Papers by Author: Tomoichiro Okamoto

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Authors: Kenichi Suzuki, Yuichiro Kuroki, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: Alpha aluminum oxide (α-Al2O3) ceramics was coupled and reacted with zinc oxide (ZnO) ceramics at 1200°C for 24 h. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis revealed the existence of step-shaped distribution of Al and Zn near the interface between α-Al2O3 and ZnO. Intense ultraviolet (3.75 eV) emission was clearly observed from the layer. On the other hand, very weak emissions were observed outside the layer near the interface. The compound in the layer is considered to be an attractive material for ultraviolet optoelectronics.
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Authors: Kenichi Suzuki, Yuichiro Kuroki, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: Beta gallium oxide (β-Ga2O3) ceramics was coupled and reacted with zinc oxide (ZnO) ceramics at 1200oC for 24 h. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis revealed the existence of diffusion layer near the interface between β-Ga2O3 and ZnO. Furthermore, the layer showed monochromatic and intense cathodoluminescence (CL) at 3.5 eV. On the other hand, very weak emissions were observed from the out of the layer. The compound in the layer is considered to be an attractive material for ultraviolet optoelectronics.
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Authors: Kenichi Suzuki, Yuichiro Kuroki, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: Zinc oxide (ZnO) ceramics was coupled and reacted with alpha aluminum oxide (α-Al2O3) ceramics at 1200oC for 24 h. SEM observation and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis revealed the existence of diffusion layer of 10 μm thickness on the α-Al2O3 side of interface between ZnO and α-Al2O3. The diffusion layer is considered to consist of a ZnAl2O4, from the result of XRD. The cathodoluminescence of the diffusion layer was compared with that of zinc aluminate (ZnAl2O4) ceramics synthesized by conventional solid state reaction method. The single phase ZnAl2O4 showed weak emission peaked at 4.6 eV. On the other hand, the diffusion layer showed intense emission peaked at 3.75 eV. The ZnAl2O4 on the α-Al2O3 side of the interface synthesized by coupling of ZnO and α-Al2O3 is considered to be a excellent material as an ultraviolet light emitter.
233
Authors: Takumi Hagizawa, Yuichiro Kuroki, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: Zn wire was used as starting material in the fabrication of ZnO crystals in which a glass substrate was placed above the wire to grow ZnO crystals. The wire was heated by electric current in air. When the wire broke because of Joule heating, smoke arose from the wire and ZnO crystals were observed on the broken point, in the vicinity of the broken point, and on the glass substrate. The morphology and cathodoluminescence of the crystals were investigated. The crystals on the wire were 0.2–5 μm in size. The peak intensity ratio of ultraviolet (UV) emission to green emission increased with decreasing crystal size. The crystals on the substrate were tetrapod-like; the length and diameter of the tetrapod legs were 100–500 nm and 10–30 nm, respectively. The tetrapod-like nanocrystals produced only UV emissions.
261
Authors: Shingo Fujihara, Yuichiro Kuroki, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: A ceramic rod of GdBa2Cu3O7-δ with Gd2BaCuO5 core was prepared using a dip coater and sintered at 950oC. A hot spot appeared when a certain voltage was applied to the rod. Oxygen sensing characteristics of the rod were investigated. It was found that the response time of the oxygen sensor using the rod with the core was shorter than that without the core, because the length of the oxygen diffusion in GdBa2Cu3O7-δ part in the rod with the core was shorter than that without the core.
213
Authors: Yuji Yakushiji, Yuichiro Kuroki, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: A glass substrate was sputter-etched by R. F. magnetron sputtering at the powers of 100 or 200 W for 60 min in Ar gas. Pd thin film as a sensing agent of hydrogen (H2) was deposited on the glass substrate. The durability of the sensor was evaluated during hydrogen absorption-desorption cycles. The Pd thin film on the glass substrate without sputter etching peeled off after dozens of the cycles. However, the Pd thin film on sputter-etched glass substrate didn’t peel off. The contact angle of water on the glass substrate with sputter etching was smaller than that without sputter etching, suggesting that the surface energy of the substrate was increased by employing the sputter etching process. The improvement of durability for the optical hydrogen sensor using sputter etched substrate was related to the increase of surface energy induced by the sputter etching.
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Authors: Kenichi Minato, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: We developed a new zinc oxide (ZnO) crystal growth method using Au combined with electric current heating. Au paste was placed on a ZnO ceramic bar. When a certain current flowed through the bar, the paste melted on the bar. Then crystals grew on the molten Au surface immediately. The shape of the crystals depended on the atmosphere during the growth. The whiskers with spherical top and the crystals consisting of a hexangular pyramidal base and needle head were grown on Au in air and Ar atmosphere, respectively. From cathodoluminescence at room temperature, the weak ultraviolet (UV) emission at approximately 3.2 eV and the strong visible emission at approximately 2.3 eV were observed from the whisker grown in air. The UV emission at approximately 3.3 eV dominated a spectrum from the pyramidal crystal grown in Ar atmosphere.
269
Authors: Kenichi Suzuki, Yuichiro Kuroki, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: Beta gallium oxide (β-Ga2O3) crystals were grown on β-Ga2O3 ceramics heated by electric current under vacuum at various ambient temperatures. From cathodoluminescence at room temperature, emission peaks at 2.9 and 3.5 eV were clearly observed. With increasing ambient temperature, the relative intensity of ultraviolet emission (3.5 eV) to blue emission (2.9 eV) showed a peak at 400oC. These results suggest that the ambient temperature during the electric current heating of β-Ga2O3 ceramics in vacuum is one of the most effective factors for the ultraviolet emissive β-Ga2O3 crystal.
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Authors: Masaya Tsukamoto, Yukio Yoshimura, Yuichiro Kuroki, Tomoichiro Okamoto, Masasuke Takata
Abstract: Glass wool is discontinuous glass fiber with the average diameters of 3-4 μm produced by means of centrifugal process, and mainly applied to heat and acoustic insulation. But, there are few reports on glass wool applied to reinforcement of plastic materials in which chopped strand made by chopping continuous glass fiber is used primarily. In this study, the polyamide 66-based composite material samples containing glass wool were prepared and its wear property as a mechanical property was evaluated. It was found that the composite has an advantage on the wear property compared with a conventional glass fiber reinforced plastic, and the result suggests that glass wool has a possibility as a reinforcement material applied to plastic parts required wear resistance.
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