Papers by Keyword: Composite Material

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Authors: Virginia Martina, M. Federica de Riccardis, Daniela Carbone
Abstract: Poly(etherether-ketone) (PEEK) suspensions in ethanol and isopropanol containing also α-alumina and hydroxyapatite powders were studied. An innovative method was used in the study of the quality of suspensions. We studied suspensions by means of zeta potential and grain-size measurements. The comparison amongst the different suspensions was carried out by using statistical and chemometric tools, especially by the use of an explorative test based on the Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The chemometric analysis was performed by involving different combinations of each type of powder and each type of solvent.
Authors: Hong Liang Chen, Chang Sheng Zhu, Peng Ye
Abstract: Flywheels serve as kinetic energy storage and retrieval devices with the ability to deliver high output power at high rotational speeds as being one of the emerging energy storage technologies available today in various stages of development. This article analyzes the three-dimensional stress distribution of flywheel in Finite-element analysis. It is compared flywheel made of different material to meet the design of reasonable safety composite flywheel.
Authors: Kazunari Shinagawa, Y. Hirashima
Authors: Jing Jie Cong, Bo Ming Zhang, Jia Yu
Abstract: It is widely acknowledged that decisions made in the early design stages have a greater influence on the final product than those made in the later stages. In the early stages of a conventional design process, composite structures are designed without sufficient consideration being given to limitations of composite manufacturing process. Quite often some of composite designs cannot be produced with special performance requirement or cannot be produced at a reasonable cost. To resolve this drawback and achieve the manufacturable designs for composite product, a knowledge-based decision-making tool was introduced and applied to support the composite design optimization. Firstly, the current development of DFM techniques in composite domain, as well as the main problems in performing DFM for composites is analyzed. Secondly, some of key issues in the composite manufacturing process that should be considered during the composite design process are presented. And then, a knowledge-based DFM system for composite manufacturing process is proposed, focusing on the system decision task, the system framework and the flowchart. Finally, the system is illustrated with a case in autoclave process.
Authors: Makoto Imura, Tetsusei Kurashiki, Hiroaki Nakai, Masaru Zako
Abstract: Fiber reinforced composite materials have been applied widely to many structures, because they have some advantages like easy handling, high specific strength, etc. The numerical method like finite element method has been applied to design and to evaluate the material properties and behavior as the development of Computer Aided Engineering. It is very difficult to calculate with accuracy not only in structural scale but also in detail material scale (for example, the order of fiber diameter) by the traditional FEM, becausecompositematerials like woven fabric composites have the geometrical complexityand the large difference between above mentioned scales. The development of multi-scale analysis method is one of the major topics in computational mechanics. Mesh superpositionis one of multi-scale analysis methods and is an effective method to solve the problems which have the large difference between the structure scale and the reinforcement scale. We have expanded the finite element mesh superposition method with 3 scales and have defined as M3 (Macro-Meso-Micro) method. In this paper, we have proposed a new approach method combined with M3 method and homogenized method to obtain the mechanical properties and to simulate the behavior of woven fabric composites. In addition, the elastic-plastic mechanics and the damage mechanics have been introduced into M3 method to investigate the effects of matrix-crack on the structural and material properties. From the numerical results, it is revealed that it is very useful for the evaluation of mechanical properties of composite materials.
Authors: Emmanuel Lacoste, Sylvain Fréour, Frédéric Jacquemin
Abstract: The present work aims to investigate the validity of Eshelby-Kröner self-consistent model [1] for thermoelastic behaviour, in the case of a material reinforced by inclusions randomly oriented in the ply plane. The model provides predictive information on the properties and multi-scale mechanical states experienced by the material, accounting for its constituents properties, but also their morphology. However, it cannot reliably account for multiple inclusion morphologies (shape and orientation) in the material [2, 3, 4]. A study of the two applicable formulations and their limits leads to suggest a mixed formulation as an acceptable compromise between those alternatives. The results of this original approach are also described in the case of a thermo-mechanical load.
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