Papers by Author: Naoki Yoshinaga

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Authors: Natsuko Sugiura, Naoki Yoshinaga
Abstract: Electro-deposited pure iron has a very sharp and isotropic <111>//ND fiber texture and a needle shaped grain elongated in the ND. This pure iron exhibits an r-value of over 7, and it is difficult to explain such a high r-value only from the texture. Specific {110} plane slips, which are perpendicular to the sheet surface, exclusively act in this material and this limitation of the active slip system is the main mechanism behind the extraordinarily high r-value. Thus, tensile deformation by this slip system doesn’t require a decrease in thickness. In this study, the mechanism of this slip system limitation is investigated. Because both the {110} slip plane and grain boundary are perpendicular to the sheet surface, the slip plane can easily connect with adjacent grains. This good continuity of slip plane with adjacent grain may have an influence on the choice of slip system.
Authors: Shigeto Takebayashi, Kohsaku Ushioda, Naoki Yoshinaga, Shigenobu Ogata
Abstract: The effect of tempering temperature on the impact toughness of 0.3 mass% carbon martensitic steels with prior austenite grain (PAG) size of about 6 μm and 30 μm were investigated. Instrumented Charpy impact test (ICIT) method was used to evaluate the impact toughness. The tempering temperature of 723K gives the largest difference in the Charpy impact energy at room temperature (RT) between the specimens with two different PAG sizes. Investigation of the test temperature dependence of Charpy impact energy in the 723K tempered steels shows a steep transition at around 200 K for the 6 μm PAG specimen, while it shows a continuous slow transition in a wide range of temperature for the 60 μm PAG specimen. ICIT waveform analysis shows that the fracture propagation energy in stead of the fracture initiation energy mainly controls the temperature dependence of the impact energy. The carbide size distribution in these two specimens was investigated by SEM and TEM. The 60 μm PAG specimen shows the distribution of coarser carbides than does the 6 μm PAG specimen, which seems to be the main reason for the observed difference between them in the Charpy impact energy and the other properties of impact fracture.
Authors: Naoki Yoshinaga, Dirk Vanderschueren, Leo Kestens, Kohsaku Ushioda, Natsuko Sugiura
Abstract: The cold rolling and annealing texture formation has been investigated in electro deposited pure iron which has an extremely sharp and isotropic <111>//ND fiber. Regardless of cold rolling reduction, {111}<112> intensified texture is formed after cold rolling. Similar texture remains after recrystallization in 65% cold rolled material while {111}<110> type texture forms in 80% and 90% cold rolled ones. The recrystallized grains at the stage of 5% recrystallization have {111}<112> orientation in 65% cold rolled sheet, whereas {111}<110> is observed in 80% cold rolled one. From this aspect, it is considered that the nucleation orientation plays an important role in the recrystallization texture formation. In the meanwhile, the growth of the recrystallized nuclei is also supposed to affect the recrystallization texture formation. The nuclei with {111}<112> orientation in lightly cold rolled sheet are easier to consume the deformed matrix than they do in heavily cold rolled sheets because their frequency to encounter a deformed grain with nearly the same orientation is much smaller in lightly cold rolled specimen, which can result in a large mobility for growth. Cross cold rolling makes cold rolling texture rather homogeneous <111>//ND fiber, which gives rise to an almost homogeneous <111>//ND fiber after annealing.
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