Papers by Author: Richard E. Clegg

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Authors: Kai Duan, Aiden G. Beer, Richard E. Clegg
Abstract: Replication, or repeated tests at the same stress amplitude, is used to provide statistical confidence in life data during the development of S-N curves. This paper discusses the effects of replication on the measurement of S-N curves and presents an alternative to traditional replication methods for the determination of S-N curves, particularly for the development of preliminary S-N curves. Using specimens made out of the extruded bars of a magnesium alloy, it is demonstrated that the S-N curve estimated using the data from non-replication tests is almost same as that from replication tests. The advantage of using non-replication fatigue tests is that it uses fewer specimens, in this instance, only half of that required for 50% replication fatigue test, to achieve the same estimation as that of the replication fatigue tests. Another advantage of using non-replication fatigue tests is that it can detect the non-linearity using limited specimens.
Authors: Richard E. Clegg, Kai Duan, Alan J. McLeod
Abstract: Fatigue failure of metal components containing notches, cracks and other defects has been a very active research topic for well over seven decades because of its important practical and theoretical implications. Recently, Taylor and his colleagues have re-visited this topic and proposed the Theory of Critical Distance (TCD), which summarizes the early work by Neuber, Peterson and others in a unifying theory and predicts fatigue fracture with the use of a critical distance, L0. In this paper, an experimental and numerical study of the fatigue of notched and unnotched 6061 aluminium alloys is used to verify the TCD and some of the limitations of the TCD are discussed on this basis.
Authors: Md Shahanur Hasan, Md Mazid Abdul, Richard E. Clegg
Abstract: Stellites are cobalt based super alloys. By virtue of their excellent physio-mechanical properties, stellites are highly regarded engineering materials. Stellites posses high corrosion resistance and wear resistance properties. This study investigates the Stellite deposition process and machinability of Stellite 6 deposited on steel subtrate. Stellite 6 was deposited onto a 4140 bar using a plasma transfer arc (PTA) system and machinability was assessed on the basis of surface roughness. A series of turning operations have been carried out on a conventional lathe using coated carbide inserts and surface roughness was evaluated by Stylus type Surtronic3+ instrument. The values of surface roughness were plotted against different cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut to display the results in graphical forms. Optimal cutting regimes were established against the best values of surface roughness.
Authors: N. Driessen, Richard E. Clegg
Abstract: ASTM A106/B is commonly used for pressure piping in alumina refineries. Due to the problem of caustic cracking in alumina refineries, piping must be stress relieved after welding, usually through a post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) process at a temperature of 635°C. However, multiple PWHT procedures tend to degrade the mechanical properties of steel and design standards have set limits on the length of time PWHT can be carried out before steel should be replaced. In this study, the effect of PWHT time on the properties of A106/B parent metal was examined, with particular emphasis on the effect on toughness. PWHT was carried out for 1, 8 and 40 hours and the results were compared with those for as-received material. Impact transition temperature and room-temperature tensile results were determined using standard tests. The reference temperature, To, was determined using ASTM E1921 with arc-shaped tension specimens. The results showed that the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature increased significantly as PWHT time increased and the implications of this to a fracture mechanics analysis of plant operations are discussed.
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