Papers by Keyword: Bridge Engineering

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Authors: Yi Shu Zhou, Jing Hong Liu
Abstract: Diaphragm is often used in box-girder bridge for controlling warping stress such those in midspan or transferring strong bearing reactions such those in ends of span. The results of a crack investigation of box-girder bridges showed that vertical cracks can be found on most diaphragms and formed in early stage of the concrete hardening. Temperature caused by hydration heat is an important factor for these cracking. Therefore temperature field prediction for the diaphragm is significant to prevent the concrete diaphragm cracking. In this paper, three-dimensional finite element analysis software ANSYS is used for simulating 3D temperature field of diaphragm of the concrete box girder bridge in all stages of construction. By calculating space temperature field of the diaphragm in different time hydration heat of the law is analyzed, combined with the measured temperature a comparative analysis to verify the validity of the temperature prediction method is conducted. The results show that simulation method is effective and accurate enough to predict the time-varying temperature field of the diaphragm.
947
Authors: Ben Yan Lu, Gang Wang
Abstract: Earthquake codes have been revised and updated in recent years. The issue and implementation of the guidelines for seismic design of bridges have attracted interests and attentions of many researchs at home and abroad. The most important aspect of the code rests on its main approach incorporating “performance-based seismic design”. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the differences caused by the use of guidelines for seismic design of highway bridges and Eurocode8 for bridges in performance criteria, seismic design categories, ground types, response spectrum, earthquake action and detailing of ductile piers. The differences in expressions and some important points for performance criteria, seismic design categories, ground types, response spectrum, earthquake action and detailing of ductile piers by codes are briefly illustrated in tables and figures. Based on the lessons learned from significant earthquakes in the last few years, the existing problems of the current code are pointed, and the trends of future study are discussed.
3108
Authors: Ling Luo, Bai Song Du, Hong Luo
Abstract: Based on the purpose of the bridge health monitoring, a new health monitoring system, including hardware and software part, is proposed for cable-stayed bridges in detail. The system is categorized as five sub-systems covering sensor system, data acquisition system, data analysis system, simulation analysis system, and warning system. Many monitoring parameters including environment wind, temperature field, humidity field, strain, deflection, cable forces, and traffic can be obtained by those five sub-systems. The purpose and monitoring content of each parameter are illustrated in the paper, and moreover, the method of the layout of the measuring points is put forward.
204
Authors: Ji Li Xu, Zi Lin Yi, Jing Jing Yang
Abstract: For external prestressing reinforcement technology, corresponding quality assessment system is established based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP). At the same time, the actual application process of the system was found. Structure of judgment matrix, synthetic weight and for each layer of element and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation was figured out. Finally, the system is verified by practical engineering. Something is obvious as the result shows. Firstly, the comprehensive assessment system for reinforcement quality of bridges is reasonable and practical. Secondly, this system takes some advantages to the systematization, standardization and theorization for the assessment to reinforcement quality of bridges.
1347
Authors: Guo Ming Li, Jie Rui, Bing Wang, Zong Ren Wang
Abstract: For reinforced concrete skein method to arch bridges, corresponding quality assessment system is established based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP). At the same time, the actual application process of the system was found. Structure of judging matrix, synthetic weight and for each layer of element and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation was figured out. Finally, the system is verified by practical engineering. Something is obvious as the result shows. Firstly, the comprehensive assessment system for reinforcement quality of bridges is reasonable and practical. Secondly, this system takes some advantages to the systematization, standardization and theorization for the assessment to reinforcement quality of bridges.
1341
Authors: Wen Da Zhang, Yang Jian Xiao, Jun Cheng
Abstract: For substructure reinforcement method, corresponding quality assessment system is established based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP). At the same time, the actual application process of the system was found. Structure of judgment matrix, synthetic weight and for each layer of element and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation was figured out. Finally, the system is verified by practical engineering. Something is obvious as the result shows. Firstly, the comprehensive assessment system for reinforcement quality of bridges is reasonable and practical. Secondly, this system takes some advantages to the systematization, standardization and theorization for the assessment to reinforcement quality of bridges.
1358
Authors: Meng Ying Liu, Bang Zhe Liu
Abstract: As the object to continuous girder bridges of movable formwork construction,for the same real bridge according to the new code and old code respectively establish finite element mode and for the corresponding calculation and checked, through the comparative analysis about construct materials, calculation conditions and the calculation results, etc,to discuss the difference of the design results between the new standard and the old standard, in order to accumulated useful experience about designing new bridge and reinforcing and reforming old bridge.
1311
Authors: Yuan Li, Shuan Hai He, Chao Wang, Shuai Luo
Abstract: Through the long-term deflection observation results and the measured data of effective pre-stress of Humen bridge before and after reinforcement, using three-phase bridge long-term deflection calculation method, compare the measured data and the calculation conditions in three kinds. Basing on the measure value of construction degradation, presenting the long-term deflection correction coefficient of long-term deflection to predict construction deflection. Analysis results show that the calculation model considering the construction degradation is more close to the practical situation. The long-term deflection calculation method based on the coefficient of correction can be used in the prediction calculation.
1055
Authors: Zhong San Li, Jun Qing Lei, Dong Huang Yan
Abstract: In order to improve the construction control precision of long-span hybrid girder cable-stayed bridge, the design parameters such as the weight of girder, the cable tensile force and the stiffness of cable are conducted sensitivity analysis through computing and comparing the influences of these parameters on the deflection of girders, the stress of girders and the cable force in the bridge's completion state. It was shown by the computation results that the main parameters of long-span hybrid girder cable-stayed bridge are the weight of girder and the cable tensile force, the stiffness of cable has a little influence on the completion state of the bridge. With this approach, through modifying the main parameters, while ignoring the influences of the secondary ones, the Jingyue Yangtze River Highway Bridge construction control has been successfully done. The test results show that the cable force and the contour of the bridge are in good state. They are both in the range of control, the relative error of the cable force is less than 3% and the elevation deviation is less than 5mm.
817
Authors: Ya Xun Yang
Abstract: According to the structure and construction features of prestressed concrete continuous rigid frame bridge, with reference to the principle of vibrational chord strain gauge to concrete, the vibrational chord strain gauges to concrete are used in the construction control of prestressed concrete continuous rigid frame bridge. This paper introduces the measurement techniques and methods for stress and strain of main girder of the bridge, analyses some infection factors of stress measuring and testing, and presents the error analysis methods of stress measuring and testing and calculation methods of true stress of structure. The techniques and analysis methods prove to be quite effective through the applications and provide background data for constructing safely of prestressed concrete continuous rigid frame bridge.
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