Papers by Keyword: Blast Furnace Slag

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Authors: Pavel Mec, Jana Boháčová, Josef Koňařík, Petr Závrský
Abstract: Alkali-activated systems, formed by the alkaline activation are inorganic materials characterized by the potential of ecological use. The objective of experiment was to investigate the influence of different activators on selected properties of alkali-activated systems based on granulated blast furnace slag. At the beginning of the experiment, 21 different samples prepared of 12 types of activators were tested to the basic properties. Then, selected samples with the best potencial to use were tested to compressive and flexural strength, frost resistance and surface resistance to chemical de-icing substances. The initial setting time achieved 25 - 95 minutes and final setting time achieved 30 - 105 minutes, compressive strengths were in the range 40 - 100MPa, frost resistance and resistance of surface to water and defrosting chemicals were confirmed.
Authors: Hyun Min Yang, Myung Won Cho, Won Jun Park, Han Seung Lee
Abstract: Concrete with blast furnace slag (BFS) shows varied strength development properties under general temperature conditions. Therefore, a precise prediction of compressive strength using a full maturity model is desired. The purpose of this study is to predict the compressive strength of concrete with BFS by calculating the apparent activation energy (Ea) for each BFS replacement ratio, applying this activation energy to the equivalent age model, and then using the Carino model. For BFS replacement ratios of 0%, 10%, 30%, and 50%, Ea is calculated as 33.475 kJ/mol, 37.325 kJ/mol, 41.958 kJ/mol and 45.541 kJ/mol respectively. Finally, the compressive strength of concrete with BFS is predicted.
Authors: Aimi Noorliyana Hashim, Kamrosni Abdul Razak, Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah, Noor Mariamadzliza Mohd Nan, Noor Azira Mohd Noor
Abstract: The characteristics of mortars made from ordinary Portland cement with various composition of ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) were investigated in this research. Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) was chose as an alternative binder to partially replace high energy consuming Portland cement in concrete according to the composition of the slag itself. GGBS were blended with Portland cement from 20 to 80 weight percent. The samples were mechanically tested for water absorption and compressive strength after 7, 14 and 28 days. From research, the most suitable proportion is 60% OPC + 40% GGBS which gain the highest compressive strength and the lowest water absorption among OPC blended mortars. These mortars used water to hydrate and solidify with ratio water to binders 0.7 equally.
Authors: M.O. Korovkin, N.A. Eroshkina
Abstract: The influence of the milled opoka of Penza field and blast-furnace slag with the polycarboxylate superplasticizer present on the properties of mortar component of the concrete based on blended cement, including Portland cement, fly ash, blast-furnace slag, silica fume, and microquartz has been investigated. Some equations for the dependency of water requirement of the cement mortar component, as well as of its strength with various values of time on proportion of superplasticizer and components of blended binder have been developed. It has been shown that the introduction of opoka increases the water requirement of the mix, insignificantly decreasing the strength, when proportioned up to 15%. The detrimental effect of opoka on the strength considerably reduces with higher superplasticizer content and lower water-to-cement ratio.
Authors: Leonid Skipin, Vera Petukhova, Elena Gaevaya, Elena Zakharova, Aleksandr Mitrikovskiy
Abstract: The paper presents the study on the physical properties of the cuttings. Culvert capacity of the drill cuttings with different coagulants is considered. The water permeability of the studied samples varies depending on the quality of the composition and the dosage of a coagulant used. The coagulants have been proposed as aluminium sulphate, iron sulphate, calcium chloride, gypsum, phosphogypsum, serpentine, blast furnace slag, calcium carbonate and carnallite. Iron and aluminium sulphates, calcium chloride, gypsum and phosphogypsum appear to be the most effective when acting on the water permeability in the drill cuttings. With regard to the variants incorporating the complete response curve, the optimal dose of ameliorant can be determined after maximum filtration of water in the column. This method allows the dose of coagulant to be determined by the filtration threshold. The optimal dose for iron sulphate is 0.8 g; with this parameter the volume of filtered water reaches 16.80 ml / day.The use of effective coagulants allows displacement of sodium and potassium cations from the absorption complex and fundamentally improves its physical and chemical properties; this is clearly seen by the change of the filtration capacity of the considered sample. Phosphogypsum – a waste material of chemical industry of Ural chemical plants - is of the greatest interest. It can significantly improve the properties of the considered sample when transforming two waste materials (drill cuttings and phosphogypsum) to a neutral environmentally-friendly state.
Authors: Mien Van Tran, Dang Thi Thuy Hang, Kamarudin Hussin
Abstract: Reinforced concrete structures work in the marine environment are easily erroded by the environment, the most dangerous intrusion by chloride ions. Chloride ions from the environment penetrate into concrete layer and cause reinforcement corrosion. The high chloride binding capacity in concrete helps reducing the reinforcement corrosion. The chloride binding capacity in concrete is largely dependent on the cement type. This paper investigated the chloride binding capacity of various binary and ternary binders. Chloride contents in mortars prepared with various binary and tinery binders were determined by chemical titration methods combining with microstructure analysis SEM. The experimental results showed that the chloride binding capacity of tinery binders which contains Ordinary Portland cement (OPC), blast furnace slag mixed with silica fume is highest.
Authors: Pavel Mec, Jana Boháčová, Josef Koňařík
Abstract: Alkali activated systems are materials formed by alkali-activation of latent hydraulic or pozzolanic materials. The outcome is a polymeric structure with properties comparable to materials based on cement.The principle of the experiment is to compare selected properties of alkali-activated materials based on blast furnace slag and using various types of activator (sodium water glass, potassium water glass, DESIL AL and sodium metasilicate) to binders based on white and Portland cements of the highest quality. The samples were left for one year in environments simulating the conditions in the interior and exterior. Selected physical-mechanical properties were evaluated and compared.
Authors: Peng Fei Yu, Shu Zhong Wang
Abstract: At present, water-quenching process takes the leading role in steel industry. Apparently, this method not only consumes lots of water, but also has little waste heat recovered, as well as the atmosphere polluted on account of releasing H2S etc. Dry centrifugal granulation ( DCG ) process, as an environmentally friendly method with high-efficiency heat recovery, draws more attentions in recent years,which is the optimum process, with smaller slag particle size (about 2mm), more glassy phase and higher recovery rate. After a thorough comparative analysis of the various research, the problem presented in this mothed is of vital importance for commercialization.
Authors: T.V. Sviridova, O.B. Bobrova, E.A. Volkova
Abstract: The paper identifies the effect of temperature recovery on the iron slag output in the steel industry, the value of which is recommended to take in the range of 1600 – 1650 °C. Laboratory studies were carried out in an oven Tamman resistance. Studies have shown that an increase in the time delay interval in the molten slag 1300 – 1650 °C higher than the degree of metal removal. With the use of statistical processing dependences for determination of content of FeO content in the converter and open-hearth slag were received.
Authors: Reyna Sánchez-Ramírez, Manuela Diaz-Cruz, Sebastían Díaz de La Torre, Enrique Rocha-Rangel
Abstract: In this work, they were produced and characterized cementing composites made with blast furnace slag replacement, for their use in the construction of oil wells. To this, slurries were prepared with a replacement of 20 and 30% slag, as well as a slurry with 100 % slag and a slurry with 100% H-cement were prepared. Starting materials were characterized by chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction and Fourier Transformed Infra Red. Slurries also were activated with sodium silicate in order to study theirs hydration kinetics, driving by isothermal calorimetry. These studies were complemented by the preparation of specimens of 4 X 4 X 16 cm to which they determine its compressive and bending strength during 2 and 28 days of curing. From the results it can be concluded that it was obtained a product that can be effectively used in the construction of oil wells.
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