Papers by Author: Xiao Min Wang

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Authors: Xu Dong Li, Xiao Min Wang, Xiao Yan Lin, Jian Ming Jiang, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: An organic/inorganic composite hydrogel route was used to prepare collagen-calcium phosphate hybrids with high mechanical strengths, via in-situ mineral synthesis during collagen fibrillogenesis followed by dehydration. An array of characterization techniques including X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses confirmed that the final products are analogous to natural bone. A three-point bending strength of 70 MPa, much higher than the values reported in the literature, was recorded in the present case, due to the three dimensional network structure achieved between inorganic and organic phases. This innovative method provides an efficient route to produce bone grafts with the desirable mechanical properties which are dependent upon the actual inorganic/organic ratio and water content.
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Authors: Xiao Min Wang, Xu Dong Li, Gui Qiu Zheng, Xiao Liang Wang, Xing Dong Zhang, Zhong Wei Gu
Abstract: Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was introduced during in situ synthesis of hydroxyapatite (HA) in neutral collagen (COL) solution and final PVA-COL-HA nanohybrids were achieved via sequential steps including gelation by fibrillogenesis, freezing-thawing physical crosslinking, removal of unreacted residues and dehydration. This method is expected to endow the pure PVA with good bioactivity and meanwhile the presence of elastic PVA would improve the properties of COL-HA composites. The phase, microstructure and possible molecular interactions of the achieved PVA-COL-HA nanohybrids were analyzed by using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results indicate that the inorganic phase is poorly crystallized apatite with a nanometer size due to the confinement of organic macromolecules which forms a network structure.
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Authors: Xiao Min Wang, Xu Dong Li, Gui Qiu Zheng, Jian Ming Jiang, Ji Yong Chen, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: A composite hydrogel with interpenetrating network structure was prepared via in-situ synthesis of calcium phosphates during the physical-chemical crosslinking of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA). The hydrogel water content was tested. Fourier transform infrared absorption spectrum (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy were employed to evaluate the characteristics of the composite hydrogel. The results showed that the composite hydrogel had high water content and that the inorganic phase was poorly crystalline calcium phosphates. FT-IR confirmed that the interpenetrating network structure was formed between PVA and PAA. The chemical interactions between inorganic and organic phases were further investigated and discussed. The composite hydrogel with an interpenetrating network achieved using the present novel method could be a promising material for tissue engineering.
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Authors: Xiao Liang Wang, Xu Dong Li, Xiao Min Wang, Jian Lu, Hui Chuan Zhao, Xing Dong Zhang, Zhong Wei Gu
Abstract: Collagen (Col) and chitosan (Chi) are both natural polymers and have received extensive investigation in recent years in the field of tissue engineering, but there are few reports on the introduction of hydroxyapatite (HA) into the Col-Ch system. In this study, based on the miscibility of these two polymers under proper condition, hydroxyapatite (HA) was synthesis in the Col-Chi system by in-situ co-precipitate method to give rise to a novel nanocomposite. The structural characterization of such Col-Ch-HA nano-materials was carried out by using FT-IR, XRD, SEM and TGA analyses with main components and Col-Chi samples used for comparison. It was found that there exist interactions between Col and Chi molecules. The nucleation and growth of inorganic phase occurs in the Col-Chi system and final products are uniform dispersion of nano-sized HA in the Col-Chi network without obvious phase separation. This novel nanocomposite would be a promising material for bone tissue engineering.
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Authors: Gui Qiu Zheng, Xu Dong Li, Xiao Min Wang, Su Hong Yu, Zhong Wei Gu, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: Synthesis of hydroxyapatite (HA) in organic solutions has received extensive attention in recent years with an attempt to obtain HA of a nanometer level. In this preliminary study, we demonstrated that organic-HA nanocomposites could also be achieved with one step method via in situ mineralization and subsequent crosslinking of organic species. This design was realized through in situ synthesis of hydroxyapatite in poly(vinyl alcohol) and acrylic acid aqueous solution as an organic template. The aforementioned organic-inorganic nanocomposites were analyzed by using X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electrical microscopy, thermal analysis. The comparative structural measurements were also conducted with the synthesized HA with absence of the organic template. The results indicated that the existence of organic species effectively inhibits the growth of calcium phosphate and that relatively pure HA can be obtained in sintered composite products. The present study provides a direct and versatile route for fabrication of nanocomposite biomaterials.
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