Papers by Keyword: Apatite

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Authors: Yan Bao Li, Qing Lin, Jun Sheng Chen, Xiang Hui Lan, Chun Hua Lu, Dong Xu Li, Zhong Zi Xu
Abstract: The bioactivity of potassium titanate whiskers (PTW) was evaluated by soaking in simulated body fluids (SBF, Kokubo solution). At first, PTW was chemically treated by 1 M HCl and 1 M NaOH solutions at 60 oC for 48 h, respectively. Then PTW before and after treated were soaked in SBF solution and cultured at 37 oC for different times. The apatite deposit on PTW was examined by FTIR and SEM/EDX. The results showed that there was not apatite deposit on the raw PTW even after soaked for 14 days while apatite appeared on the treated PTW after soaked for only 7 days. This implies that treatment by HCl/NaOH solutions can improve the in vitro bioactivity of PTW. The possible mechanism is that more Ti–OH groups occur after treatment and induce Ca2+ and PO4 3- aggregate and accelerate to deposit of apatite. The bioactive PTW with good biocompatibility is a potential candidate as reinforcing agent to improve the mechanical properties of calcium phosphate ceramics or cements.
Authors: Yusuke Nakashima, Michiyo Honda, Toshiisa Konishi, Minori Mizumoto, Mamoru Aizawa
Abstract: In our previous study, silicon-containing hydroxyapatite (Si-HAp) powder was prepared via an aqueous precipitation reaction. The Si-HAp powders were synthesized with desired Si contents (0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.6, and 2.4 mass%) as a nominal composition. Another previous study in our group demonstrated surface-modification of HAp powder with inositol phosphate (IP6) enhanced the compressive strength of apatite cement. Thus, to fabricate the cements with higher bioactivity, the above Si-HAp powders were surface-modified with IP6 (IP6-Si-HAp). The IP6-Si-HAp cements with various Si contents were fabricated by mixing with pure water at the powder/liquid ratio of 1/0.4 [w/v]. In order to clarify biocompatibility of the IP6-Si-HAP cements in the present work, MC3T3-E1 cells as a model of osteoblast were seeded on the cement specimens. As for the numbers of cells cultured on the IP6-Si-HAp cements, the substitution of lower levels of Si into HAp lattice did not greatly influence the cell proliferation. However, the substitution of Si amount over 0.8 mass% enhanced the cell proliferation. Especially, the IP6-Si-HAp cement with the Si content of 2.4 mass% showed excellent cell proliferation among examined specimens. Therefore, to fabricate the cements with higher bioactivity, it is necessary to control the amount of Si in the IP6-Si-HAp cements. The usage of these IP6-Si-HAp cements may make it possible to fabricate the cements with higher bioactivity, compare to conventional pure HAp cements.
Authors: B.J.M. Leite Ferreira, M.C.F. Magalhães, Rui N. Correia
Abstract: We investigated the in vitro formation of apatites and other biologically relevant calcium phosphates, in particular the influence of temperature and pH in the nature of the mineral phases. With this purpose several calcium phosphates were synthesized under controlled conditions, in presence of atmospheric CO2. The results obtained suggest that both factors under study, temperature and pH, have major influence in the nature of the mineral phases obtained.
Authors: F.Z. Boujrhal, El Kebir Hlil, R.Cherkaoui El Moursli, T. El Khoukhi, B. Sghir
Abstract: Comparative radon investigations of two natural materials, crystalline apatite and amorphous oxide, are presented here. The radon retention in the apatite (sedimentary apatite) is more than 70% of the total radon formed in the solid matrix. The amorphous oxide (gel hydrothermal alteration) retains only 7% of radon. The nature of the material which plays an important role in the radon diffusion is confirmed by heat treatment. The major and interesting result of this heat treatment is increasing of crystallite size. This phenomenon induces improvement on radon retention ability. To study these properties one uses a structure band calculations based on the Linear Combinations of Orbital Atomic (LCAO) method convenient numerically for the ionic systems.
Authors: Guo Ping Chen, Takashi Ushida, Tetsuya Tateishi
Authors: Artemis Stamboulis, Robert G. Hill, Robert V. Law, Shigeki Matsuya
Authors: F. Dabbarh, A. Rodrigues El Zein, C. Chaput
Authors: Sabrina Barheine, Satoshi Hayakawa, Akiyoshi Osaka, Christian Jaeger
Abstract: The incorporation of ions in the lattice of hydroxyapatite alters significantly its structure. Particularly, if anions such as trigonal borate units are accommodated in the lattice severe distortions must occur around the substitution site because of different geometric shape, electric charge and anion size. Solid-state NMR has been used to investigate this problem in detail for a hydroxyapatite sample synthesized by high temperature solid state reaction. The results clearly verify the existence of network distortions. Indeed, only about 1/3 of the total phosphate content forms crystalline hydroxyapatite (also found in XRD) whereas the residual amount is contained in two different phosphate sites with 31P chemical shifts of 5.5 ppm and 2.3 ppm, but broad resonances lines suggesting disorder. Furthermore, a novel proton signal at -0.6 ppm was found which is directly associated with the borate incorporation. No specific correlation of the two structurally different borate units with the two phosphate groups is found.
Authors: Yun Qing Kang, Guang Fu Yin, Ke Feng Wang, Lin Luo, Li Liao, Ya Dong Yao
Abstract: The ability of apatite to form on the surface of biomaterials in simulated body fluid (SBF) has been widely used to predict the bone-bonding ability of bioceramic and bioceramic/polymer composites in vivo. Porous β-tricalcium phosphate/poly(L-lactic acid) (β-TCP/PLLA) composite scaffold was synthesized by new method. The ability of inducing calcium phosphate (Ca-P) formation was compared in static simulated body fluid(sSBF) and dynamic simulated body fluid (dSBF). The Ca-P morphology and crystal structures were identified using SEM, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the typical features of bone-like apatite formation on the surface and the inner pore wall of β-TCP/PLLA. Ca-P formation on scaffold surfaces in dSBF occurred slower than in sSBF and was more difficult with increasing flow rate of dSBF. The ability of apatite to form on β-TCP/PLLA was enhanced by effect of each other that has different degradable mechanism. Porous β-TCP/PLLA composite scaffold indicates good ability of Ca-P formation in vitro.
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