Papers by Author: Mahmoud Farzin

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Authors: Reza Jafari Nedoushan, Mahmoud Farzin
Abstract: One of the Remarkable Differences between Mechanical Behavior of Nano-Crystalline and Coarse-Grained Materials Is Tension Compression Asymmetry that Has Been Experienced in Nano-Crystalline Materials. In this Paper a Constitutive Model Is Proposed which Considers Dominant Operative Deformation Mechanisms of Nano-Crystalline Materials Including Grain Interior Plasticity, Grain Boundary Diffusion and Grain Boundary Sliding. A Grain Size Dependent Taylor Type Polycrystalline Model Is Used to Predict Grain Interior Deformation. Three Dimensional Relationships Are Proposed to Relate Macro Stress and Strain Rate in Grain Boundary Mechanisms. The Effect of Normal Stress Acting on a Boundary Is Also Considered in Grain Boundary Sliding, Therefore, Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure Is Included in the Model. The Proposed Model Is Used to Predict Strength of Nano-Crystalline Copper in both Tension and Compression and Good Results Are Obtained Comparing with Experimental Data. The Model Also Predicts Various Behaviors of Nano-Crystalline Materials Observed in Literature's Experiments and Molecular Dynamic Simulations. Some Examples Are: Inverse Hall-Petch Effect; Tension and Compression Maximum Strength Grain Sizes; Tension Compression Asymmetry and its Change Vs. Grain Size and Strain Rate and the Yield Locus Shape.
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Authors: Reza Jafari Nedoushan, Mahmoud Farzin, Mohammad Mashayekhi
Abstract: Recent Experiments on Nano-Crystalline Materials Show an Increase of Strain-Rate Sensitivity in Contrast to the Conventional Coarse-Grained Materials. these Materials Also Show a Different Grain Size Dependency as Compared to Coarse-Grained Materials. to Explain these Issues, a Constitutive Equation Is Proposed which Considers Dominant Deformation Mechanisms Including Grain Interior Plasticity, Grain Boundary Diffusion and Grain Boundary Sliding. the Stresses Obtained from these Constitutive Equations Match Well with the Experimental Data for Nanocrystalline Copper at Different Strains and Strain Rates. the Model Also Well Predicts Variation of Strain Rate Sensitivity Parameter. this Variation Can Be Explained with Regard to the above Mentioned Effective Deformation Mechanisms. Deviation from the Hall-Petch Law and Inverse Hall-Petch Effect Are Also Well Illustrated by the Model.
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Authors: Mohsen Loh-Mousavi, Mehrdad Rostami, Mahmoud Farzin
Abstract: In recent years, laser forming of round plates into bowl or dome shapes by use of circular, radial and circular-radial patterns have been investigated. Usually formed circular plates using circular or linear patterns are distorted as asymmetric saddle shapes. In this study, a new flower pattern has been proposed to form round plates by laser. To make this pattern, the laser beam scans several petal paths on a circular blank. Laser forming of round plates by the proposed pattern have been studied by three dimensional finite element method. The results have been compared for the flower pattern and other conventional circular and radial pattern. In addition experiments have been conducted to verify the numerical results. The results show that the deformed parts by the petal path are more symmetrical in comparison with circular and radial patterns. It was found that in laser forming of dome-shaped parts, scanning by petal paths prevent distortion and increase the geometrical symmetry of deformed parts by laser. It was shown that laser radiation on petal paths improves the deformation process of laser forming of circular steel sheets.
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Authors: Babak Jamshidi, Farhad Haji Aboutalebi, Mahmoud Farzin, Mohammad Reza Forouzan
Abstract: Various thin-walled parts with fairly complex shapes are produced from sheet metals such as automotive panels and other structural parts. In these processes, damage and fracture may be observed on the work piece, and formability plays a fundamental role. Therefore, determination of forming limits and prediction of rupture modes in these operations is very important for process design engineers. In this paper, first, based on plane stress elasto-plasticity and finite strain theories a fully coupled elastic-plastic-damage model is used to predict damage evolution in one sheet metal forming process with nonlinear and complex strain paths. As the plane stress algorithm is valid for thin sheet metals and finite strain theory is recommended for large deformations or rotations, the model is able to quickly predict both deformation and damage behaviour of the parts with nonlinear and complex strain paths. The numerical simulations are compared with experimental tests. Comparison of the numerical and experimental results shows that the proposed damage model is accurate for various forming conditions. Hence, it is concluded that finite element method combined with continuum damage mechanics, can be used as a reliable and rapid tool to predict damage evolution in sheet metal forming processes with nonlinear and complex strain paths.
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Authors: Mahmoud Farzin, Reza Jafari Nedoushan, Mohammad Mashayekhi
Abstract: A constitutive model is proposed for simulations of hot forming processes. Dominant mechanisms in hot forming including inter-granular deformation, grain boundary sliding and grain boundary diffusion are considered in the constitutive model. A Taylor type polycrystalline model is used to predict inter-granular deformation. Previous works on grain boundary sliding and grain boundary diffusion are extended to drive three dimensional macro stress-strain rate relationships for each mechanism. In these relationships, the effect of grain size is also taken into account. It is shown that for grain boundary diffusion, stress-strain rate relationship obeys the Prandtl-Reuss flow rule. The proposed model is used to simulate step strain rate tests and the results are compared with experimental data. It is concluded that the model can be used to predict flow stress for various grain sizes and strain rates. The proposed model can be directly used in simulation of hot forming processes and as an example the bulge forming process is simulated and the results are compared with experimental data.
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Authors: Mahmoud Farzin, Reza Jafari Nedoushan, Mohammad Mashayekhi
Abstract: Constitutive models based on dominant mechanisms in hot forming are proposed. These models consider inter-granular deformation, grain boundary sliding, grain boundary diffusion and grain growth. New stress-strain rate relationships are proposed to predict deformation due to grain boundary sliding and grain boundary diffusion. Beside a Taylor type polycrystalline constitutive model, a visco-plastic relation in conjunction with a yield function is used to predict inter-granular deformation with much less computational costs. The proposed models are calibrated with tensile test data of AA5083 at . The calibrated models closely fit simple tension experimental data for various strain rates and strains. Then as an example the models are used to simulate a tray forming experiment. Dome heights and tray thicknesses at various positions during forming time can well predict experimental observations.
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