Papers by Author: S. Hotta

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Authors: S. Hotta, Taichi Murakami, Takayuki Narushima, Yasutaka Iguchi, Chiaki Ouchi
Abstract: Currently new continuous casting processes such as thin slab caster or strip casting are industrialized or under developing in the world steel makers. In these casting processes, cooling rate after solidification becomes much faster compared with thick slab caster, and hot rolling mill connected directly with casting machine tends to be installed. The present study was conducted to investigate variations of austenitic grain size and micro segregation with cooling rate after solidification and also direct hot deformation conditions in austenite immediately after solidification in HSLA steels. HSLA steels were 0.15%C-0.25%Si-1.50%Mn, 0.028%Nb and 0.028%Nb-0.015%Ti with the same basic compositions. A hot working simulator of THERMECMASTER-Z was used, and the center part of tensile specimen set up in this machine was partially or fully levitation-melted by induction heating under argon gas atmosphere. After melting, specimens were cooled at cooling rate from 0.4K/s to 40K/s, and this range covered cooling rates after solidification in heavy thick slab caster and strip casting. Direct hot tensile straining in austenite after solidification was conducted at strain rates from 1.4×10-3s-1 to 2.6s-1, corresponding to an extracting speed in a respective caster. The increase of cooling rate refined continuously as cast austenitic grain size, and it was enhanced in micro alloyed steels. Micro segregation such as Mn was improved by faster cooling. Direct straining after solidification markedly refined austenitic grain size through dynamic or static recrystallization occurring depending on strain rate.
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Authors: Behrang Poorganji, S. Hotta, Taichi Murakami, Takayuki Narushima, Yasutaka Iguchi, Chiaki Ouchi
Abstract: New α+β type titanium alloy with Ti-4.5Al-6Nb-2Mo-2Fe was developed on the basis of using biocompatible elements and eliminating the cytotoxic ones such as Vanadium, while achieving the desirable mechanical properties such as appropriate strength, cold workability and low superplastic forming (SPF) temperature. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of yttrium addition of less than 0.05% into this alloy on static and under superplastic deformation grain growth behavior. The new alloy bar manufactured by α+β processing and annealed at 1073K yielded extremely fine two-phase microstructure with α grain size around 2μm. Specimens were heated at temperatures of 1048, 1073 and 1098K and kept for times between 3.6 to 172.8KS. Yttrium forms in-situ Y2O3 particles, and the presence of these particles yield finer two phase microstructure due to their retardation effect on β phase grain growth. Grain growth behavior during hot deformation was investigated by hot compression test in use of a hot working simulator of THERMEC-Master Z. Strain rate was varied from 2×10-2 to 2×10-4S-1 and strain was 0.69. Grain size of both α and β phases increased with a reduction of strain rate, and Y2O3 particle was also effective to retard grain growth under hot deformation. It was confirmed from comparison of grain growth during isothermal heating with and without hot deformation that grain growth was much accelerated by deformation. All of these results were discussed based on grain growth mechanism or model for two-phase microstructures as well as superplastic deformation mechanism.
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