Papers by Author: Kato Masaki

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Authors: Kato Masaki, Tetsuya Imamaura, Miho Fukatsu, Hirota Ken
Abstract: We study the synthesis and physical properties of Pb2-xLnxRu2O7- (Ln = Sm, Eu) compounds with pyrochlore structure. The lead-lanthanoid pyrochlores Pb2-xLnxRu2O7- (Ln = Sm, Eu) have been successfully synthesized by the solid-state reaction. All samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, magnetic susceptibility, and electrical resistivity measurements. Magnetic susceptibility measurements showed that the spin-glass transition temperature, TSG, decreases with Ln content x and goes to zero at x = 0.2 and 0.6 for Sm and Eu, respectively. From electric resistivity measurements, a crossover from metallic to semiconducting behavior was observed in the range of 0.2 ≤ x ≤ 0.4 and 0.4 ≤ x ≤ 0.8 in Pb2-xSmxRu2O7- and Pb2-xEuxRu2O7-, respectively. These boundaries between metallic and insulating phases mostly correspond to values of x with TSG = 0. These metal-insulator transitions can be caused by the strongly correlated couplings between the itinerant 4d electrons which are possibly attributed to the magnetic frustration.
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Authors: Hirota Ken, Takaya Endo, Kato Masaki, Shingo Nakane, Toshiyuki Nishimura, Yoshiaki Morisada, Kiyoshi Mizuuchi
Abstract: Dense zirconium boride (ZrB2)-based materials with and without tungsten (W) have been fabricated directly from mixtures of constituent elemental powders by pulsed electric current pressure sintering (PECPS) at 1800°C for 10 min under 30 MPa in a vacuum. Formation processes of monolithic, W-doped ZrB2 solid solutions (Zr1-xWx)B2 (0
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Authors: Hirota Ken, Takaoka Katsuya, Murase Yasushi, Kato Masaki
Abstract: Synthesis of dense materials with the compositions of Al2O3/Mo2N=100/0 ~ 40/60 vol% has been attempted directly from Al2O3/Mo mixed raw powder compacts using capsule-free N2 hot isostatic pressing (HIP). During HIPing [1500°C/(16~20)MPa]/1h], solid/gas reaction between Mo and N2 was introduced to form Mo2N. Most sintered composites consisting of only Al2O3 and Mo2N phases reached a higher relative density than 98.0% with closed pores nevertheless capsule-free HIPing. Distribution of Mo2N particles just formed suppressed the grain growth of Al2O3 during sintering. Mechanical properties, such as bending strength (Σb), Vickers hardness (HV), fracture toughness (K1C), and other properties have been evaluated as a function of their compositions. The best mechanical values of Σb (c.a. 573 MPa), HV (c.a. 20.3 GPa) and K1C (c.a. 5.00 MPa・m1/2) were attained at the composition of Al2O3/Mo2N=90/10 vol%, due to a high density (98.6%) and small grain size of Al2O3 matrix (Gs c.a. 4.70 μm). Further addition of Mo2N reduced the sinterability of matrix grains, resulting in low densities of around 90% at the 40/60 vol% composition.
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