Papers by Keyword: Bioactive Component

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Authors: Gong Xiu He, Dang Quan Zhang, Qi Mei Liu, Kuan Peng
Abstract: The extractives of oil-tea cake are considered to have bioactive components, but the extracted residues of oil-tea cake are still not utilized. The analytical result by 450°C-based Pyrolysis-GC/MS showed that 42 peaks were obtained from the 450°C pyrolyzate of benzene/ethanol-extracted residues of oil-tea cake, and 41 compounds representing 97.53% of the total areas were identified. The analytical result revealed that the main components of benzene/ethanol-extracted residues of oil-tea cake by 450°C-based pyrolysis- GC/MS were as: Ethanone, 1-(2-Hydroxy-5-Methylphenyl)- (19.16%), Phenol, 2-Methoxy-6-(2-Propenyl)- (15.24%), Mequinol (14.37%), 2-Cyclohexen-1-One, 4,4,6-Trimethyl- (6.51%), 1,2-Cyclobutanedicarboxylic Acid, Trans- (5.68%), 3-Tert-Butyl-4-Hydroxyanisole (4.92%), Phenol, 2-Methoxy-4-Methyl- (4.33%), Phenol, 4-Ethyl-2-Methoxy- (3.62%), Vanillin (3.59%), Phenol, 2,6-Dimethoxy-4- (2-Propenyl)- (3.17%), N,N-Dimethyl-2-Cyclohexyloxyethylamine (2.94%), 1,3-Cyclopentanedione, 2-Methyl- (2.85%), Eugenol (2.56%), etc. The results of function analyses showed that the benzene/ethanol-extracted residues of oil-tea cake contain abundant components of rare natural medicinal materials, and materials of high-grade spice, cosmetic and food industry.
472
Authors: Kuan Peng, Dang Quan Zhang, Huai Yun Zhang
Abstract: Researches about the analysis and identificaion of chemical components of old bark from Cinnamomum camphora trunk were very less. Therefore, 550 °C-based pyrolysis- GC/MS technology was used to identify the top value-added biomedical constituents of old bark-based benzene/ethanol extractives from C. camphora trunk. 107 chemical constituents representing 99.316% were identified from 120 peaks. The main components are as: 1-Nonadecene (6.313% from two peaks), Octacosane (5.749% from two peaks), Octacosanoic acid, methyl ester (4.706%), 9-Tricosene, (Z)- (4.273% from seven peaks), 2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol (2.385% from three peaks), Pyridine-3-carboxamide, oxime, N-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl)- (2.320% from three peaks), 25-Noroleana-9,12-dien-29-oic acid, 5-methyl-11-oxo-, (18.alpha.)- (2.165%), Cyclotriacontane (2.117%), Nonacosane (1.947%), 2-Pentene, (E)- (1.933%), Octadecane (1.932% from two peaks), Octacosane (1.898%), Hexacosanoic acid, methyl ester (1.861%), 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, butyl 2-methylpropyl ester (1.849%), Tetracosanoic acid, methyl ester (1.774%), 1-Hexene (1.742), Cyclotetracosane (1.719%), Hexadecane (1.435% from two peaks), etc. The result of functional analysis suggested that the 550 °C pyrolyzate of benzene/ethanol extractives from C. camphora old bark is abundant in biomedical constituents and other bioactive components, which can be used as top value-added materials of high-grade cosmetic, food, spice and chemical solvents.
496
Authors: Qi Mei Liu, Wan Xi Peng
Abstract: The analytical result by 80°С-based TD-GC/MS showed that 65 peaks were obtained from the helium volatiles from the fresh branches of Cinnamomum camphora and 60 chemical compounds were identified. The results showed that the main components were as: 1,3-Benzodioxole, 5-(2-propenyl)- (12.629%), Tricyclo[2.2.1.0(2,6)]heptane, 1,7-dimethyl-7-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-, (-)- (10.302%), 3-Cyclohexene-1-methanol, .alpha.,.alpha.4-trimethyl- (9.084%), Bicyclo[2.2.1] heptan-2-one, 1,7,7-trimethyl-, (1R)- (7.406%), Nerolidol (6.695%), Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2-methyl-3-methylene-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-, (1S-exo)- (6.017%), Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, 1,7,7-trimethyl-, (.+/-.)- (4.885%), Bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene, 2,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)- (4.680%), Naphthalene, 1,2,3,5,6,8a-hexahydro-4,7-dimethyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-, (1S-cis)- (4.139%), 3-Cyclohexen-1-ol, 4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-, (R)- (3.538%), Copaene (2.749%), Bicyclo[2.2.1] heptan-2-ol, 1,7,7-trimethyl-, (1S-endo)- (2.643%), Acetic acid, 1,7,7-trimethyl-bicyclo [2.2.1]hept-2-yl ester (2.536%), Cyclohexane, bromo- (2.530%), 1,6,10-Dodecatriene, 7,11- dimethyl-3-methylene-, (E)- (1.725%), Naphthalene, 1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydro-7-methyl-4- methylene-1-(1-methylethyl)-, (1.alpha.,4a.beta.,8a.alpha.)- (1.265%), Bicyclo[4.4.0]dec-1-ene, 2-isopropyl-5-methyl-9-methylene- (1.174%), (-)-Isosativene (1.149%), 11-Tetradecen-1-ol acetate (1.118%), .alpha.-Cadinol (1.061%), etc. The analytical result suggested that the helium volatiles from the fresh branches of C. camphora could be used as industrial materials of biomedicines, spicery and food industry.
466
Authors: Xiao Yi Hu, Dang Quan Zhang, Lin Lin Guo
Abstract: The petroleum ether extractives of oil-tea cake was analyzed and identified by Py-GC/MS. The analytical result showed that 65 peaks were obtained from the 550°C pyrolyzates of petroleum ether extractives of oil-tea cake and 61 compounds representing 97.63 % of the total areas were identified. The analytical result showed that the main components of 550°C pyrolyzates of petroleum ether extractives of oil-tea cake by pyrolysis- GC/MS were as: 1-Dotriacontanol (11.57% from five peaks), 3-Cyclohexene-1-Methanol, .Alpha.,.Alpha, 4-Trimethyl-,(S)- (10.52%), Cis-2-Ethylcyclopentanecarboxaldehyde (9.89%), Trans-Sobrerol (8.27%), 1,3-Benzodioxole, 5-(1-Propenyl)- (7.65%), Cholestan-3-Ol, 2-Methylene-, (3.Beta., 5alpha)- (6.81%),1,2-Trans-1,5- Trans-2,5-Dihydroxy-4-Methyl-1-(1-Hydroxy-1-Isopropylcyc (5.02%), 4-Nonanone, 2,6,8-Trimethyl - (4.69%), Bicyclo 2.2.1 Heptan-2-One, 1,7,7-Trimethyl-,(1s)- (4.55%), Squalene (3.86%), (R)-(-)-(Z)-14-Methyl-8-Hexadecen-1-Ol (2.97%), Undecane 2-Cyclohexyl-, 2-Cyclohexyl- (2.53%), 4,8,13-Cyclotetradecatriene-1,3-Diol, 1,5,9-Trimethyl-12- (1-Methylethlyl)- (1.94%), 3,4-(Methylenedioxy)Toluene (1.88%), Hexadecanoic Acid, 2-Hydroxy-1,3-Propanediyl Ester (1.37%), etc. The result of function analyses suggested that the petroleum ether extractives of oil-tea cake contain abundant components of materials which can be developed into rare natural medicinal, high-grade spice, cosmetic, food, etc.
507
Authors: Dang Quan Zhang, Qi Mei Liu, Lin Lin Guo, Huai Yun Zhang
Abstract: The extractives of bamboo root was often used to cure some intractable diseases in the countryside of China, but the components of bamboo root extract are still unresolved. Therefore, 300 °C-based pyrolysis- GC/MS technology was used to identify and analyze the top value-added biomedical and bioactive components of benzene/ethanol extractives of Moso bamboo root. 45 compounds representing 97.316 % of the total areas were identified (Table 1) from 55 peaks. The main chemical components of benzene/methanol extractives of Moso bamboo root by 300°C-based Pyrolysis- GC/MS are as: 1,3-BENZODIOXOLE, 5-(1-PROPENYL)- (15.263%), NAPHTHALENE (12.316%), 1,2-BENZENEDICARBOXYLICACID,BIS(2-METHYLPROPYL) ESTER (9.385%), BENZENE, 1,2-DIMETHOXY-4-(2-PROPENYL)- (7.624%), 2-PROPENOIC ACID, 3-(2-HYDROXYPHENYL)- (E)- (6.012%), 4-HYDROXY-2-METHYLACETOPHENONE (5.226%), 1,2-BENZENEDICARBOXYLIC ACID, BUTYL2-METHYLPROPYL ESTER (4.328%), etc. The result showed that the 300 °C pyrolyzate of benzene/ethanol extractives of Moso bamboo root is rich in biomedical components, and also contains some bioactive components which can be used as top value-added materials of high-grade spice, cosmetic and food.
857
Authors: Yu Ping Li, Li Hua Yao, Guang Jie Wu, Fu Quan Jiang, Xiang Yuan Xiong, Xin Ping Liu
Abstract: Xiao-Yan-Hua-Jie-San (XYHJS), a traditional Chinese prescription, is used as a medication recipe to clinically treat inflammation and hepatitis. In previous study, we reported the hepatoprotective effects of XYHJS by increasing an antioxidant enzyme activity in mice. In the present study, the main bioactive components of XYHJS and their antioxidant activity were further investigated by using different model systems in vitro. The total phenolics content in the extract of XYHJS was determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Analysis of the major phenolic compounds in the extract of XYHYS was carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and thin layer chromatographic (TLC) method. The total phenolic content of the extract was 2.84 ± 0.06 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g extract powder. The phenolic acid in XYHJS was found to be gallic acid (GA). The content of GA was 2.80 mg/ml by HPLC (n=5, RSD=1.26%). Furthermore, the antioxidant activity of XYHJS extract was determined by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging activity and hydroxyl free radicals (·OH) scavenging activity assay. The radical scavenging activity of XYHJS increased significantly in a concentration-dependent manner. At a concentration of 2.5 mg/ml, the DPPH and ·OH scavenging activity was 89.94% and 91.53%, respectively. It can be concluded that the content of GA in XYHJS is very high and it is the main contributor to the antioxidant activity of XYHJS. Our study indicates that XYHJS prescription could be considered to be an effective agent in the prevention of various liver diseases associated with oxidative stress.
1020
Authors: Yan Ling Zeng, Dang Quan Zhang, Kuan Peng
Abstract: A high temperature Pyrolysis (600°C) correlated with GC/MS was used to analyze the bioactive components of acetone extractives from oil-tea cake. The analytical result showed that 44 peaks were obtained from the 600°C pyrolyzate of acetone extractives of oil-tea cake and 42 compounds representing 99.12 % of the total areas were acetone extractives of oil-tea cake by 600°C-based pyrolysis- GC/MS were as: 3',5'-Dimethoxyacetophenone (22.16%), 9-Octadecenal, (Z)- (13.47%), Hexadecanoic Acid (8.36%), Dodecane, 1-Fluoro- (5.19%), Benzothiazole, 2-(Methylthio)- (4.61%), Naphthalene, 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-1,4,6-Trimethyl- (3.87%), .Gamma.-Sitosterol (3.16%), Naphthalene, 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,8a-Octahydro-1,8a-Dimethyl-7-(1-Methyletheny (3.12%), 1,4-Dimethyl-1,2,3,4- Tetrahydronaphthalene (2.69%), Squalene (2.08%), Bis(2-Methoxyethyl) Phthalate (1.83%), Ergost-5-En-3-Ol, (3.Beta.)- (1.65%), etc. The result of function analyses showed that the 600°C pyrolyzate of acetone extractives of oil-tea cake contain abundant components of rare natural medicinal materials, and materials of high-grade spice and cosmetic.
490
Authors: Qi Mei Liu, Dang Quan Zhang, Kuan Peng, Wan Xi Peng
Abstract: Cinnamomum camphora has been used to heal some specific diseases in the Chinese Folk for a long time. In order to explore the wide utilization in biomedicine and spicery, the chemical components of helium volatiles from the fresh branches of C. camphora were studied by TD-GC/MS. The analytical result by TD-GC/MS showed that 50 peaks were obtained from the helium volatiles from the fresh branches of C. camphora and 46 chemical compounds representing 99.993% of the total areas were identified. The results showed that the main components were as: Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, 1,7,7-trimethyl-, (1R)- (9.620%), 3-Cyclohexene-1- methanol, .alpha.,.alpha.4-trimethyl- (9.425%), 1,3-Benzodioxole, 5-(2-propenyl)- (8.223%), Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2-methyl-3-methylene-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-, (1S-exo)- (7.541%), Tricyclo[2.2.1.0(2,6)]heptane, 1,7-dimethyl-7-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-, (-)- (6.884%), Bicyclo[3.1.1] hept-2-ene, 2,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)- (6.050%), Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, 1,7,7- trimethyl-, (1S)- (4.678%), 1,3-Benzodioxole, 5-(2-propenyl)- (4.500%), Naphthalene, 1,2,3,5,6,8a- hexahydro-4,7-dimethyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-, (1S-cis)- (4.491%), 3-Cyclohexen-1-ol, 4-methyl-1- (1-methylethyl)-, (R)- (4.254%), Copaene (4.120%), Tricyclo[2.2.1.0(2,6)]heptane, 1,7-dimethyl-7- (4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-, (-)- (4.097%), Acetic acid, 1,7,7-trimethyl-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl ester (3.574%), Borneol 3.334%), 3-(4-N,N-Dimethylaminophenyl)propenoic acid, 2- (diethoxyphosphinyl)-, ethyl ester (2.809%), Eucalyptol (2.096%), 1,6,10-Dodecatriene, 7,11- dimethyl-3-methylene-, (Z)- (1.885%), (-)-Isosativene (1.664%), 1,6,10-Dodecatrien-3-ol, 3,7,11-trimethyl- (1.407%), Cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(5-methyl-1-methylene-4-hexenyl)-, (S)- (1.218%), 1,4-Methanoazulene, decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-, [1S-(1.alpha.,3a.beta., 4.alpha.,8a.beta.)]- (1.174%), .alpha.-Caryophyllene (1.156%), etc. The analytical result suggested that the helium volatiles from the fresh branches of C. camphora can be applicable to biomedicine and spicery industrial materials.
266
Authors: Qing Li, Dang Quan Zhang, Qi Mei Liu, Kuan Peng
Abstract: The chemical components of helium volatiles from the fresh branches of Cinnamomum camphora were studied by TD-GC/MS. The analytical result by 60°С-based TD-GC/MS showed that 55 peaks were obtained from the helium volatiles from the fresh branches of Cinnamomum camphora and 53 chemical compounds were identified. The results showed that the main components were as: Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, 1,7,7-trimethyl-, (1R)- (15.4328%), 1,3-Benzodioxole, 5-(2-propenyl)- (14.881%), Tricyclo[2.2.1.0(2,6)]heptane, 1,7-dimethyl-7-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-, (-)- (12.694%), p-menth-1-en-8-ol (9.832%), Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2-methyl-3-methylene-2-(4-methyl-3- pentenyl)-, (1S-exo)- (6.143%), 1,6,10-Dodecatrien-3-ol, 3,7,11-trimethyl- (5.365%), Bicyclo[3.1.1] hept-2-ene, 2,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)- (4.527%), Naphthalene, 1,2,3,5,6,8a- hexahydro-4,7-dimethyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-, (1S-cis)- (4.129%), 3-Cyclohexen-1-ol, 4-methyl-1- (1-methylethyl)- (2.965%), Borneol (2.627%), Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ol, 1,7,7-trimethyl-, acetate, (1S-endo)- (2.586%), Copaene (2.534%), 1,6,10-Dodecatriene, 7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-, (Z)- (1.612%), (-)-Isosativene (1.121%), etc. The analytical result suggested that the helium volatiles from the fresh branches of Cinnamomum camphora could be used as industrial materials of biomedicines and spicery.
852
Authors: Qing Li, Kuan Peng, Dang Quan Zhang
Abstract: The bioactive components of acetone/ethanol extractives of Moso bamboo root was identified by 600°C-based Pyrolysis-GC/MS. 45 compounds representing 96.31 % of the total areas were identified from these 47 peaks. The main components in the 600°C pyrolyzate of benzene/methanol extractives of Moso bamboo root by Pyrolysis- GC/MS analysis are as: Phenol, 2,6-Dimethoxy- (12.58%), 4-Hydroxy-2-Methylacetophenone (9.53%), 3',5'-Dimethoxy- acetophenone (8.15%), Mequinol (7.84%), 2-Propenoic Acid, 3-(2-Hydroxyphenyl)-,(E)- (7.49%), .Gamma.-Sitosterol (3.62%), 1,3-Benzodioxole, 5-(1-Propenyl)- (3.61%), Thiophene, 2-Isobutyl-5-Isopentyl- (3.28%), Phenol, 2-Methoxy-4-(1-Propenyl)- (3.03%), Tetradecanoic Acid (2.96%), Phenol, 2,6-Dimethoxy-4-(2-Propenyl)- (2.74%), Phosphonic Acid, (P-Hydroxyphenyl)- (2.21%), Furan, 2-Methoxy- (1.97%), Squalene (1.83%), Z,Z-6,28-Heptatriactontadien-2-One (1.72%), Bis(2-Methoxyethyl) Phthalate (1.55%), etc. The result showed that the 600°C pyrolyzate of acetone/ethanol extractives of Moso bamboo root is rich in biomedical components, and also contains some bioactive components which can be used as top value-added materials of high-grade spice, cosmetic and food industry.
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