Papers by Author: Kai Jin Huang

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Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Li Yan, Chang Sheng Xie
Abstract: Based on the principle of the higher surface-to-volume ratios, the higher formaldehyde gas sensitivity, different morphologies’s ZnO nanostructures have been synthesized by hydrother- mal method using different surfactants including polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), cetyltrimethyl ammon- ium bromide (CTAB), sodium tripolyp hosphate (STPP) and citric acid(CA). The crystal structur- es and morphologies were characterized by XRD and FESEM. The results show that different morphologies’s ZnO nanostructures were induced on the surface of alumina substrate, and the surfactants had an important effect on the morphologies of ZnO nanostructures and then affected the formaldehyde gas sensitivity. The ZnO nanorods with diameters of 100-500 nm and lengths of 200-900nm were obtained using PVA surfactant. The ZnO nanosheets with thickness of about 10nm were obtained using CTAB surfactant. The ZnO nanodisks with two layers and thickness of 5-10nm were obtained using STPP surfactant. The ZnO microspheres composed of thin flakes with thickness of about 10 nm were obtained using CA surfactant. The growth mechanisms of different morphologies’s ZnO nanostructures using different surfactants were given in detail. In addition, the formaldehyde gas sensitivities of different morphologies’s ZnO nanostructures were measured and showed the higher formaldehyde gas sensitivity compared with nano-ZnO without surfactant.
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Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Li Yan, Chang Sheng Xie
Abstract: The nano γ-Fe2O3/ZnO double-layer film gas sensor was fabricated by the screen printing technology and the hydrothermal method. XRD and SEM techniques were used to characterize the phases and morphologies of the film. The gas sensing properties of the gas sensor to ethanol were investigated. The result shows that the gas sensitivity of the gas sensor is higher than that of the nano γ-Fe2O3 single-layer film gas sensor and the nano ZnO single-layer film gas sensor. The high gas sensitivity of the nano γ-Fe2O3/ZnO double-layer film to ethanol was caused by the combined effect and nano effect.
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Authors: Kai Jin Huang
Abstract: Based on the integrated technologies of screen printing and hydrothermal method, this paper introduced a new integrative method with materials microstructure controlled growth and gas sensor fabrication. For example,based on space positioning using screen printing and ZnO nanwall with large specific surface area induced by hydrothermal method on the surface of ZnO film, the MnO2 doped nano ZnO coplanar plate-type gas sensor arrays with a good gas sensitivity to formaldehyde were fabricated successfully. The results show that the sensitivity to formaldehyde of MnO2 doped nano ZnO gas sensor arrays fabricated by hydrothermal method in 0.01mol/L Zn(NO3)2 solution, 95°C for 5h on the surface of MnO2 doped nano ZnO film and sintering at 500°C for 2h is higher than that of in distilled water. The existence of ZnO nanwall with large specific surface area induced by hydrothermal method on the surface of MnO2 doped nano ZnO film is the important reason of improvement for the sensitivity to formaldehyde.
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Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Shou Wei Ma, Fang Li Yuan
Abstract: The gas sensor with high ethanol gas sensitivity made of nano γ-Fe2O3/ZnO double-layer films was fabricated by the screen printing technology and the hydrothermal process with addition of citric acid (CA) surfactant based on Zn(NO3)2·6H2O and HMTA. XRD and SEM techniques were used to characterize the phases and morphologies of the films. The gas sensing properties of the gas sensor to ethanol were investigated. The result shows that the gas sensitivity of the nano γ-Fe2O3/ZnO double-layer films is higher than that of the nano γ-Fe2O3 single-layer film fabricated by the screen printing technology and the nano ZnO single-layer film fabricated by the hydrothermal process with addition of citric acid (CA) surfactant based on Zn(NO3)2·6H2O and HMTA, respectively. The high ethanol gas sensitivity of the nano γ-Fe2O3/ZnO double-layer films was caused by the nano effect and the special energy band structure
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Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Hou Guang Liu, Chang Rong Zhou
Abstract: To improve the corrosion property of magnesium alloys, Mg-based amorphous composite coatings have been fabricated on AZ91D magnesium alloy by laser cladding using mixed powders Mg65Cu25Y10/SiC. The microstructure of the coating was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The corrosion resistance of the coatings was tested in 3.5wt.% NaCl solution. The results show that the coatings mainly consist of amorphous and different crystalline phases. The coatings compared to AZ91D magnesium alloy exhibit good corrosion resistance because of the presence of the amorphous phase in the coatings.
758
Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Hua Rui Jiang, Xin Lin
Abstract: To improve the wear property of 00Cr13Ni4Mo hydro turbine blade stainless steel, Ni-based composite coatings were fabricated on 00Cr13Ni4Mo stainless steel by laser cladding using mixed powders of Ni60, WC and TiN. The microstructure of the coatings was characterized by XRD and SEM techniques. The wear resistance of the coatings was evaluated under dry sliding wear condition at room temperature. The results show that the coatings mainly consist of Ni-based solid solution, WC and TiN phases. The coatings exhibit excellent wear resistance due to its high hardness of WC and TiN phases. The main wear mechanisms of the coatings and the 00Cr13Ni4Mo sample are different, the former is abrasive wear and the latter is adhesive wear.
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Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Yu Yue Wang
Abstract: To improve the wear propery of 00Cr13Ni4Mo hydro turbine blade stainless steel, TiN-based coating was fabricated on 00Cr13Ni4Mo stainless steel by laser cladding using mixed powders of Ni60 and TiN. The microstructure of the coating was characterized by XRD and SEM techniques. The wear behaviour of the coating was also investigated. The wear resistance of the coating was evaluated under dry sliding wear condition at room temperature. The results show that the coating mainly consists of Ni-based solid solution and TiN phases. The coating exhibits excellent wear resistance due to its high hardness of TiN phase. The main wear mechanisms of the coating and the 00Cr13Ni4Mo sample are different, the former is abrasive wear and the latter is adhesive wear.
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Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Cun Shan Wang, Chang Sheng Xie
Abstract: To improve the wear property of magnesium alloy, wear-resistant TiC and in-situ ZrC co-reinforced Zr-based amorphous composite coating has been fabricated on AZ91D magnesium alloy by laser cladding using mixed powders of Zr52.5Cu17.9Ni14.6Al10Ti5-TiC. The microstructure of the coating was characterized by XRD and SEM techniques. The wear resistance of the coating was evaluated under dry sliding wear test condition. The results show that the coating mainly consists of amorphous and different crystalline phases. The coating exhibits excellent wear resistance due to the recombination action of amorphous and crystalline phases, and the wear resistance improves further with the increase of TiC content. The main wear mechanism of the coating and the AZ91D sample are different, the former is abrasive wear and the latter is adhesive wear.
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Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Hou Guang Liu, Chang Rong Zhou
Abstract: To improve the corrosion property of magnesium alloys, Zr-based amorphous composite coatings have been fabricated on AZ91D magnesium alloy by laser cladding using mixed powders Zr55Al10Ni5Cu30/SiC. The microstructure of the coating was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The corrosion resistance of the coatings was tested in 3.5wt.% NaCl solution. The results show that the coatings mainly consist of amorphous and different crystalline phases. The coatings compared with AZ91D magnesium alloy exhibit good corrosion resistance because of the presence of the amorphous phase in the coatings.
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Authors: Kai Jin Huang, Chao Dong Tan, Chang Rong Zhou
Abstract: To improve the wear property of magnesium alloys, Zr-based amorphous composite coatings have been fabricated on AZ91D magnesium alloy by laser cladding using mixed powders Zr55Al10Ni5Cu30/SiC. The microstructure of the coating was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The wear resistance of the coatings was evaluated under dry sliding wear test condition at room temperature. The results show that the coatings mainly consist of amorphous and different crystalline phases. The coatings exhibit excellent wear resistance due to the recombination action of amorphous and different crystalline phases. The main wear mechanism of the coatings and the AZ91D sample are different, the former is abrasive wear and the latter is adhesive wear.
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