Papers by Author: Mohamad Ragae

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Authors: Khaled Alenezi, Mahmood Md Tahir, Talal Alhajri, Mohamad Ragae
Abstract: Cold-formed steel (CFS) is known as slender or class 4 section due to high ratio of web-to-thickness ratio. The compressive strength of this type of section is usually very low as it tends to fail due to distortion and warping before reaching the actual compressive strength. The aim of this study is to determine the ultimate capacity of build-up lipped CFS assembled with ferrocement jacket where web-stiffener is provided as the proposed composite column (CFFCC) is under axial compression load. Nine specimens of composite columns were prepared and tested. The main parameters varied in the CFFCC columns are column height, cold-formed steel thickness and influence of ferrocement jacket and web-stiffener. There are three different heights of the CFFCC composite column namely 2000mm, 3000mm and 4000mm used in this study. All CFFCC columns were tested under axial load where a thick steel plate is used to evenly distribute the applied load. The results show the effect of providing both the ferrocement jacket to increase the confinement effect and the web stiffener to provide sufficient lateral support to the column web. A significant increase in both the strength and the ductility of the specimens under axial loading has been recorded. The strength capacity of CFFCC has been improved by about 178% greater than that of bare steel column. Also it is found that, axial load capacity of CFS-ferrocement jacket composite columns (CFFCC) were increased with the increase in thickness of CFS. The use of web-stiffener has improved the axial load capacity of the column but not that significant.
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Authors: Anis Saggaff, Khaled Alenezi, Mahmood Md Tahir, Talal Alhajri, Mohamad Ragae
Abstract: Cold-formed steel (CFS) is known to be a thin section. Thus it is considered a weak slender steel section which limits the compression capacity of the column. The aim of this study was to determine the ultimate capacity of built-up lipped CFS (assembled with ferrocement jacket) as composite column (CFFCC) under axial compression load. Nine specimens of composite columns were prepared and tested. The main parameters that varied in the CFFCC columns were column height, cold-formed steel thickness, and influence of ferrocement jacket. There were are three different heights of the CFFCC composite column namely 2000mm, 3000mm and 4000mm used in this study. All CFFCC columns were tested under axial load by a thick steel plate. The results indicated that ferrocement jacket provided sufficient lateral support to the column web and significantly increased both the strength and ductility of the specimens under axial loading. The strength capacity of CFFCC improved significantly, about 149% greater than that of bare steel column section. It was also found that the axial load capacity of CFS-ferrocement jacket composite columns (CFFCC) had increased significantly (in the range of 20% to 40%) as thickness of CFS increased.
528
Authors: Anis Saggaff, Talal Alhajri, M.Md. Tahir, Khaled Alenezi, Cher Siang Tan, Arizu Sulaiman, Mustapha Muhammad Lawan, Mohamad Ragae
Abstract: This work presents the experimental tests carried out to evaluate the behaviour of different types of shear connectors proposed for cold formed steel (CFS) section integrated with ferrocement slab as potential used for composite beam. Ten push-out test specimens of cold-formed steel lipped channel sections connected with ferrocement slab were tested. Three types of shear connectors were studied comprised of bolts, self-drilling-screw and bar angle. The connection behavior is analysed in terms of its load-slip relationship and the failure mode. The parametric studies were performed to investigate the effect on the shear connector’s capacity by varying the number of layers of wire mesh used in ferrocement slab and types of shear connector used. A theoretical analysis (Eurocode 4) was carried out to verify the experiment results. The results show that the experimental and theoretical proved to have good agreement with each other.
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Authors: Anis Saggaff, Talal Alhajri, M. Ismail, Khaled Alenezi, Mohamad Ragae
Abstract: This paper describes Finite Element Modeling (FEM) of a composite beam comprised of cold formed steel section and concrete slab designed as ferrocement. Software (ANSYS, version 11) was adopted to carry out the modeling of the proposed composite beam. Experimental tests were also been carried out for three simple supported composite beams. The proposed innovative precast composite beam specimens of cold-formed steel lipped channel sections (CFS) connected with ferrocement slab were tested till failure, under two point loads positioned atquarter length of the span from support. The results showed that close agreement was observed between the FEM and experimental results for ultimate loads and load-deflection responses.
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