Papers by Author: M.J.R. Barboza

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Authors: Danieli A.P. Reis, Carlos de Moura Neto, Antônio Augusto Couto, Cosme Roberto Moreira Silva, Francisco Piorino Neto, M.J.R. Barboza
Abstract: Thermomechanical and electrical properties of zirconia-based ceramics have led to a wide range of advanced and engineering ceramic applications like solid electrolyte in oxygen sensors, fuel cells and furnace elements and its low thermal conductivity has allowed its use for thermal barrier coatings for aerospace engine components. A comparison between CoNiCrAlY bond coat and zirconia plasma sprayed coatings on creep tests of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy was studied. The material used was commercial Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Yttria (8 wt.%) stabilized zirconia (YSZ) with a CoNiCrAlY bond coat was atmospherically plasma sprayed on Ti-6Al-4V substrates by Sulzer Metco Type 9 MB. Constant load creep tests were conducted on a standard creep machine in air on coated samples, at stress levels of 520 MPa at 500°C to evaluate the oxidation protection on creep of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Results indicate that the creep resistance of the ceramic coating was greater than metallic coating.
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Authors: Claudinei dos Santos, Kurt Strecker, M.J.R. Barboza, Sandro Aparecido Baldacim, Francisco Piorino Neto, Olivério Moreira Macedo Silva, Cosme Roberto Moreira Silva
Abstract: The creep behavior of hot-pressed Si3N4 ceramics was investigated. The proposal of this work is to investigate the use of yttrium-rare earth oxide mixture, CRE2O3, produced at FAENQUIL, as sintering additive, since the cost of production of this material is 80% inferior to Y2O3. These ceramics were obtained by uniaxial hotpressing using different additive contents and mixtures (CRE2O3-Al2O3 or CRE2O3- AlN). Compressive creep tests were carried out at 13000C and 300 MPa, in air. The Si3N4-CRE2O3-Al2O3 ceramics demonstrated that the creep resistance is inversely proportional to the additive content. Mixtures with high intergranular phase content presented low creep resistance due to high oxidation and more pronounced softening of the intergranular phase. Si3N4-CRE2O3-AlN ceramics demonstrated better creep resistance with a steady-state creep rate of 7 x 10-8 s-1. This behavior is related to the a-SiAlON content, a solid solution of Si3N4 that incorporates a great fraction of intergranular phase, decreasing the amount of intergranular phase.
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Authors: Claudinei dos Santos, Kurt Strecker, M.J.R. Barboza, Sandro Aparecido Baldacim, Francisco Piorino Neto, Olivério Moreira Macedo Silva, Cosme Roberto Moreira Silva
Abstract: a−SiAlON (a’) is a solid solution of a−Si3N4, where Si and N are substituted by Al and O, respectively. The principal stabilizers of the a’-phase are Mg, Ca, Y and rare earth cations. In this way, the possible use of the yttrium-rare earth oxide mixture, CRE2O3, produced at FAENQUIL, in obtaining these SiAlONs was investigated. Samples were sintered by hotpressing at 17500C, for 30 minutes, using a sintering pressure of 20 MPa. Creep behavior of the hot-pressed CRE-a-SiAlON/b-Si3N4 ceramic was investigated, using compressive creep tests, in air, at 1280 to 1340 0C, under stresses of 200 to 350 MPa, for 70 hours. This type of ceramic exhibited high creep and oxidation resistance. Its improved high-temperature properties are mainly due to the absence or reduced amount of intergranular phases, because of the incorporation of the metallic cations from the liquid phase formed during sintering into the Si3N4 structure, forming a a’/b composite.
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Authors: Tarcila Sugahara, Karina Martinolli, Danieli A.P. Reis, Carlos de Moura Neto, Antônio Augusto Couto, F. Piorino Neto, M.J.R. Barboza
Abstract: A superalloy is an alloy developed for elevated temperature service, where relatively severe mechanical stressing is encountered, and where high surface stability is frequently required. High temperature deformation of Ni-base superalloys is very important since the blades and discs of aero engine turbine, because need to work at elevated temperature for an expected long period. The nickel-base alloy Inconel 718 has being investigated because it is one of the most widely used superalloys. The objective of this work was to evaluate the creep behavior of the Inconel 718 focusing on the determination of the experimental parameters related to the primary and secondary creep states. Constant load creep tests were conducted with at 650, 675 and 700°C and the range of stress was from 625 to 814 MPa to according to ASTM E139 standard. The relation between primary creep time and steady-state creep rate, obeyed the equation for both atmospherics conditions at 650, 675 and 700°C. The microstructural characterization employing the technique of scanning electron microscopy has been a valuable tool for understanding the mechanisms of creep.
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Authors: Danieli A.P. Reis, Carlos de Moura Neto, M.J.R. Barboza, H.R. Silva, Cosme Roberto Moreira Silva, Antônio Augusto Couto
Abstract: The proposal of this research has been the study of the plasma spayed coating on creep of the Ti-6Al-4V, focusing on the determination of the experimental parameters related to the first and second creep stages. Yttria (8 wt %) stabilized zirconia (YSZ) (Metco 204B-NS) with CoNiCrAlY ( AMDRY 995C) has been plasma sprayed coated on Ti-6Al-4V substrate. Creep tests with constant load had been done on Ti-6Al-4V coated samples, the stress level was from 250 to 319 MPa at 600 °C. Highest values of tp and the decrease of the second stage rate had shown a better creep resistance on coated sample. Results indicate that the coated sample was greater than uncoated sample, thus the plasma sprayed coating prevent the sample oxidation efficiently.
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Authors: Claudinei dos Santos, Kurt Strecker, M.J.R. Barboza, Francisco Piorino Neto, Olivério Moreira Macedo Silva, Cosme Roberto Moreira Silva
Abstract: Commercial α−Si3N4, Al2O3 and a mixed yttrium and rare earth oxides, RE2O3, were used as starting-powders. Powder batches were milled using different Al2O3/RE2O3 contents, as additive. Hot-pressing was done at 1750oC-30 min-20MPa in N2 atmosphere. Specimens neat to 6x3x3mm3 were polished and characterized by XRD and SEM. Specimens were submitted to creep tests, under compressive stresses between 100 and 350 MPa at temperatures ranging from 1250 to 1300oC in air. Higher additive amounts resulted in larger grains of higher aspect ratios and in a decreased anisotropy in the hot-pressed ceramics. The compressive creep behavior depends on the intergranular phase content. While higher amounts of additives resulted in higher creep rates, • ε , and higher stress exponents, n, the activation energy Qss, has been inferior for samples with lower additive contents. Grain sliding has been identified to be the predominant mechanism responsible for creep deformation of these ceramics.
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Authors: L.A.N.S. Briguente, Antônio Augusto Couto, Nara Miranda Guimarães, Danieli A.P. Reis, Carlos de Moura Neto, M.J.R. Barboza
Abstract: Ti-6Al-4V is the most used of titanium alloy and presents some important properties as metallurgical stability, high specific strength, corrosion and creep resistance [. The aim of this study is to evaluate the creep behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy with equiaxed and bimodal microstructures and determine the creep parameters of Ti-6Al-4V in these conditions. It was used a Ti-6Al-4V alloy forged and annealed at 190°C for 6 hours and cooled in air. The material in this condition shows an equiaxed microstructure. For bimodal microstructure, the material was heat-treated at 950°C for 60 minutes and cooled in water until room temperature. After this the material was heat-treated at 600°C for 24 hours and cooled in air until room temperature. Creep tests were performed at 600°C in stress conditions of 125, 250 and 319 MPa at constant load. The alloy with Bimodal microstructure shows higher creep resistance with a longer life time in creep.
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Authors: Tarcila Sugahara, L.A.N.S. Briguente, L.M. Yogi, Danieli A.P. Reis, Carlos de Moura Neto, M.J.R. Barboza, Antônio Augusto Couto
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the resistance of a Ti-6Al-4V alloy in creep after heat treatments. It was used a Ti-6Al-4V alloy in cylindrical bars forms, forged condition and annealing at 190oC for 6 hours and cooled in air. The microstructure of Ti-6Al-4V alloy was evaluated after heat treatment and was submitted to creep tests at 600oC and stress conditions from 125 to 319 MPa at constant load. The Widmanstätten structure was obtained by heat treatment. Yttria (8 wt.%) stabilized zirconia (YSZ) with a CoNiCrAlY bond coat was atmospherically plasma sprayed on Ti-6Al-4V substrates by Sulzer Metco Type 9 MB. The alloy with Widmanstätten structure and ceramic coating shows greater resistance to creep and oxidation with a longer life time in creep. At higher stress condition, 600°C and 319 MPa, the Ti-6Al-4V alloy with ceramic coating didn’t show higher creep resistance. This condition presented higher tp value and the value. It occurred because at high stress condition the coating is very fragile, decreasing your creep resistance.
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Authors: Luiz A. Bicalho, R.C. Souza, Claudinei dos Santos, M.J.R. Barboza, Carlos Antonio Reis Pereira Baptista
Abstract: In this work the cyclic fatigue life of 3mol.%Y2O3-stabilized zirconia polycrystalline ceramics, doped with 5%wt 3CaO.P2O5,-SiO2-MgO, has been investigated. Samples with 5 and 10%wt were cold uniaxial pressed (80MPa) and sintered in air at 1200 and 1300oC for 120 minutes. Sintered samples were characterized by X-Ray diffraction and Scanning Electronic Microscopy. Hardness and fracture toughness were determined using Vicker’s indentation method, and Modulus of Rupture was determined by four-point bending testing. Furthermore, the cyclic fatigue tests were also realized by four-point bending tests, under frequency of 25 Hz and stress ratio, R, of 0.1, for the best condition. In this condition, highly dense samples were obtained and presented values of hardness, fracture toughness and bending strength of 11.3 ±0.1GPa, 6.1±0.4MPa.m1/2 and 320±55MPa, respectively. The increasing of stress level leads to decreasing of the number of cycles and the number of run-out specimens. The stress induced tetragonal-monoclinic (t-m)-ZrO2 transformation, observed by X-Ray diffraction, contributes to the increasing of the fatigue life. Samples 3Y-TZP presents clearly a range of loading conditions where cyclic fatigue can be detected.
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Authors: Danieli A.P. Reis, Cosme Roberto Moreira Silva, Maria do Carmo de Andrade Nono, M.J.R. Barboza, Francisco Piorino Neto, R.A. Vieira
Abstract: The titanium affinity by oxygen is one of main factors that limit the application of their alloys as structural materials at high temperatures. Notables advances have been obeserved in the development of titanium alloys with the objective of improving the specific high temperature strength and creep-resistance properties. However, the surface oxidation limits the use of these alloys in temperatures up to 600°C. The objective of this work was estimate the influence of the plasma-sprayed coatings for oxidation protection on creep of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy, focusing on the determination of the experimental parameters related to the primary and secondary creep states. Constant load creep tests were conducted with Ti-6Al-4V alloy in air for coated and uncoated samples and in nitrogen atmosphere for uncoated samples at 500°C to evaluate the oxidation protection on creep of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Yttria (8 wt.%) stabilized zirconia (YSZ) with a CoNiCrAlY bond coat was atmospherically plasma sprayed on Ti-6Al-4V specimens. Results indicated the creep resistance of the coated alloy was greater than uncoated in air, but nitrogen atmosphere was more efficient in oxidation protection. Previously reported results about the activation energies and the stress exponents values indicate that the primary and stationary creep, for both test conditions, was probably controlled by dislocation climb. Occurred a decreasing of steady state creep in function of the reduction of oxidation process, showing that Ti-6Al-4V alloy lifetime was strongly affected by the atmosphere due the oxidation suffered by the material.
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