Papers by Author: Kai Yin Zhang

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Authors: Hai Qian Cheng, Qing Hua Cheng, Kai Yin Zhang
Abstract: The pre-stressed friction loss formula in bending channel recommended by Bridge Rules was based on the uniform distribution hypothesis of contact pressure. From some conflicts in application of the formula, the non-uniform distribution law of the contact pressure was revealed. On the basis of elastic contact analysis, two types of non-uniform distribution hypothesis were proposed, including cosine and second-degree parabola distribution. Then the contact positive pressure expressions were derived respectively and the frictional resistance was calculated to compare with the calculated value under the uniform distribution. The results indicate that the friction resistance under any non-uniform distribution of positive pressure is less than under the uniform distribution. So the uniform distribution assumption of contact pressure does not cause Bridge Specifications formula underestimate friction loss. It is necessary to do further research on the applicability of Coulomb’s law under the contact conditions in the curved channel.
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