Papers by Author: Wen Jun Zong

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Authors: Jing He Wang, Ming Jun Chen, Shen Dong, H.X. Wang, J.H. Zhang, Wen Jun Zong
Abstract: In this paper, mechanical characteristics of KDP crystal anisotropy are analysed theoretically. Vickers indentation experiments are adopted to validate the variation rule of hardness and fracture toughness in different orientation of KDP crystal plane (100), and a model to calculate critical cutting thickness of brittle-ductile transition is proposed for the KDP crystals. The result shows that, on the crystal plane (100), the minimum value of critical cutting thickness of KDP crystal in brittle-ductile transition appears in the direction [110], but the maximum appears in the direction [010]. Finally, the ultra-precision machining of KDP crystal is performed, and the results agree well with the theoretical conclusions. Super-smooth surface with a roughness RMS of 6.6nm is reached as machined in the crystal direction [010], and 11.2nm to the direction [110].
Authors: H.X. Wang, Wen Jun Zong, Dan Li, Shen Dong
Abstract: In this paper, a new cutting force model is presented for diamond turning, and the ‘size effect’ is also integrated into this new model. Utilizing this new model, the effects of feed rate and depth of cut on cutting forces are analyzed, the specific law of cutting forces in micro thin-layer metal cutting is investigated at the same time. Through the detailed theoretical analysis and experimental validations, it is found that if the selected feed rate or depth of cut is less than a certain value, a particular phenomenon will appear, thus the thrust cutting force Fp is greater than the principal cutting force Fc, especially when the depth of cut or feed rate is of the same order as the rounded cutting edge radius. For the micro thin- layer metal cutting, the smaller the feed rate and depth of cut, the greater is the influence of these two parameters on cutting forces.
Authors: Wen Jun Zong, Dan Li, T. Sun, K. Cheng
Abstract: In this paper, a coupled thermo-mechanical FE model is proposed to simulate the cutting temperature’s distribution produced in diamond turning. Simulated results indicate that the heat converting from plastic work has prominent effects on the distribution shape of cutting temperature field, and with an increment in cutting velocity, the locating site of maximal cutting temperature shifts from the contact area between tool tip and chip root to the contact area between rake face and chip. Cutting edge radius has minute influence on the distribution shape of cutting temperature field, but the bigger the cutting edge radius is, the higher the maximum cutting temperature in cutting region. Rake angle also has slight effects on the maximal temperature when it is more than 10○. While clearance angle reaches to 6○, the maximum cutting temperature approaches the smallest.
Authors: Jing He Wang, Shen Dong, H.X. Wang, Ming Jun Chen, Wen Jun Zong, L.J. Zhang
Abstract: The method of single point diamond turning is used to machine KDP crystal. A regression analysis is adopted to construct a prediction model for surface roughness and cutting force, which realizes the purposes of pre-machining design, prediction and control of surface roughness and cutting force. The prediction model is utilized to analyze the influences of feed, cutting speed and depth of cut on the surface roughness and cutting force. And the optimal cutting parameters of KDP crystal on such condition are acquired by optimum design. The optimum estimated values of surface roughness and cutting force are 7.369nm and 0.15N, respectively .Using the optimal cutting parameters, the surface roughness Ra, 7.927nm, and cutting force, 0.19N, are obatained.
Authors: Z.Q. Li, Tao Sun, Wen Jun Zong, Xue Sen Zhao, Shen Dong
Abstract: The nose roundness is one of the most important indexes of lapping quality of rounded diamond cutting tools. Due to its special characters and requirements, a new measuring method was proposed based on atomic force microscope (AFM) and precision-revolution spindle. However, in the measurement the alignment errors of tools with the spindle axis have great influence on the measuring result. By a carefully deducting, the relations between the deviation and the alignment errors were presented. The deviation increases with the eccentric linearly, and has the same value with the eccentric. But it varies with θ dramatically and forms a parabola curve when the deflection angle is negative, otherwise, varies with θ gently and forms a flat Gaussian curve.
Authors: Ming Jun Chen, Ying Chun Liang, Ya Zhou Sun, W.X. Guo, Wen Jun Zong
Abstract: In order to machine complex free surface parts, a micro NC (numerical control) three-dimensional machine tool is developed, integrated the PMAC control. Based on this NC machine tool, the influencing of the technological and tool’s parameters on machining accuracy of micro complex surface parts are analyzed, and the cause to lead to the machining errors is explained. Therefore, the cutting parameters and tool geometry parameters to machine micro complex surface, such as the human’s face, can be selected optimally. Finally, the micro complex human’s face is machined on this developed micro machine tool under optimal parameters. The experimental results show that the machined surface is smooth and continuous. The machined quality is satisfied.
Authors: Wen Jun Zong, Dan Li, T. Sun, K. Cheng, Ying Chun Liang
Abstract: A brittle-ductile transition lapping mechanism is proposed for the mechanical lapping of ultra-precision diamond cutting tools, and then the critical depths of cut for brittle-ductile transition in different orientations and on different planes are deduced in theory. Combined the critical lapping depth with the contact accuracy between rotating scaife and lapped tool surface, the influences of processing factors on cutting edge radius are studied. Both the theoretical analyses and experimental results indicate that the vibration of lapping machine tool and surface quality of scaife have enormous influences on the sharpened cutting edge. And lapping compression force has an optimal value. Lapping rate should be considered when lapping velocity is selected. But the smaller the lapping velocity is, the littler the cutting edge radius sharpened. Finally, the optimal selections are performed for each influencing factor and a perfect diamond tool is lapped in ductile mode with a cutting edge radius of 30~40nm and a surface roughness Ra of 0.7nm.
Authors: Wen Jun Zong, Dan Li, H.X. Wang, T. Sun, K. Cheng, Ming Jun Chen
Abstract: In order to avoid the stochastic damage of micro cleavage on cutting edge, a brittle-ductile transition lapping mechanism is proposed for the mechanical lapping of single crystal diamond cutting tools to direct the tools lapping. As expected, the critical depths of cut for brittle-ductile transition in different orientations and on different crystal planes are calculated. According to the theoretical results, the actual dynamic depth of cut is controlled within the critical depth of cut, which ensures that the tool lapping is carried out in ductile regime and the changes of cutting edge radius characterize with some specific time laws in lapping. Therefore, the time series and nonlinear least square methods are used to analyze the changing laws of cutting edge radius. As a result, a coupled model to build a bridge between the cutting edge radius changes and lapping time is developed. In terms of this developed model, a required cutting edge radius restricts a tool’s lapping time. Above all, the cutting edge radius is known in advance and has no needs measuring. So the production efficiency of diamond cutting tools is improved and its production cost is reduced accordingly.
Authors: H.X. Wang, Wen Jun Zong, Ying Chun Liang, Shen Dong
Abstract: In this paper, Based on regression analysis of tests, three comprehensive experimental models were presented in precision turning high-strength spring steel, Vicker’s hardness, residual stresses and surface roughness can be predicted utilizing these models. And the influence of tool geometry on machined surface integrity was analyzed systematically. The analytical results show that Vicker’s hardness and compressive residual stress will increase with the decrease of rake angle, clearance angle, cutting edge angle or minor cutting edge angle, surface roughness increases with an increase of rake angle or clearance angle and decreases with an increase of cutting edge angle or minor cutting edge angle.
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