Papers by Keyword: COMSOL

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Authors: A. Priya Rathi, A. Vimala Juliet
Abstract: A three-dimensional microfluidic biosensor has been successfully designed using a low temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) technology. This microfluidic sensor consists of mixing, focusing and measuring region. The mixing region is a rectangular shaped channel, to enable the complete mixing of sample and buffered saline solution. An electrode pair in the focusing region uses negative dielectrophoretic forces to direct the cells from all directions of the channel towards the center. The measuring region consists of eleven pairs of gold plated electrodes to measure the change in impedance whenever a cell passes through it. The layout of the design is made using AUTOCAD tool and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. The results demonstrate the mixing efficiency of two fluids for different velocities.
2261
Authors: Ke Xu, Cheng Dong Wu, Xiao Jun Tian, Ying Zhang, Zai Li Dong
Abstract: Single-wall carbon nanotubes are candidates for a number of building blocks in nanoscale electronics. With respect to the assembly of carbon nanotube field effect transistor, the dielectrophoresis technology is adopted, which assembles SWCNTs between the micro-electrodes, SWCNTs are affected by the electrophoretic force which is carried out by the related theoretical analysis in a nonuniform electric field. The driving electric field of dielectrophoresis is simulated by the comsol software. According to the simulation results, a number of the experiments are done. It turns out that the required experimental parameters of the efficient assembly of SWCNT were obtained. AFM scanning and electrical properties of SWCNTs show that the method can achieve the effective assembly of carbon nanotube field effect transistor. SWCNTs are driven in the microelectrode gap, having a good arrangement of uniform orientation and assembly results, and proportional to the arrangement density along the electrode width direction and the duration of DEP. Meanwhile, it also provides an effective method of assembly and manufacture for other one-dimensional nanomaterials assembly of nanoelectronic devices.
1550
Authors: Jing Tong Cao, Feng Cui, Wei Chen, Zhao Xin Guo, Wen Yuan Chen, Xiao Sheng Wu, Wu Liu, Wei Ping Zhang
Abstract: This paper presents a new micromachined PCR chip with separable electrodes part and reaction chamber part. The electrodes part, employing Pt film resistor as heaters and sensors, is reusable, and the chamber part is a disposable PDMS-GLASS bonded structure. This PCR chip with reusable electrodes can largely reduce fabrication cost. COMSOL software is used to simulate the temperature distribution of the designed chip and then use infrared thermometer (NEC R300SR) to verify temperature distribution of the fabricated chip. The test results turned out to perfectly fit the simulation of temperature distribution, which provides reliable basis for further PCR amplification experiment.
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Authors: Petricca Luca, Ohlckers Per
Abstract: In this paper we will present the analytical modeling of two different microphone membranes (one square and one circular) fabricated using the MultiMEMS process at Sensonor in Norway. In particular we built up a mathematical model of the pressurebehavior inside the cavity, when an external pressure is applied. The time constant of the exponential solution, gave us the possibility to estimate the minimum working frequencies of these devices. We compared the results that we found with both the mechanical resonance estimates from FEM models and the initial measurements of the devices presented in [.
248
Authors: Da Wei Guo, Zheng Chao Xie, Wen Li Cheng
Abstract: On the basic of passive damping control, we do modeling and simulating in another approach to improve the vibration alleviating effect, the piezoelectric layer damping (PLD), which is called active control. The piezoelectric damping patches are under control of PID controller (matlab simulating) in voltage defference. Here, we use the software PRO/ENGINEER to design and model a wind turbine blade before using COMSOL to simulate the dynamic motion of the wind turbine blade and its interaction with aerodynamic force of wind in finite element method. Some different models are built-- the original turbine blade and the turbine blade with damping patches on different location and quantity. Then, according to the simulation results, we compare the effects of passive and active damping control, also the effect of patches locations and quantities under different wind speed. This research can provide a direction for future study about ways to decrease vibration of turbine blades.
169
Authors: Mukund A. Patil
Abstract: This paper presents the conceptual design of fuel injector based on giant magnetostrictive material, with displacement amplification mechanism. The permissible emission level EURO norms become stricter in case of fuel injection technology of modern combustion engine. The magnetic circuit of the magnetostrictive fuel injector is analyzed using finite element method. Based on the structure and working principle of our magnetostrictive fuel injector (MFI), the properties of driving magnetic field are researched.
66
Authors: A.K.M. Mohiuddin
Abstract: This paper shows the uses of low cost metal for the development of catalytic converters. While bringing down the cost, attention must be paid on the performance capability of the catalytic converter. The objective of this work is to develop and design a low cost catalytic converter using copper as the main catalyst in the catalyst system. Copper powder was chosen as the alternative catalyst to reduce the use of precious group metals (PGMs) platinum, palladium, and rhodium. A spark ignition engine’s catalytic converter has to perform the oxidation of CO, oxidation of HC and reduction of NOx simultaneously in order to satisfy its performance requirement. These three chemical reactions are taking place simultaneously in a three way catalytic converter. To investigate the chemical kinetics and fluid flow characteristics of a catalytic converter, simulations have been carried out using COMSOL. From COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS, catalytic converter’s velocity field and pressure distribution have been simulated. From COMSOL REACTION ENGINEERING LAB, NO and CO concentration from a catalytic converter kinetics model have been plotted. NO and CO conversion for different air to fuel ratio had shown that for rich mixture, NO reduction reaches its maximum but CO oxidation is at its minimum. In lean mixture, CO oxidation is at its maximum but NO reduction is at its minimum. Simulations have shown the actual characteristics of the catalytic converter performance. The flow throughout catalytic converter and the backpressure have successfully determined and the catalyst conversion efficiency also shown clearly.
462
Authors: Zulkurnain Abdul-Maleka, Amir Hesam Khavari, Nabipour Afrouzi Hadi, Saeed Vahabi-Mashak
Abstract: Various methods have been developed to monitor surge arrester condition and predict the probable interruption which can be caused by the failure of surge arresters. This paper aims to carry out experimental and simulation work to find the relationship between the aging level, arrester surface temperature and ambient temperature. COMSOL simulation software was used for the modeling of 120kV rated gapless ZnO surge arresters. It is observed from both the simulation analysis and experimental data that the leakage current and temperature increase as a consequence of an increase in the applied voltage across the arrester. The thermal profile of the ZnO surge arrester changes depending on the aging level and the ambient temperature. The surface temperature simulation results compare well with the experimental results, for the case of varying aging levels.
573
Authors: Zheng Ren, Lian Zhen Xiao, Wen Chong Shi
Abstract: A rapid chloride ion diffusion coefficient measurement (RCM) was used in this study. The influence of water-cement ratios of 0.30, 0.35 and 0.40 at various ages (3, 7, 14, 28 and 56 days) on chloride ion diffusion coefficient of the concretes and pastes was studied and analyzed. The results show that, with the increase of curing ages, the chloride ion diffusion coefficient of different water-cement ratio of each specimen is decreased. In the early age, the chloride ion diffusion coefficient of the paste with the water-cement ratio of 0.40 is 2~3 times of the paste with water-cement ratio of 0.30 and 0.35, and with the increase of curing age, this difference is gradually decreased. Additionally, the chloride ion diffusion coefficient of the cement paste is 1~2 times of the concrete with same water-cement ratio at different ages. Based on the actual experiment boundary conditions, the process of chloride ions diffusion and permeability was simulated by COMSOL software, and the simulation result was analyzed to predict the permeability of concrete.
547
Authors: Chun Hu Zhao
Abstract: In order to anlysis the rock deformation characteristics in influence of mining disturbances, water pressure and crustal stress, a multi-physics coupling model is created by Comsol4.2a in this paper. By debugging mining steps and water pressure, the model simulated rock stress and deformation characteristics.the results showed that: (1)the water pressure is fixed conditions, the plastic damage scope in stress concentration zone where was formed by mining disturbanceis were greater than the mining floor,and with an extension of the scope of mining, the scope of plastic failure zone in the rock surrounding which including the vertical and horizontal was increased; (2) Stope width is fixed conditions,with the water pressure increases, resulting in the surrounding rock mechanical strength decrease, and increase the scope of the plastic collapse and plastic damage within thefault zone intensified.
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