Papers by Author: P.D. Sequeira

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Authors: Alexandre Velhinho, P.D. Sequeira, Francisco Manuel Braz Fernandes, José D. Botas, L.A. Rocha
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Authors: P.D. Sequeira, Yoshimi Watanabe, L.A. Rocha
Abstract: The centrifugal solid-particle method has proved to be effective in producing functionally graded materials (FGMs). In this study, Al-Al3Ti FGMs, were produced by this centrifugal method, from an Al-5 wt % Ti master alloy. Applied centrifugal forces were 30, 60 and 120G (units of gravity). Samples from the outer surface of each specimen were cut and aluminum matrix texture analyzed by Schulz reflection method. Analysis of the resulting pole figures indicates a preferred orientation along the (200) plane for the aluminum matrix crystals. Furthermore, increasing the applied centrifugal force enhances the orientation effect. Al3Ti platelet orientation and area fraction at the samples’ outer surface along three observation planes were also measured. The Al3Ti platelets in the outer region are orientated perpendicular to the centrifugal force direction along two of the observed planes, also an increase in centrifugal force leads to an increase in orientation in those two planes. The intermetallic particle volume fraction also increases with higher applied centrifugal force, although not significantly. A correlation appears to exist between particle orientation and the preferred orientation of the matrix.
415
Authors: Yoshimi Watanabe, P.D. Sequeira, Oleg Sitdikov, Hisashi Sato, Zuo Gui Zhang, Ick Soo Kim
Abstract: Microstructure and texture evolution during equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) of Al-5 mass%Ti alloy are investigated for up to 8 passes via routes A and BC. Platelet-shaped Al3Ti particles in the Al-5mass%Ti alloy are cracked severely with repetitive ECAP passes, and the mean size of the Al3Ti particles is decreased with increasing the number of ECAP passes. Microstructural observation showed that an Al–Ti supersaturated solid solution is formed during the ECAP process. It is also found that the Al-Ti alloy after ECAP by route A and route Bc methods have very different microstructures. Namely, after ECAP by route Bc, the fine Al3Ti particles are homogeneously dispersed in Al matrix, while the microstructure has highly anisotropic distribution after ECAP by route A.
251
Authors: Alexandre Velhinho, P.D. Sequeira, Rui Miguel S. Martins, Gerard Vignoles, Francisco Manuel Braz Fernandes, José D. Botas, L.A. Rocha
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Authors: P.D. Sequeira, Yoshimi Watanabe, L.A. Rocha
Abstract: Al-Al3Zr and Al-Al3Ti functionally graded materials (FGMs) were produced by a centrifugal method from Al-5wt% Zr and Al-5wt% Ti alloys, respectively. Applied centrifugal forces were 30, 60 and 120G (units of gravity). Microstructural characterization was performed to evaluate the intermetallic particles’ distribution and orientation. Knoop hardness tests were carried out, with the indenter’s long diameter normal to the centrifugal force direction. Both the Al3Zr and the Al3Ti intermetallic particles are platelet in morphology. These platelets tend to be oriented normal to the centrifugal force direction. Higher applied centrifugal force increases both the intermetallic platelet volume fraction as well as their orientation in the outer regions of the fabricated FGM rings. Also higher orientation and volume fraction distribution are observed in the Al- Al3Ti FGMs. Knoop hardness measurements in general follow the same trend as the intermetallic particle volume fraction for each sample.
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