Papers by Author: Roberto Germano

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Authors: Domenico Cirillo, Roberto Germano, Valentino Tontodonato, Allan Widom, Yogendra N. Srivastava, Emilio del Giudice, G. Vitiello
Abstract: A substantial neutron flux generated by plasma excitation at the tungsten cathode of an electrolytic cell with alkaline solution is reported. A method based on a CR-39 nuclear track detector coupled to a boron converter was used to detect the neutrons. This method is insensitive to the strong plasma-generated electromagnetic noise that made inconclusive all the previous attempts to identify neutrons in electrolytic plasma environment by means of electric detection techniques.
Authors: Emilio del Giudice, Cornelia Hison, Roberto Germano, A. de Ninno
Abstract: The mechanism of phase transition of some intermetallic (magnetic) alloys from a crystal state to an amorphous state on heating in hydrogen atmosphere, the so called hydrogen induced amorphization (HIA), is not completely elucidated. We propose an explanation of this phenomenon in the frame of Quantum Electro Dynamics (QED) formalism.
Authors: Roberto Germano, Emilio del Giudice, A. de Ninno, Vittorio Elia, Cornelia Hison, Elena Napoli, Valentino Tontodonato, F.P. Tuccinardi, G. Vitiello
Abstract: Oxhydroelectric Effect, that is the extraction of electricity from an aqueous electrolytic solution by twin Platinum (Pt) electrodes, mediated by oxygen molecules, has been detected for the first time in bi-distilled water (electric conductivity of 1.2 microSiemens/cm). A dc power of the order of tenths of microW, lasting for many hours, was measured through a resistor (47 kOhm) connected to twin Pt electrodes immersed into bi-distilled water, after the addition of some pieces of Nafion® in one semi-cell and of a very small amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) - as a source of oxygen - in both semi-cells.
Authors: Roberto Germano, Valentino Tontodonato, Cornelia Hison, Domenico Cirillo, F.P. Tuccinardi
Abstract: Electricity extraction from water by twin electrodes, mediated by oxygen molecules, that we call Oxhydroelectric Effect, is reported. The extremely simple components of this experimental system are: two platinum (Pt) wire electrodes, a saturated solution of potassium carbonate (K2CO3) in water (H2O) (with pH >10) as electrolyte, and a film of hydrophilic material (Nafion®). A dc power of the order of hundredths of nW was measured for days through a resistor connected to the twin Pt electrodes. The addition of a very small amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to the electrolyte (water-potassium carbonate solution with only 0.004% H2O2), as a source of oxygen, determines an immediate dc power jump, more than two orders of magnitude high, lasting for days. The Oxhydroelectric Effect opens the way to a completely new paradigm in what concern low-cost electrical energy generating systems, with a tremendously wide range of possible applications.
Authors: D. Cirillo, Emilio del Giudice, Roberto Germano, S. Sivasubrammanian, Yogendra N. Srivastava, V. Tontodonato, G. Vitiello, Allan Widom
Abstract: In the conceptual framework of Quantum ElectroDynamics (QED) it has been proventhat liquid water is made up of two phases : 1) a coherent phase where the electron cloud of watermolecules oscillates in phase with a trapped electromagnetic field within extended regions, calledCoherence Domains (CD); 2) a non coherent phase formed by a gas-like ensemble of molecules fillingthe interstices among the CD's. The constituentmolecules of the coherent phase oscillate between theirindividual ground state and an excited state where one electron is so loosely bound to be consideredquasi-free. Therefore the coherent phase contains a plasma of quasi-free electrons. In the bulk water,as in the case of superfluid liquid Helium, each molecule crosses over continuously between the twophases. On the contrary, close to the surface of a metallic cathode in a chemical cell , the attractionbetween molecules and wall stabilizes the coherent phases so that the layer of interfacial water ismainly coherent and capable of holding a negative electronic charge. When the chemical cell voltageexceeds a threshold, an i! nterfacial water- cathode metal surface plasma mode is developed. Fromthe collective energies continuously pumped into the plasma, the weak interaction e + p+ → n + νemay be induced which produces neutrons and neutrinos from Hydrogen atoms. The neutrons may thenultimately induce other nuclear transmutations on the cathode metal surface.
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