Papers by Author: T. Watanabe

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Authors: Sadahiro Tsurekawa, H. Fujii, V.A. Yardley, T. Matsuzaki, T. Watanabe
Abstract: Crystallization kinetics and texture evolution in iron-based amorphous alloys (Fe78Si9B13, Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1) under a magnetic field have been studied. We have found that the application of a magnetic field during crystallization at a temperature ranging the Curie point of the amorphous phase and that of the crystalline bcc-Fe(Si) phase can produce a {110} texture in the alloys. X-ray diffraction with the Schulz method revealed that {110} oriented grains were preferentially nucleated due to the magnetic field. The studies of crystallization kinetics found that the nucleation rate of the α-Fe(Si) phase in amorphous Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1 was enhanced approximately three times as high with the 6T magnetic field than without field. The volume fraction of crystalline α-Fe(Si) phase produced was increased by the magnetic field.
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Authors: Yan Wu, Chang Shu He, Xiang Zhao, Liang Zuo, T. Watanabe
Abstract: The effects of magnetic annealing on recrystallization and texture evolution in asannealed interstitial-free (IF) steel sheet were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction ODF analysis, SEM-EBSD analysis, and optical microstructure observation. During the magnetic annealing, specimens were placed at the center of the applied magnetic field, with their rolling planes parallel to the field direction (MD) and their rolling direction (RD) normal to the field direction (MD). It was found that the magnetic annealing retards the recrystallization process, but promotes the nucleation at the initial stage of recrystallization. Magnetic annealing did not change the mechanism of recrystallization texture evolution but improved the development of γ-fiber texture during the process of recrystallization, and the magnetically annealed specimen had stronger γ-fiber texture compared with the conventionally annealed specimen; this interesting finding is quite different from the previous work on magnetically annealed IF steel.
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Authors: T. Watanabe, Sadahiro Tsurekawa, S. Kobayashi, X. Zhao, L. Zuo
Abstract: In last two decades it has been extensively studied whether the grain boundary engineering can be effectively applied to controlling intergranular fracture and brittleness of different kinds of brittle materials. Grain boundary engineering has been well established. A new processing method based on magnetic field application has reached a new stage of grain boundary engineering.
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