Papers by Author: Mahmoud M.A. Nassar

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Authors: A.K.M. Nurul Amin, A.A. Che Omar, M.A.Mohammed Kamal, Mahmoud M.A. Nassar, N.F. Mohd Zaib, Muammer Din Arif
Abstract: Soda lime glass is used extensively in camera lens, micro gas turbines, light bulbs, tablewares, optics, and chemical apparatus owing to its high hardness, excellent optical properties, and good corrosion and chemical resistance. Such applications of soda lime glass demand high machining and finishing precision. On the other hand, machining of glass poses significant challenges due to its inherent brittleness. The process of removal of material from glass, if not done in ductile mode, can generate subsurface cracks and brittle fractures which have adverse effects on its functionality. This research investigates the high speed micro-end milling of soda lime glass in order to obtain ductile regime machining. It has been found by other researchers that ductile mode machining can avoid sub-surface cracks and brittle fractures. However, in ductile mode machining, the gummy chips settle permanently on the machined surface affecting adversely the surface finish. In order to avoid such chip settlement, compressed air was directed using a special air delivery nozzle to blow away the resultant gummy chips, thereby preventing them from settling on the machined surface. Response surface methodology (RSM) and a commercial NC end mill were used to design and perform the machining runs, respectively. Machining was done using: high spindle speeds from 30,000 to 50,000 rpm, feed rates from 5 to 15 mm/min, and depth of cuts from 3 to 7 μm. Three different diameter carbide tools were used: 0.5, 1, and 2 mm. A surface profilometer was used to analyze the surface roughness of the resultant machined surface. Subsequently, the data was used for finding the best combination of cutting parameters required to obtain the lowest surface roughness. The results demonstrate that high speed machining is a viable option for obtaining ductile regime machining and generating machined surfaces with very low surface roughness in the range of 0.08μm – 0.22 μm, using 0.5 mm carbide end mill cutter.
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Authors: A.K.M. Nurul Amin, Mahmoud M.A. Nassar, Muammer Din Arif
Abstract: Soda lime glass is a very important material in diverse manufacturing industries, including automotive, electronics, and aerospace. In these applications, the glass surface needs to be defect free and without impurities. However, the machining of glass is difficult due to its inherent brittleness which leads to brittle fracture and easy crack propagation. This research investigates the high speed micro-end milling of soda lime glass in order to attain ductile regime machining. It has been found by other researchers that ductile mode machining can avoid brittle fracture and sub-surface cracks. Also, in this study, a special air delivery nozzle is used to blow away the resultant chips and keep the machined surface clean. To accomplish this, Design Expert software and a commercial NC end mill were used to design and perform the machining runs, respectively. The surface roughness of the resultant surfaces was later analyzed with a surface profilometer. Microphotographs of the machined surfaces were also taken in order to see how effective the air blowing method is. The results of surface roughness measurements were then used to develop a quadratic empirical model for surface finish prediction. Finally, desirability function and genetic algorithms were used to predict the best combination of cutting parameters needed to obtain the lowest surface roughness. The predictions were later tested by experiments. The results demonstrate that this type of machining is viable and the roughness obtained is very low at 0.049 μm.
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