Papers by Author: Ning Zhao

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Authors: Ning Zhao, Jian Hui Wang, Hai Tao Ma, Lai Wang
Abstract: The microstructure evolution and the growth behavior of intermetallic compounds (IMCs) at Sn-xZn-2Cu/Cu (x=6.5, 8.8, 10 and 12, wt%) interfaces during soldering were investigated. The results indicate that planar Cu5Zn8 layer is formed at each interface of Sn-8.8Zn-2Cu/Cu, Sn-10Zn- 2Cu/Cu and Sn-12Zn-2Cu/Cu couples for all soldering time. However, for Sn-6.5Zn-2Cu/Cu couple, it is Cu5Zn8 phase that formed at the interface within shorter soldering time (1 h and 4 h), but the interfacial reaction products become a double layer structure of Cu6Sn5 phase (near Cu substrate) and CuZn phase (near solder) for longer soldering time (25 h and 49 h). The thickness of IMC layers in all couples increases exponentially with the soldering time. It is also found that for the same soldering time, the thickness of IMC layers increases with increasing Zn content in the solder.
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Authors: Xue Min Pan, Ning Zhao, Rui Fang Ding, Guang Lin Wei, Lai Wang
Abstract: The liquid structure of two lead-free solder molten alloys, Sn-0.5Cu and Sn-1.8Cu (wt.%), have been investigated using X-ray diffraction method. The main peak for liquid structure of Sn-0.5Cu is similar to that of pure Sn. A pre-peak has been found in the low Q part on the structure factor S(Q) of Sn-1.8Cu tested under 320°C and the pre-peak decreases its intensity with increasing temperature, but it disappeared finally when the testing temperature reached 350°C. The microstructure of the solder matrix as well as interfacial reaction between liquid solders and Cu substrate was also studied. The structural unit size corresponding to the pre-peak almost equals to magnitude of crystal planar distance of Cu6Sn5 phase. The appearance of a pre-peak may be due to existence of clusters with Cu6Sn5-phase-like structure in the melt. Quantity and size of clusters increases with decreasing temperature but their structural unit size remains constant. Cu6Sn5 phases develop from incorporating and growing of the clusters during solidification, thus result in the correlation between liquid structure and solid microstructure.
1385
Authors: Xue Min Pan, Ning Zhao, Rui Fang Ding, Guang Lin Wei, Lai Wang
Abstract: The liquid structure of two lead-free solder Molten alloys, Sn-0.5Cu and Sn-1.8Cu (wt.%), has been examined using X-ray diffraction method. The main peak for liquid structure of Sn-0.5Cu is similar to that of pure Sn. A pre-peak has been found in the low Q part on the structure factor S(Q) of Sn-1.8Cu tested under 320°C, but it disappeared finally when the testing temperature reached 350°C. The both viscosity was measured using a torsional oscillation viscometer. It was found that the anomalous variations of viscosity had a direct relation with the transition of the liquid structure, which is consonant with the results of high temperature X-ray diffraction. The microstructure of the solder matrixes as well as interfacial reaction between liquid solders and Cu substrates was also studied. The results show that particle-like Cu6Sn5 intermetallic compounds (IMCs) emerge in Sn-1.8Cu solder matrix. The IMC layer at Sn-1.8Cu/Cu joint is thicker than that at Sn-0.5Cu/Cu interface. The correlative effect of liquid structure on phase evolution in the solder joints is analyzed.
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