Papers by Author: K.J. Liao

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Authors: C.L. Cao, Liang Fang, K.J. Liao, F.J. Wei, L. Li
Abstract: An angular velocity of flow sensor for liquids based on single-walled carbon nanotube thin films is presented. The carbon nanotubes in this study were fabricated on Si substrate by hot filament chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The experimental results showed that the flow-induced current on the surface of carbon nanotube thin films was closely depended upon the angular velocity, concentration, properties and temperature of the liquids. The current increased with increasing angular velocity, concentration and temperature of the liquids. In this study, the liquids such as water, NaCl solution and other electrolyte were flowing over the sensor. The results obtained were also discussed. The theoretical and experimental studies have shown that there was electronic friction and electron drag effect of carbon nanotubes in flowing liquids. This effect in carbon nanotubes can be used for a new flow sensor.
75
Authors: W.L. Wang, K.J. Liao, Jian Zhang, P. Yu, G.B. Liu
Abstract: In this paper, the optical properties and structure of CdS films were investigated by SEM, X-ray diffraction, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The CdS films in this study were deposited on the plane transparent glass by chemical bath deposition technique. The experimental results have shown that the annealing treatment has an important effect on the optical properties and structure of CdS films. This may be ascribed to decreasing surface contaminations and oxide content in the films.
3721
Authors: W.L. Wang, K.J. Liao, C. Cai, B.Y. Wan, C.G. Hu
Abstract: The gas sensitivity properties of carbon nanotubes were investigated. The carbon nanotubes in this study were fabricated by hot filament chemical vapor deposition using Ni/Fe catalyst. The sensor samples were treated by chemical etching using H2SO4/HNO3. The experimental results have shown that the electrical resistance of carbon nanotubes was sensitively changed on exposure to gaseous ambient containing ethanol and water vapor. It was found that the gas sensitivity of carbon nanotubes was greatly enhanced after chemical treatment. It was also shown that the response time of nanotube sensor was faster than that of usual sensors.
281
Authors: K.J. Liao, W.L. Wang, Y.T. Wang, J.W. Lu, X.L. Sun
Abstract: The field electron emission from carbon nanotube films on polycrystalline diamond films was investigated. The carbon nanotubes and diamond films on Si substrates were prepared by a conventional hot filament chemical vapour deposition. The films obtained were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The field emission properties of the samples were measured in an ion-pumped vacuum chamber at a pressure of 10-6 Pa.. The experimental results showed that the field emission behaviours of carbon nanotubes/diomond films structure have greatly been improved as compared with carbon nanotubes and diamond films, respectively. A turn-on field of 1.0 V/µm and a maximum current of 500 µA at 1.5 V/µm were observed, which were lower than those of carbon nanotubes and polycrystalline diamond films, respectively. This improvement was attributed to the tip shape of sample surface, which provided an additional local increase in electric field at the tube ends.
3587
Authors: K.J. Liao, W.L. Wang, C. Cai, J.W. Lu, C.G. Hu
Abstract: The electron field emission from carbon nanotubes on nanocrystalline diamond films was investigated. Carbon nanotubes and nano-diamond films were deposited on Si substrates by hot filament chemical vapor deposition. The experimental results showed that the carbon nanotubes on nanostructured films exhibited a lower value of the turn-on electric field than those of carbon nanotubes and nano-diamond. It was found that the turn-on field of nanotubes on nano-diamond was about 0.9V/μm, which was lower than those of carbon nanotubes and nano-diamond.
35
Authors: Y.T. Cui, Z.Y. Zhu, J.L. Chen, K.J. Liao, W.L. Wang, G.H. Wu
Abstract: We have performed the various measurements of the transformation strain with and without the different external magnetic fields on the Ni51.6Mn23.4Ga25 single crystals. A stress-free and two-way thermoelastic shape memory, with -1.15% strain (negative sign represents the shrinkage) and 6 K temperature hysteresis, has been found in the single crystal. The deformation can be enhanced up to -2.35% with a bias field 1.2 T applied along the measurement direction of the parent phase [001] crystallographic axial direction. Turning the field laterally applied to [010] and [100] directions of the parent phase, however, the strain was suppressed by the field of 1.2 T to 0.56% and –0.55%, respectively, a different deformation scene. Moreover, it is found that even the field of 1.2 T does not have a significant influence on the phase transition temperature and the temperature hysteresis, which indicates that the mechanism of field-enhanced strain in this material is the twin boundary motion.
2005
Authors: C.G. Hu, W.L. Wang, K.J. Liao, Y.T. Wang
Abstract: Electrochemical behaviors of epinephrine and ascorbic acid have been studied at the carbon nanotube electrode using cyclic voltammetry. Electrocatalysis has been found for epinephrine redox reactions at the carbon nanotube electrode in the comparison with the glassy carbon electrode. A well-defined oxidative peak for ascorbic acid was observed at the carbon nanotube electrode with the peak potential negative shift versus the glassy carbon electrode. Low level of epinephrine can be determined at the carbon nanotube electrode selectively with high sensitivity in the presence of a large excess of ascorbic acid in the acidic media and in the physiological pH buffer solution.
305
Authors: W.L. Wang, K.J. Liao, C. Cai, C.G. Hu, Y. Ma, J.W. Lu
Abstract: The piezoresistive effect in iodine-doped carbon nanotube films was investigated by a three-point bending test. Carbon nanotubes were synthesized by hot filament chemical vapor deposition. The experimental results showed that the gauge factor for I-doped and undoped carbon nanotube films under 500 microstrain was about 350 and 65 respectively at room temperature, exceeding that of polycrystalline silicon (30) at 35°C. The origin of the piezoresistivity in the films may be ascribed to a strain-induced change in the band gap for the doped tubes and the intertube contact resistance and defects for the undoped tubes.
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