Papers by Author: R. Mitra

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Authors: R. Mitra, K. Chattopadhyay, Arvind K. Srivastava, Kalyan Kumar Ray, N. Eswara Prasad
Abstract: A comparative study on the microstructure-mechanical property relationships in the molybdenum and niobium silicide based composites has been carried out with emphasis on the role of the ductile and brittle phase constituents at ambient and elevated temperatures. The MoSi2, MoSi2-20 vol.% SiC and -Mo-Mo3Si-Mo5SiB2 composites have been prepared by powder metallurgy processing. Furthermore, the niobium silicide based composites, having a eutectic of Nb solid solution (Nbss) and (Nb,Mo)5Si3, and either Nbss or (Nb,Mo)5Si3 as the primary phase in the hypoeutectic or hypereutectic compositions, respectively, have been processed by arc melting. The increase in fracture toughness with respect to that of MoSi2 is modest in the MoSi2-SiC composites, and more significant in the multiphase Mo-Mo3Si-Mo5SiB2 and Nbss-(Nb,Mo)5Si3 based in-situ composites with ductile reinforcements. The ductile phase, either Mo or Nbss aids in toughening chiefly through crack arrest and bridging, and undergoes plastic yielding under constraint during deformation, leading to a higher energy of fracture. In the MoSi2 and MoSi2-SiC composites, the matrix grain size has a significant role in high temperature strength retention and strain hardening behaviour. In the ductile phase reinforced composites, the hard silicide-based intermetallic phases contribute to elevated temperature strength, while the constrained plastic deformation of the -Mo or Nbss is responsible for much higher rate of strain hardening than in the MoSi2 and MoSi2-SiC composites.
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Authors: R. Mitra, Sunkari Upender, Manab Mallik, Subrata Chakraborty, Kalyan Kumar Ray
Abstract: A comparative study has been carried out on the mechanical properties at room temperature, thermal shock and ablation resistance as well as oxidation behaviour of ZrB2-20SiC, ZrB2-20SiC-5Si3N4 and ZrB2-20ZrC-20SiC-5Si3N4 (amounts represent volume percent) composites. Fracture toughness has been determined using either three-point bend tests on single edge notch bend specimens, or by indentation technique. Addition of Si3N4 as sintering aid leads to enhancement in flexural strength and fracture toughness in the composite without ZrC. The specimens were subjected to thermal shock by quenching from temperatures in the range of 800o- 1200oC to ice cold water, and to ablation by exposure to oxy-acetylene flame at 2200oC. The composite having ZrC as constituent, exhibits the highest resistance to damage due to thermal shock and ablation, while the ZrB2-SiC composite shows the least change in mass during ablation. On the other hand, thermogravimetric experiments from room temperature to 1300oC have shown that the presence of ZrC is detrimental for oxidation resistance. Hence, the constituents of the composites need to be selected on the basis of the nature of application. The results of this study show that the investigated ZrB2 based composites bear the potential for multiple use thermal protection of reentry type space vehicles.
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Authors: Mervin A. Herbert, Rabin Maiti, R. Mitra, M. Chakraborty
Abstract: In-situ Al-4.5Cu-5TiB2 composite plates were stir cast with TiB2 particles formed through mixed salt route. The as-cast samples with 30 volume percent liquid content were rolled in mushy state down to 2.5 and 5 percent reduction in thickness per pass. The rolled products found to be defect-free after the first pass were subjected to multiple roll passes in mushy state with identical experimental conditions, adding up to seven. The wear properties of as-cast and mushy state rolled composites were also investigated, and correlated with microstructure.
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Authors: R. Mitra, Y.R. Mahajan, N. Eswara Prasad, W.A. Chiou, C. Ganguly
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Authors: Byung Ahn, R. Mitra, A.M. Hodge, Enrique J. Lavernia, S.R. Nutt
Abstract: Al 5083 alloy powder was mechanically milled in liquid nitrogen to achieve a nanocrystalline (NC) structure having an average grain size of 50 nm with high thermal stability, and then consolidated by quasi-isostatic (QI) forging. The consolidation resulted in ultrafine grains (UFG) of about 250 nm, and the bulk material exhibited enhanced strength compared to conventionally processed Al 5083. The hardness of as-cryomilled powder and the UFG material was measured by nanoindentation using loading rates in the range of 50−50,000 /N/s, and results were compared with the conventional grain size alloy. Negative strain rate sensitivity was observed in the cryomilled NC powder and the forged UFG plate, while the conventional alloy was relatively strain rate insensitive.
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Authors: Debdas Roy, R. Mitra, Tadeusz Chudoba, Zbigniew Witczak, Witold Łojkowski, Hans Jorg Fecht, I. Manna
Abstract: Mechanically alloyed Al65Cu20Ti15 amorphous alloy powder with 10 wt.% nano-TiO2 dispersion was consolidated by high pressure sintering (HPS) at room temperature and/or 300- 450oC for about 1 min using a uniaxial pressure of 8GPa. The sintered material was examined by XRD and TEM. Excellent hardness and strength were obtained in selected sintered samples of 8.34 GPa and 1600 MPa respectively, although ductility was very low (< 1%).
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