Papers by Keyword: Creep Deformation

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Authors: Yun Liang Tan, Ze Zhang
Abstract: In order to quest an effective approach for predicate the rheologic deformation of sandstone based on some experimental data, an improved approaching model of RBF neural network was set up. The results show, the training time of improved RBF neural network is only about 10 percent of that of the BP neural network; the improved RBF neural network has a high predicating accuracy, the average relative predication error is only 7.9%. It has a reference value for the similar rock mechanics problem.
Authors: Jung Min Seo, Han Yong Jeon, Beong Bok Hwang, Y.H. Lee, H.S. Koo
Abstract: This paper is concerned with the long-term performance of geo-textile (GT) composites in terms of creep deformation and frictional properties. Composites of PVA GT and HDPE GM were made to investigate the advanced properties of long-term performance related to waste landfill applications. The same experiments were also performed for typical polypropylene and polyester GT and compared to PVA GT/HDPE GM composites. The main purpose of this study is to develop high performance GT composites with GM by using PVA GT which is capable of improving frictional property and thus enhances long-term performance of GT composites. In the present experiments, GT composites of PVA GT/HDPE GM, PVA GT of 600, 1000, 1500, 2000g/m2 and HDPE GM were prepared in thermal bonding process. Polyester and polypropylene GT were also made in needle punching process. The creep deformation of GT composites was measured and evaluated in accordance with ASTM D5262. Frictional characteristics of GT composites tested in this study were conducted with compact direct shear apparatus in accordance with ASTM D5321. It was concluded from the present experimental study that friction coefficient of GT composites is relatively large compared with those of polyester and polypropylene non-woven GT as long as the friction media has similar size to the particles of domestic standard earth. In the event that 20% of the maximum tensile strength was added to polypropylene and polyester non-woven geo-textiles, creep deformation reached to 10% or higher, making it even impossible to find reduction factor.
Authors: Mao Yan Ma, Hua Cheng, Chuan Xin Rong
Abstract: Based on the theory of viscoelasticity and the principle of interaction between surrounding rock and structure in unload state, analytical solution of the stress field and displacement field of the frozen wall is obtained. Calculation results of the stress and displacement fields suggest that radial stress and displacement in the sidewall are very large within 15 days after pouring concrete of the outer shaft wall, which is proved by the fact that engineering incidents such as shaft wall rupture happen exactly at this time. The results also indicate that radial stress at different points in frozen wall all tend to the imposed loads on outer frozen wall finally, and that means the frozen wall is fluidized. This calculation theory can be used in the design of frozen wall in deep alluvium.
Authors: Xiao Bo Chen, Jian Yin, Wei Min Song
Abstract: Based on engineering practice, autogenous volume deformation and creep properties of C60 high performance concrete(C60 HPC) and C60 high strength concrete(C60 HSC) were evaluated in the study. The results showed that the cement partly-replaced with fly ash could significantly decrease the creep deformation, creep coefficient and creep degree. In comparison with C60 HSC, the creep coefficient and creep degree of C60 HPC were decreased 17.9%and15.8% in 28 days, 22.9% and 21.0% in 270 days. For C60 HPC and C60 HSC at the same age, autogenous volume deformation of C60 HPC is greater than that of C60 HSC, but they were both less than 80×10-6 , and the autogenous volume deformation was basically completed in 7 days.
Authors: Supamard Sujatanond, Yukio Miyashita, Shinji Hashimura, Yoshiharu Mutoh, Yuichi Otsuka
Abstract: The bolt load loss behavior of AZ91D magnesium alloy bolted joints with a conventional SCM435 steel bolt and an A5056 aluminum bolt was investigated at elevated temperature. The A5056 bolt could reduce the bolt load loss compared to the SCM435 bolt due to smaller mismatch of thermal expansion between the bolt material and the plates. The mismatch of thermal expansion between bolt material and AZ91D plates was found to induce the compressive creep deformation in the AZ91D plates which performed as the main mechanism of bolt load loss. At higher tightening stress, the bolt load loss could be intensified by additional plastic deformation in bolt occurred during the test. Moreover, it is suggested that the plastic deformation could be reduced by decreasing the friction condition in the bolted joint.
Authors: Yun Yun Dai
Abstract: Taziping Landslide is in the border of Ganluo County. Its a medium-sized landslide performed by two slip masses, an upper one and a lower one. Now its in the stage of creep deformation, which potentially threatens people's lives and property. This paper analyses landslide geology, characteristic and creeping formation mechanism of Taziping landslide. And then evaluate its stability by transfer coefficient method. Lastly put forward the comprehensive improvement scheme, retaining project as well as surface drainage.
Authors: Eisaku Sakurada, Takashi Matsuo
Abstract: The superiority of creep in Ti-48at%Al alloy with fully transformed lamellar structure to that in Ti-50at%Al alloy with γ single phase is characterized by the extension of transient stage. This extension of the transient stage derives by the retarding effect of α2 plate on the onset of the accelerating stage, through suppressing the dynamically recrystallization which is the main reason of the accelerating stage. This superiority in Ti-48at%Al alloy will become more clear by investigating the creep of the single crystal designated as the PST crystal, because of removing the grain boundaries which is the formation site of dynamic recrystallization. By using the PST crystal, the predominant deformation using primary slip plane of γ plate will continue, because the α2 plate restricts the operation of other slip planes. In PST crystals with the angle between the stress axis and the lamellar plates, designated as φ, less than 45°, the uniform deformation will proceed, because of the decrease in creep rate due to the decreasing in Schmid factor through the monotonous decrease in φ. But these suppositions have not confirmed. In this study, the deformation manner of the PST crystals with φ of less than 45° is investigated by the analyzing of creep curve, macrostructure and inverse pole figure of the PST crystals interrupted the creep tests at 1148K/68.6MPa at the strains of 0.20 and 0.65. Inverse pole figures of PST crystal are obtained using SEM-EBSD method. By accepting the creep deformation, the stress axes of the PST crystals move for [001]-[1, – 11] line with slip system of (111)<1, – 01>, and after reaching at this line, the stress axis turn to [1, – 11] pole position with (111)<1, – 10> slip system. The change in stress axis is not homogeneous in gauge portion accepting small strain, by subjecting the further creep deformation up to the onset of the accelerating stage, this heterogeneous deformation in gauge portion disappeared.
Authors: H. Sato, Y. Enomoto, K. Omote, S.I. Tanaka
Abstract: Creep behavior of solid solution alloys are reasonably explained by concepts of the “internal and effective stress of high temperature deformation”. The internal stress is considered to be brought by formation of dislocation substructures, and the dislocation structures should have caused long range stress filed in interior of materials. Thus, residual stresses should also be brought by the same origin. In this paper, measurements of the residual stresses after creep deformation by 2D-Xray method are attempt, and the stresses are compared with so-called the “internal stress of high temperature deformation” measured by strain-dip stress-transient test. Although, the stress tensor depends on the deformation condition, the relation with the applied stress show complex manner at a glance. The maximum principal stresses, however, show relatively smaller than the applied stress, and fairly agree with that measured by strain-dip stress-transient technique. Importance of further considerations of the origin of so-called internal stresses is suggested.
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