/or thermomechanical treatment were prepared for deformation experimental. A coarse grain ferrite-pearlite structure was achieved applying solutioning. By application of thermomechanical (TM) controlled forging process, performing multistep open die forging, the refined ferrite-pearlite mixture was prepared. Final structure refinement of steel, having different initial structure, was then accomplished applying warm Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) at 400°C. Employment of this processing route resulted in extensive deformation of ferrite grains and cementite lamellae fragmentation. Applying the highest shear stress (εef - 4) the mixed structure of subgrains and ultrafine grains was present within the ferrite phase. In pearlite grains, modification of cementite lamellae due to shearing, bending, twisting and breaking was found efficient. The coarse cementite lamellae spheroidization was more efficient in prior TM treated steel. The tensile deformation records confirmed strength increase and diversity in strain hardening behaviour.
307
Authors: Jozef Zrník, Ondrej Muránsky, Petr Šittner
Abstract: The paper presents results of in-situ neutron diffraction experiments aimed on monitoring the phase evolution and load distribution in TRIP steel when subjected to tensile loading. Tensile deformation behaviour of TRIP steel with different initial microstructures showed that the applied tensile load is redistributed at the yield point and the harder retained austenite (Feγ) bears larger load then ferrite (Feα) matrix. After load partioning is finished, macroscopic yielding comes through simultaneous activity of the martensite transformation (in the austenite) and plastic deformation process in ferrite. The steel with higher volume fraction of retained austenite and less stronger ferrite appears to be a better TRIP steel having efficient structure for better plasticity purpose.
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