Papers by Author: M.A. Abdel-Rahman

Paper TitlePage

Authors: M.A. Abdel-Rahman, M.S. Abdallah, N.M. Hassan, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: Positron annihilation lifetime is one of the most important nuclear techniques, used to study the isochronal and isothermal annealing in one of the most important engineering aluminum alloys which is 2024 alloy. Samples of 25 % deformation have been used for these studies. Two recovery stages during the isochronal annealing [1] were observed which were ascribed to the recovery of point defects and dislocations introduced by the deformation. The isothermal annealing measurements were performed at 583, 603, 623 and 643 K from which the activation energy obtained was 1.24 ± 0.08 eV.
11
Authors: Ahmed G. Attallah, M.A. Abdel-Rahman, M. El-Sayed, A.A. Ibhraim, S.A. Aly, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: The electrical resistivity and the corresponding mechanical properties (hardness) of some 5xxx Al-Mg alloy processed by plastic deformation were investigated. Plastic deformation was performed at room temperature. Isothermal annealing produced a significant change in both the electrical and mechanical properties of the samples. As the annealing time was increased, the resistivity and hardness up to full recovery. The activation enthalpy of migration of defects was determined, was found to be 0.234±0.06 eV, 0.218±0.049 eV, 0.316±0.016 eV 0.232±0.012 eV for 5005, 5251, 5052 and 5754 alloys, respectively.
29
Authors: M.A. Abdel-Rahman, Alaa El-Deen, Alaa El-Deen A. El-Nahhas, Yahia A. Lotfy, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: Many aluminum-based alloys are strengthened by a heat treatment process known as age hardening. The aim of this work was to produce a high-strength 6xxx series aluminum alloy by adjusting the processing conditions, namely solutionizing and artificial aging. It consists of heating the alloy to a temperature at which the soluble constituents will form an homogeneous mass by solid diffusion, holding the mass at that temperature until diffusion takes place, then quenching the alloy rapidly to retain the homogeneous condition. In the quenched condition, heat-treated alloys are supersaturated solid solutions that are comparatively soft and workable, and unstable; depending upon the composition. After solution treatment and quenching, hardening is achieved either at room temperature (natural aging) or by precipitation heat treatment at a suitable temperature (artificial aging). Precipitation heat treatments are generally low-temperature long-term processes. Temperatures range from 115 to 190°C and times vary from 5 to 48 h. Choice of time-temperature cycles for precipitation heat treatment should receive careful consideration. The objective is to select the cycle that produces the optimum precipitate size and distribution pattern. The mechanical characterization of heat-treatable 6xxx (Al-Mg-Si-Cu based) 6063 wrought aluminum alloys was studied. Their effects were investigated in terms of the microstructure, using positron annihilation lifetime techniques and mechanical properties monitoring via Vickers hardness measurements. The hardness is the resistance of a material to plastic deformation, which gives it the ability to resist deformation when a load is applied. The greater the hardness of the material, the greater the resistance it has to deformation. The hardness of 6063 alloy has its maximum value (58) when aged for 8 hours at 175oC after quenching from 520oC; which is the solution temperature of this alloy. The hardness conformed to the literature. We also test the aging ability of the 1xxx aluminum alloy: 1050.
31
Authors: Emad A. Badawi, M.A. Abdel-Rahman, Alaa El-Deen A. El-Nahhas, M. Abdel-Rahman
Abstract: Many Aluminum-based alloys are strengthened by using a heat-treatment process known as age-hardening. The aim of this work was to produce a high-strength 6xxx-series Aluminum alloy by adjusting the processing conditions, namely solutionizing and artificial aging. It consists of heating the alloy to a temperature at which the soluble constituents will form an homogeneous mass via solid diffusion, holding the mass at that temperature until diffusion takes place, then quenching the alloy rapidly to retain the homogeneous condition. In the quenched condition, heat-treated alloys are supersaturated solid solutions that are comparatively soft and workable, and unstable, depending upon the composition. After solution treatment and quenching, hardening is achieved either at room temperature (natural aging) or via a precipitation heat treatment at a suitable temperature (artificial aging). Precipitation heat treatments are generally low-temperature, long-term processes. Temperatures range from 115 to 190C; times vary from 5 to 48 h. The choice of time-temperature cycles for precipitation heat treatment should receive careful consideration. The objective is to select the cycle that produces an optimum precipitate size and distribution pattern. The mechanical characterization of heat-treatable 6xxx (Al-Mg-Si-Cu based) 6066 wrought aluminum alloys was studied. Their effects were investigated in terms of microstructure using positron annihilation lifetime techniques and monitoring the mechanical properties by mean of Vickers hardness measurements. The hardness is the resistance of a material to plastic deformation, and gives it the ability to resist deformation when a load is applied. The greater the hardness of the material, the greater resistance it has to deformation. The Vickers hardness of 6066 alloy has its maximum value (98) when aged for (10) hours at (175C) after quenching at 530C; so this temperature is the solution temperature of this alloy .The hardness conformed to reference values.
15
Authors: Abdullah A. Refaey, M. El-Sayed, M.A. Abdel-Rahman, N.A. Kamel, Yahia A. Lotfy, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: The Objective of this Research Was to Investigate the Use of a Sensor System to Monitor Continuously the Defect Formation Response of Heat-Treatable Aluminum Alloys. the System Continuously Monitors a Material Property, Resistivity, which Is Indicative of the Quenching Process. such Studies Will Allow us to Gain Active Control of the Aging Process and Hence the Material Properties of Aluminum Alloys.
55
Authors: Emad A. Badawi, M.A. Abdel-Rahman, Alaa El-Deen A. El-Nahhas
Abstract: The aim of this work is to establish a correlation coefficient between the positron annihilation lifetime technique (PALS) and the Vickers hardness for the heat treatable aluminum alloys (6066, 6063).The potential of positron annihilation spectroscopy in the study of light alloys is illustrated with special regards to age hardening, severe plastic deformation, annealing and quenching in aluminum alloys. Vickers hardness is the standard method for measuring the hardness of metals, particularly those with extremely hard surfaces. Accordingly, a correlation coefficient of 90 % between τ and Hv is obtained. This correlation can help us to explain many behaviors of these alloys under deferent conditions.
129
Authors: M.A. Abdel-Rahman, M. Elsayed, Ahmed G. Attallah, A.A. Ibrahim, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: The result of positron lifetime measurements of a defected 5251 Al alloy is reported. Positron lifetime is measured as a function of the thickness reduction of the sample which shows a nearly linear increase and then becomes constant; which can be considered to be a reason for the defect movement saturation. The trapping rate, trapping efficiency, trapping cross-section, defect concentration and defect density of positrons are also measured for the sample concerned. The behaviors of these parameters are matched with theoretical calculations. Data are analyzed using the PATFIT88 computer program.
17
Authors: M.A. Abdel-Rahman, N.A. Kamel, M. Abdel-Rahman, M. Abo-Elsoud, Yahia A. Lotfy, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: Positron Annihilation Doppler Broadening Spectroscopy (PADPS) is one of the nuclear techniques used in material science. PADPS measurements are used to study the behavior of defect concentration and dislocation density in a set of 3003 and 3005 wrought aluminum alloy. It has been shown that positrons can become trapped at imperfect locations in solids. The S-parameter can be influenced by changes in the concentration of such defects. There is no observed change in the Sparameter values after the saturation of defect concentration. The S-parameter and trapping rates for the samples deformed up to 10 percent were studied. The concentration of defect range varies from 1017 to 1018 cm-3 and from 1016 to 1017 cm-3 for 3003 and 3005 wrought Al alloy respectively. While trapping rate range varies from 1 x1010 to 1.2x1011 s-1 for 3003 and from 1 x109 to 1.2x1010 s-1 for 3005 wrought Al alloy.
79
Authors: M. Abdel-Rahman, N.A. Kamel, Yahia A. Lotfy, Emad A. Badawi, M.A. Abdel-Rahman
Abstract: Positron Annihilation Doppler Broadening Spectroscopy (PADPS) is a nondestructive technique used in materials science. Electrical measurements are one of the oldest techniques also used in materials science. This paper aims to discuss the availability of using both PADPS and electrical measurements as diagnostic techniques to detect defects in a set of plastically deformed 5454 wrought aluminum alloys. The results of the positron annihilation measurements and the electrical measurements were analyzed in terms of the two-state trapping model. This model can be used to investigate both the defect and dislocation densities of the samples under investigation. Results obtained by both nuclear and electrical techniques have been reported.
1
Showing 1 to 10 of 24 Paper Titles