Papers by Author: Y. Shimomura

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Authors: Masataka Yoshikawa, T. Yabuuchi, N. Tsuji, Y. Shimomura, H. Hayashi, Hajime Ohgushi
Abstract: Porous hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds were processed in hyaluronic acid solution. Bone marrow cells obtained from the bone shaft of femurs of Fischer 344 rats at 1×106/ml concentration were seeded in pores of the scaffolds. The scaffolds were implanted in the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of rats for 2, 4, 6 or 8 weeks. Removed HA scaffolds at 2 and 4 week after dorsal subcutaneous implantation were histologically examined. At all experimental periods, osteocalcin in the scaffold was immunochemically measured for the quantitative analysis of osteogenesis by bone marrow cells in the porous HA scaffolds. Moreover, value of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in the scaffolds was measured. Osteocalcin measured in scaffolds without bone marrow cells was 1.3 ng in an average and the ALP activity was 62.2 μmol at 4 week. In hyaluronic acid processed scaffold with bone marrow cells, quantity of osteocalcin increased from 1.6 ng at 2 week to 2.2 ng at 4 week after implantation of the scaffold. Histologically, many pores containing bone in the scaffolds immersed in hyaluronic acid solution were detected. Significant difference of the quantity of osteocalcin was recognized between 2 and 4 week implantation. There was no significant difference in the quantity of osteocalcin between the scaffolds implanted for 4 and 8 weeks. Value of ALP activity of the scaffold implanted for 4 weeks showed significant difference comparing with that implanted for 6 and 8 weeks. From the results of this study, quantitative increase of the bone formation in the pores of HA scaffolds would be able to observe from 6 to 8 weeks after implantation on the scaffolds by immersion in hyaluronic acid solution
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Authors: N. Tsuji, Masataka Yoshikawa, Y. Shimomura, T. Yabuuchi, H. Hayashi, Hajime Ohgushi
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to estimate influence of lysine for osteogenesis in the porous hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds with bone marrow cells. The HA scaffolds were soaked in 100mM concentration of lysine solution. They were kept in bone marrow cell suspension at 1×106 cells/ml density. Another HA scaffolds without immersion in lysine solution were kept in the cell suspension at 1×106 or 1×107 cells/ml density. They were respectively implanted into dorsal subcutis of rats for 4 weeks. Serially sectioned paraffin specimens were made and observed histologically. In several sections, total pores and ones with bone were counted. Many pores containing bone were found in1×107 cells/ml concentration group. The significant difference was between 1×107 cells/ml group, the lysine group, and 1×106 cells/ml group. Although more bone formation was seen in lysine group than in 1×106 cells/ml group. There was no significant difference between the groups. Concentration of lysine to add in culture medium or scaffold should be improved respectively.
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