Papers by Author: Tao Xu

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Authors: Zheng Zhao Liang, Chun An Tang, De Shen Zhao, Yong Bin Zhang, Tao Xu, Hou Quan Zhang
Abstract: A newly developed numerical code MFPA3D is applied to simulate the progressive damage and failure process of laminated cylindrical composite shell. Heterogeneities in meso-scale are taken into account by randomly distributing the material properties throughout the model by following a Weibull statistical distribution. The cylindrical composite shell is discretized into 3-D block elements with the fixed size and is subjected to a lateral compressive loading, applied with a constant displacement control manner. The numerical simulation results show that not only the process of crack initiation, propagation and coalescence but also the failure process can be numerically obtained in three dimensional. The MFPA3D modeling demonstrates that the code can simulate non-linear behavior of brittle materials with a simple mesoscopic constitutive law with a strength and elastic modulus reduction of the weaken elements.
Authors: Zhu Jie He, Tao Xu, Chun An Tang
Abstract: In this paper, the bond length effect of FRP plate on bonding performance and the distribution patterns of the stress in FRP plate was investigated using 3D Realistic Failure Process Analysis (RFPA3D) code to study the debonding mechanism of the FRP plate bonded to concrete block. Numerical simulations show that the progressive debonding of FRP plate bonded to concrete occurs in the concrete on the condition of different bond lengths can be divided into four stages: elastic-deformation stage, elastic-softening stage, elastic-softening-debonding stage and softening-debonding stage. It is also show that the interfacial bond strength and the global slip of FRP-to-concrete increase with the increase of the bond length.
Authors: Hua Nan, Tao Xu, Zhi Dong Wei
Abstract: On the basis of suitable arrangement for the special stress surrounding and parameters selection, Realistic Failure Process Analysis 2-D (RFPA2D) numerical simulation of extra-thick coal seams’ displacement and failure is carried out. It’s proved that the numerical simulation results are consistent with the in-sit measurement results of top coal’s advance supporting stress and deep-hole displacement. So application of RFPA2D in sub-level caving mining extra-thick coal seams is reliable. It’s also proved that application of RFPA2D in sub-level caving mining can do great help to study the nature of top coal’s displacement, fragmentation and failure process of extra-thick coal seams. As the top coal’s displacement and failure situation under certain circumstance can be forecasted by RFPA2D numerical simulation, the most suitable top coal thickness under certain circumstance can be predicted by RFPA2D numerical simulation test, which can do great benefit to extra-thick coal seams’ safe and high efficient mining.
Authors: De Shen Zhao, Tao Xu, Chun An Tang, Hou Quan Zhang, Zheng Zhao Liang
Abstract: Using a newly-developed Material Failure Process Analysis code (MFPA3D), the micro-fracturing process and the avalanche behavior characterization of brittle disordered materials such as rock or concrete is numerically studied under uniaxial compression and tension. It is found that, due to the heterogeneity of the disordered material, there is an avalanche behavior in the microcrack coalescence process. Meanwhile, a hierarchy of avalanche events also numerically observed though a study of numerically obtained acoustic emissions or seismic events. Numerical simulations indicate that macro-crack nucleation starts well before the peak stress is reached and the crack propagation and coalescence can be traced, which can be taken as a precursory to predict the macro-fracture of the brittle disordered materials. In addition, the numerically obtained results also reveal the presence of residual strength in the post-peak region and the resemblance in the stress-strain curves between uniaxial compression and tension.
Authors: Shan Shan Wang, Tao Xu, Si Feng Qin, Yun Jie Zhang
Abstract: Steel truss bridge is an important part of transportation hub and lifeline engineering, it recently has attracted more attention on dynamic performance of steel truss bridge. In this paper, the ANSYS software is used to perform the modal analysis of steel truss bridge, and we find that the main bridge are more sensitive to the vertical earthquake (i.e., Y direction). In the earthquake response spectrum analysis on Y direction, we find that the maximum deformation is at mid-span of steel truss bridge. In the transient analysis of seismic waves, under the action of horizontal and vertical earthquake accelerations, the structure displacement dynamic diagram and time-history displacement curve are obtained and some conclusions are drawn.
Authors: Li Song, Tao Xu, Ying Yan Xie
Abstract: Rock is a typical non-homogeneous material. The behavior of a rock block under compression and the process of micro-fracture in that block are phenomena of considerable interest in understanding the strength characterization of brittle rock. In this study, the effect of the non-homogeneity on limit bearing capacity of rock block based on Rock Elasto-Plastic Failure Process Analysis code (REPFPA) are simulated and investigated. Numerical simulations find out that there exists a functional relation between the heterogeneity coefficient and the limit bearing capacity of rock block. For specimens with the same heterogeneity, however, the numerical simulations show that the failure modes depend greatly on the crack initiation location, which is found to be sensitive to the local disorder features within the specimen. In addition, the characteristics of acoustic emissions with the changing of heterogeneity coefficient were also found. These identifications are crucial for better understanding and interpreting the experimental results and consequently, improve our concepts in design or analysis of rock engineering structures.
Authors: Yun Jie Zhang, Tao Xu, Qiang Xu, Lin Bu
Abstract: Based on the fluid-solid coupling theory, we study the stability of surrounding rock mass around underground oil storage in Huangdao, Shandong province, analyze the stress of the surrounding rock mass around three chambers and the displacement change of several key monitoring points after excavation and evaluate the stability of surrounding rock mass using COMSOL Multiphysics software. Research results show that the stress at both sides of the straight wall of cavern increases, especially obvious stress concentration forms at the corners of the cavern, and the surrounding rock mass moves towards the cavern after excavation. The stress and displacement of the surrounding rock mass will increase accordingly after setting the water curtains, but the change does not have a substantive impact on the stability of surrounding rock mass.
Authors: Yun Jie Zhang, Tao Xu
Abstract: Based on the fluid-solid coupling theory, we describe the fractured rock mass as a continuous porous medium and consider the rock mass permeability coefficient a function of the stress and strain. By using the multi-physics coupling analysis software COMSOL, we achieved the dynamic change of permeability coefficient, and found that serious damage due to micro cracking occurred in the excavated damage zone of rock mass due to the yield and failure of rock mass. Corrodingly, permeability will remarkably increase, which is basically consistent with the experimental results. The simulations indicated the "indirect coupling" effect of seepage and stress. Therefore, the coupled analysis of the seepage and stress in fractured rock masses is important for the practical rock mechanics and rock engineering.
Authors: Tao Xu, Chun An Tang
Abstract: Rock permeability is important in civil and geo-hydraulic engineering, the mining and petroleum industries, and in environmental and engineering geology. In this paper, considering the mutual hydro-mechanical response between stress-induced permeability and damage, a coupled mathematical model for solid deformation and gas flow in the coal or rock was established and an attempt is made to investigate the rock permeability evolution, fracture patterns, and flow vectors in rock samples at the scale of usual laboratory samples as well as the relation between permeability and stress induced damage in connection with the complete strain-stress process of loaded rocks. Numerical simulations show that the permeability of rock was not constant, closely related to the state of stress, but varied with the stress and strain states in the rocks. Microcracking, resulting from the concentration of stress on relatively weak rock elements, triggers successive crack initiation and propagation that in turn leads to permeability enhancement. Prior to the peak strength, the permeability decreases with increasing load. A dramatic increase in permeability occurs in the post-peak stress-strain region due to the catastrophic collapse of microstructure in rock. Moreover, the permeability of rock in post-peak stress-strain region is much higher that that of in pre-peak region. Such intensive studies of gas flow in stressed heterogeneous rocks are useful as initial approaches to many engineering problems in mining and petroleum industries.
Authors: Tao Xu, Shan Yong Wang, Chun An Tang, Li Song, Shi Bin Tang
Abstract: In this paper, a coupled thermal-mechanical-damage model, Material Failure Process Analysis for Thermo code (abbreviated as MFPA-thermo), was applied to investigate the formation, extension and coalescence of cracks in FRCs, caused by the thermal mismatch of the matrix and the particles under uniform temperature variations. The effects of the thermal mismatch between the matrix and fibers on the stress distribution and crack development were also numerically studied. The influences of the material heterogeneity, the failure patterns of FRCs at varied temperatures are simulated and compared with the experimental results in the present paper. The results show that the mechanisms of thermal damage and fracture of the composite remarkedably depend on the difference between the coefficients of thermal expansion of the fibers and the matrix on a meso-scale. Meanwhile, the simulations indicate that the thermal cracking of the FRCs at uniform varied temperatures is an evolution process from diffused damage, nucleation, and finally linkage of cracks.
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