Papers by Author: M. Reda Berrahmoune

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Authors: M. Reda Berrahmoune, Sophie Berveiller, Karim Inal, Etienne Patoor, Christian R. Simon, Jean-Christophe Glez
Abstract: The main objective of this work is to contribute to the study of the 301LN unstable austenitic stainless steel by determining the distribution of residual stresses after deep drawing, taking into account the phase transformation. In the first part, kinetics of martensitic transformation are determined for uniaxial loading. Tensile tests are performed at different pre-strains at room temperature for two different strain rates. The austenite/martensite content is measured by X-ray diffraction and is coupled with the determination of residual stresses distribution. In addition, to establish a relation between the complex loading path effect and the residual stresses state, deep drawing are done for different drawing ratios for two different temperatures. Macroscopic tangential residual stresses are determined by the separation technique. It appears that the residual stresses increase with increasing drawing ratios and the maximum value is located at middle height of the cup.
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Authors: M. Reda Berrahmoune, Sophie Berveiller, Karim Inal, Etienne Patoor
Abstract: In this study, residual stresses state at different scales in the 301LN unstable austenitic steel after deep drawing was determined. The first part of the work deals with the characterization of the martensitic transformation during uniaxial loading. The austenite/martensite content which was determined by X-Ray Diffraction increases until a maximum of 0.6 for 30% strain. Internal stress distribution was determined by coupling in-situ tensile tests with sin²ψ method. As soon as martensite appears, the magnitudes of the internal stresses in this phase were found to be 400 MPa higher than in the austenite. To establish a relation between the complex loading path effect and the phase stress state, deep drawing tests were carried out for different drawing ratios. Both macroscopic tangential residual stresses and residual stresses in the martensite were determined. It appears that the macroscopic tangential residual stresses are positive and increase with increasing drawing ratios and the maximum value is located at middle height of the cup. It is about 850MPa for the Drawing Ratio (DR)=2.00. The tangential residual stresses in the martensite were found to be positive in the external face and have a same evolution as the macroscopic ones.
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