Papers by Author: Juan Xia Zhang

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Authors: Li Song, Hou Quan Zhang, Zheng Zhao Liang, Ming Ruo Jiao, Tian Hui Ma, Juan Xia Zhang, Liexian Tang
Abstract: Six types of numerical specimens containing two notches are set up to numerically investigate the effect of element size on rock shear strength and failure pattern using RFPA2D (rock failure process analysis) code. These specimens are of the same geometrical dimension 180 mm×180 mm and have been discretized into 61×61, 122×122, 183×183, 244×244, 305×305, and 366×366 elements.The width of notches is about 2.95 (180/61) mm and the length is 45mm. The specimens are placed in a direct shear box. A lateral confining pressure with a value of 0.15MPa is invariably loaded in the vertical direction and an increasing horizontal displacement with 0.002mm/step is applied in the horizontal direction. The whole shear failure progress and associated stress field for the specimens are visually represented. Results show that the crack propagation is mostly influenced by the stress field in the vicinity of the notch tip, the required element size would be necessary in order to obtain good results. In general, for a coarse mesh, the stress field close to the notch tip can’t be represented accurately and shear strength obtained by such discretisation is slightly higher than the accurate value. For a fine mesh, the notch tip spreads through a relatively large number of elements and the stress field in vicinity of notch tip is well represented by the finite element approximation, therefore the failure pattern is consistent with real physical fracture mode.
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Authors: Shu Hong Wang, Chun An Tang, Juan Xia Zhang, Wan Cheng Zhu
Abstract: This short paper will present a two-dimensional (2D) model of masonry material. This mesoscopic mechanical model is suitable to simulate the behavior of masonry. Considering the heterogeneity of masonry material, based on the damage mechanics and elastic-brittle theory, the new developed Material Failure Process Analysis (MFPA2D) system was brought out to simulate the cracking process of masonry, which was considered as a three-phase composite of the block phase, the mortar phase and the block-mortar interfaces. The crack propagation processes simulated with this model shows good agreement with those of experimental observations. It has been found that the shear fracture of masonry observed at the macroscopic level is predominantly caused by tensile damage at the mesoscopic level. Some brittle materials are so weak in tension relative to shear that tensile rather than shear fractures are generated in pure shear loading.
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Authors: Xu Chang, Junjie Liu, Chun An Tang, Yong Bin Zhang, Juan Xia Zhang
Abstract: Equally spaced opening-mode fractures always evolve in top layer attached to underlying layer. With a newly developed Material Failure Process Analysis code (MFPA2D), we have firstly investigated the stress distribution between two adjacent fractures as a function of the fracture-spacing-to-layer-thickness ratio using a two-layer model with a fractured top layer. The numerical results indicate the horizontal stress perpendicular to the fractures near the top surface changes from tensile to compressive when the fracture-spacing-to-layer-thickness ratio changes from greater than to less than a critical value. Then, the process from fracture initiation to fracture saturation is numerically modeled. The modeling of fracture process shows that the fractures initiate at the top surface and propagate to the interface between the two layers in the first stage. In the following stage, new fractures can infill between the earlier formed fractures and they always initiate at the interface and propagate to the top surface. Numerical simulation clearly demonstrates that the stress state transition precludes further infilling of fractures and the fracture spacing reaches a constant state, i.e. the so-called fracture saturation.
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Authors: Juan Xia Zhang, Chun An Tang, Xing Jie Hui, Wan Cheng Zhu, Zheng Zhao Liang, Yong Bin Zhang, Xian Zhang Guo
Abstract: A numerical code RFPA3D (Realistic Failure Process Analysis) is used to simulate the crack initiation and propagation in FRP-strengthened concrete beam under external loading. In our model, the FRP-strengthened concrete is assumed to be a three-phase composite composed of concrete, FRP, and interface between them. The displacement-controlled loading scheme is used to simulate the complete failure process of FRP-strengthened concrete the numerical simulation of failure process of the specimens. It is found that the main failure mode is the interfacial debonding and the interfacial debonding may propagate either within the adhesive layer or through concrete layer in the vicinity of bond interface. The simulation results agree well with the experiment observations. The width of the FRP sheet is considered an important factor not only to significantly influence the debonding propagation type and crack distribution but also to control the ultimate load-capacity and ultimate strain. This study is focused on the failure process of the FRP-strengthened concrete beam and the effects of the width of FRP sheet on the failure mode and on the structural load-carrying capacity of concrete structures.
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Authors: Juan Xia Zhang, Junjie Liu, Chun An Tang, Xu Chang, Shu Hong Wang, Wancheng Zu, Wen Zhao
Abstract: Reinforced concrete structures are generally designed to allow cracking under service loading. Accurate modeling of crack formation and propagation at lower load levels is therefore important. In this paper, a Material Failure Process Analysis code (MFPA2D) is used to model the crack initiation and propagation in reinforced concrete bridge pier subjected to eccentric loading. In our numerical model, the reinforced concrete is assumed to be a three-phase composite composed of concrete, reinforcement and interfaces between them. Numerically obtained results of cracking loads and global load-displacement response agree well with experimentally measured values. It has been found that the fracture of the concrete observed at the macroscopic level is predominated by tensile damage at the mesoscopic level.
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