Papers by Keyword: Activated Carbon (AC)

Paper TitlePage

Authors: Yu Ke Yang, Hua Zhang, Shao Gang Jin
Abstract: The major indoor air pollution-formaldehyde has been a serious threat to our lives to our lives, and accordingly the formaldehyde degradation has turned into a concerned issue of public. This paper has based on a number of degradation methods and combined the adsorption effect of activated carbon with the catalytic effect of MnO2 to remove formaldehyde. The results show that the Nano-MnO2 particles loaded the surface of activated carbon particles possesses smaller sizes, better dispersion and no agglomeration, and consequently the AC/MnO2 compounds degraded formaldehyde effectively.
1743
Authors: Feng Wu, Hua Quan Lu, Yue Feng Su, Shi Chen, Yi Biao Guan
Abstract: A simple strategy of pre-doping lithium ion into carbon negative electrode for lithium ion capacitor was introduced. In this strategy, a kind of Li-containing compound was added directly into the positive electrode of the lithium ion capacitor (LIC). When the lithium ion capacitor was charging first time, the Li-containing compound releases Li+, and the pre-doping of lithium ion into the negative electrode was performed. Here, we developed a lithium ion capacitor using Meso-carbon microbeads (MCMB)/activated carbon (AC) as the negative and positive electrode materials, respectively and use the lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) as the Li-containing compound, which supply the Li+ ions for pre-doping. The results demonstrated that, by adding 20 percent of LiFePO4 into the positive electrode, the efficiency of the capacitor increases from lower than 60% up to higher than 90%, and the capacitor shows good capacitance characteristics and high capacity.
142
Authors: Byeoung Ku Kim, Young Seak Lee, Seung Kon Ryu, Byung Joo Kim, Soo Jin Park
Abstract: In this work, to introduce polar functional groups on carbon surfaces, activated carbon fibers (ACFs) were treated by nitric acid in order to enhance the adsorption capacity of propylamine which was one of toxic gases in cigarette smoke. It was found that the polar functional groups were predominantly increased up to 2.0 M of nitric acid, resulting in the increase of total surface acidity. It was found that the adsorption amount of propylamine of the modified ACFs was increased around 17% after a nitric acid treatment. From the XPS results, it was observed that propylamine was reacted with strong or weak polar (acidic) groups, such as COOH, -COO or OH existed on the ACF surfaces.
211
Authors: Yi Min Dai, Ru Bin Tan, Wen Min Shi, Zhen Fei Liang, Long Tan
Abstract: Taking Cu(CH3COO)2·H2O and activated carbon (AC) which was treated by acid and alkali as raw materials. The polylol reduction method was then adopted to prepare the cuprous oxide and activated carbon composite material. The structure and morphology of composite material samples were characterized by BET, SEM and XRD. The effects of cuprous oxide and activated carbon composite material on reducing the hazards of hydrocyanic acid in the cigarette were studied. Different pretreatment methods and the effect of mixture ratio to drop focal relieving harm of hydrocyanic acid in the cigarette were examined.
306
Authors: Xiao Jun He, Ting Wang, Ru Chun Li, Ming Dong Zheng, Xiao Yong Zhang
Abstract: Activated carbons (ACs) were prepared by microwave−assisted heating of bituminous coal with KOH as activation agent in different gas media for supercapacitors. The pore structure parameters of ACs are obtained by using nitrogen adsorption technique. ACs prepared in static nitrogen, flowing nitrogen and carbon dioxide are denoted as ACStatic-N2, ACFlowing-N2, ACFlowing-CO2. The specific surface area of ACFlowing-N2 is the biggest among the three ACs, which reaches 1201 m2g-1 with total pore volume being at 0.64 cm3 g-1. The specific capacitance of ACFlowing-N2 electrode and energy density of ACFlowing-N2 capacitor is the biggest among the three AC samples with specific capacitance being at 302.6 F g-1 and energy density being at 10.1 Wh kg-1 after 400 cycles. The microwave−assisted KOH activation of coal is an efficient approach to the preparation of ACs for supercapacitors.
1230
Authors: Tie Shi He, Wei Fang Mu, Chun Jiao Zhang, Zhen Xing Jin, Ke Di Cai
Abstract: In this study, we investigated a simple strategy by introducing a adhesion promoter into the electrode to improve decrease bonder content and the supercapacitor performance. The improved electrodes are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical measurements. According to the results, the treated activated carbon electrode retains good adhesion strength with smaller bonder content. The electrode prepared using activated carbon treated with the adhesion promoter and a bonder mass content of 7.0 % shows the best electrochemical performance. The specific capacitance reaches 347.5 F•g-1, whereas the internal resistance is 0.94 Ω.
3645
Authors: Ke Di Cai, Wei Fang Mu
Abstract: A novel and simple strategy by introducing a titanate coupling agent into the electrode to improve the supercapacitor performance has been developed in this study. The surface modification of the activated carbon material are conducted under neutral conditions. The improved electrodes are characterized by mechanical tests and electrochemical measurements. The obtained results reveal that the treated activated carbon electrode retains good mechanical properties with decreased bonder content. The electrode prepared using activated carbon treated with the Titanate coupling agent and a bonder mass content of 8.0 % shows the best electrochemical performance. The specific capacitance reaches 376.2 F•g-1, whereas the internal resistance is 0.91 Ω.
3649
Authors: Hong Yan Ban, Jiao Wei, Xiao Zhi Sun, Zhi Gang Fang
Abstract: The application of activated carbon (AC) supported Fe-Cu-K catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is studied. The catalyst prepared using the AC as support showed remarkably improvement of reaction performance. The improvement of the reaction performance obtained for the AC is probably ascribed to the physical structure and surface chemistry of AC. The support and corresponding catalyst are characterized by N2 adsorption. Catalytic performance of the catalyst during FT synthesis was excellent. Syngas conversion was about 74%, whereas methane selectivity was low (~2 %).
161
Authors: Jian Chen, Zheng Hao Fei, Wei Hua Tao, Gen Cheng Zhang
Abstract: The adsorption and desorption of tetracycline were investigated by static experiments, and two kinds of activated carbons were employed as adsorbents. And related properties of the adsorbate and adsorbents were studied to support the adsorption mechanism exploration. The results suggested that fairly strong H-bonding exists between the functional groups of activated carbons and tetracycline.
561
Authors: Dong Juan Kang, Xiao Long Tang, Jin Hui Peng, Hong Hong Yi, Ping Ni, Zhi Qing Ye, Kai Li
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the adsorption characteristics of nitric oxide (NO) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) on raw coal activated carbon over temperature ranged 298~343K using a static volumetric adsorption apparatus. The adsorption equilibrium data for NO and SO2 were fitted to Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) and Sips adsorption isotherm model. Isosteric heat of adsorption was determined by the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. It was found that Sips adsorption isotherm model is more suitable for description of NO adsorption process at 298K, 313K and 328K and SO2 adsorption process at 313K, 328K and 343K, however, D-R adsorption isotherm model is more suitable for description of the NO adsorption process at 343K and SO2 adsorption process at 298K. The isosteric heat of adsorption values of SO2 increase slightly as the adsorbed amounts increasing from 0.8 to 1.6mg/g, but the isosteric heat of adsorption values of NO show a converse trend. Meanwhile, NO and SO2 adsorbed on coal activated carbon at the four temperatures may be a dominant of physical adsorption.
3056
Showing 1 to 10 of 129 Paper Titles