Papers by Keyword: Cytocompatibility

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Authors: You Tao Xie, Xue Bin Zheng, Chuan Xian Ding, Xuan Yong Liu, Yi Zeng, Soo Wohn Lee
Abstract: The in vitro attachment, spread, and proliferation behavior of osteoblast cells on the plasma-sprayed composite coating with 70wt% zirconia and 30wt% dicalcium silicate were studied. The composite coating shows good cytocompatibility. The human osteoblast cells attached, spread and proliferate well on the surface. The cytocompatibility of the coating was attributed to the incongruent dissolution of dicalcium silicate and the large amount of Si-OH functional groups produced on the surface. The released calcium and silicon ions are also positive to the proliferation of cells. All our results show that the composite coating possesses good cytocompatibility.
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Authors: Yi Kai Chen, Xue Bin Zheng, Baoe Li, You Tao Xie, Chuan Xian Ding, Soo Wohn Lee
Abstract: In this paper, antibacterial silver-containing hydroxyapatite coating was prepared by vacuum plasma spraying method and osteoblasts were seeded onto the surface of the coating to evaluate its cytocompatibility. The results indicated that the cells proliferated well on the samples, and the proliferation rate on the silver-containing hydroxyapatite coating was a little bit higher than that on the silver-free hydroxyapatite coating. The contact angle of water drop on the coating was measured, and it was found that the contact angles of the silver-containing hydroxyapatite coatings were smaller than the hydroxyapatite coating. The improvement of hydrophilicity for the silver-containing hydroxyapatite coating could be beneficial to the cells proliferation on its surface. It can be concluded that the addition of silver in the hydroxyapatite coating endowed the coating with antibacterial property while maintaining its excellent cytocompatibility.
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Authors: Hong Xin Wang, Zheng Xiang Xue, Mei Hong Wei, Deng Long Chen, Min Li
Abstract: As a new biomaterial, recombinant spider silk protein has attracted much attention in tissue engineering. The pNSR-16/ BL21(DE3)pLysS strains fermented and produced the recombinant spider silk protein, which was then cast into scaffolds. NIH-3T3 cells were cultivated with extractions of the scaffolds in vitro. The cytotoxicity of scaffolds was analyzed with a MTT assay. The performances of cells adhesion, growth and expression on the scaffolds were observed with SEM, HE staining and immunohistochemistry. Compared with the control, the extract fluid of materials culturing the NIH-3T3 cells was not apparently different. NIH-3T3 cells could adhere and grow on the scaffolds and secret FGF-2. The pNSR-16 recombinant spider silk protein scaffolds has satisfactory cytocompatibility and the scaffolds are ideal scaffold material for tissue engineering.
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Authors: Jia Long Chen, Quan Li Li, Jun Ying Chen, Nan Huang
Abstract: This study deals with improving the cytocompatibility of titanium by a coating with heparin(hep), collagen(col) and CD34 antibody. Collagen and heparin molecules were adsorbed onto a titanium surface using a layer-by-layer (LBL) self-assembly technique. The col/hep coating were formed by alternating deposition of negatively charged heparin and positively charged collagen based on electrostatic interactions. Finally the CD34 antibody was absorbed onto the surface of col/hep coating by electrostatic interactions. The chemical composition and surface topography were investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The fluorescence microscopy images proved that the CD34 antibody was existed on the surface of the col/hep coating. The SEM results and the MTT test results showed that, compared to the surface of col/hep coating and the surface of titanium, the CD34 surface had better endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) attachment and proliferation. The EPCs on the CD34 surface displayed the morphology of flat endothelium, and a confluent cell layer after cultured for 2d. This study suggested that this method maybe have good potential for surface modification of cardiovascular devices.
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Authors: Xuan Yong Liu, Lian Fu Deng, Chuan Xian Ding
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Authors: Jing Jing Du, Yi Zuo, Qin Zou, Yu Bao Li
Abstract: The glycerides of castor oil (GCO) were copolymerized with isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) to generate glyceride-based polyurethane (GCPU), meanwile blending with hydroxyapatite (HA) powder to fabricate porous composite scaffolds. The effect of HA content on mechanical properties of the resulting polymer scaffolds and the in vitro cell response of HA/GCPU scaffolds were investigated, by use of mechanical testing, FTIR, SEM and MTT assay. The results showed that the compressive strength increased with HA content, and the HA/GCPU scaffold with 40 wt% HA reached about 4.6 MPa, much higher than the scaffold without HA (only 605 kPa). The SEM observation, live-dead staining assay and MTT assay demonstrated the excellent biological properties of HA/GCPU scaffolds, which support cell adhesion and proliferation. This novel class of HA/GCPU porous scaffolds have prospect and advantage for bone repair and regeneration.
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Authors: P. Gill, N. Munroe, A. McGoron
Abstract: Recently, magnesium (Mg) alloys have inspired a significant amount of attention from researchers all over the world for implant applications due to their light weight, mechanical integrity and degradation behaviour. The major concerns with Mg implants are its rapid and non-uniform degradation, which can increase the risk of leached ions and can cause premature failure. In this study, Mg based alloys/metal matrix composites (MgZnCa/HA) were mechanically and electrochemically (anodized) surface treated. In-vitro corrosion tests revealed that the addition of hydroxyapatite (HA) and anodizing, stabilizes the corrosion process and lowers hydrogen evolution. Evidence of reduced degradation was provided by the presence of a relatively smooth surface morphology after corrosion. Furthermore, exposure of leached ions on osteoblast cells indicated good cytocompatibility.
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Authors: Aaron F. Cipriano, Christopher Miller, Hui Nan Liu
Abstract: Magnesium (Mg)-based alloys have attracted great interest as metallic biomaterials for orthopedic applications due to their biocompatibility, biodegradability, and mechanical properties that resemble those of cortical bone. However, the potential toxicity of alloying elements in commercially available Mg alloys makes it critical to engineer and screen new alloys specifically for biomedical applications. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the in vitrodegradation and cytocompatibility of two distinct Mg - Zinc (Zn) - Calcium (Ca) alloys (Mg-4%Zn-1%Ca and Mg-9%Zn-1%Ca, wt. %; abbreviated as ZCa41 and ZCa91, respectively) using a bonemarrow derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) model. Both Zn and Ca play critical roles in boneformation and growth, and have been shown to increase mechanical and corrosion properties of Mgalloys. BMSCs provide vertebrates the continuous supply of osteoblasts needed for bone remodelingand repair, and thus were selected to determine the effect of increasing Zn content on cell behavior.Surface microstructure and composition of the alloys were characterized before and after BMSC culture using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive X-rayspectroscopy (EDS). Thermanox® treated glass and plasma treated tissue culture polystyrene were used as a control and reference, respectively. Results indicated that the ZCa91 alloy improved BMSC adhesion as compared with ZCa41 alloy. The formation of high-aspect ratio needle-likefeatures on the surface of ZCa41 alloy after its degradation in cell culture media was speculated tocontribute to the lower cell adhesion. This study provided an early indication on cytocompatibility of Mg-Zn-Ca alloys for biomedical applications.
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Authors: Yuki Shirosaki, Kanji Tsuru, Satoshi Hayakawa, Akiyoshi Osaka, S. Takashima
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Authors: H.D. Cao, Yan Fei Tan, Xiao Yan Lin, Hong Song Fan, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: Glutaraldehyde was increasingly used to improve the stability of the collagen-based biomaterials as cross-linking. To investigate in vitro cytotoxicity of Hydroxyapatite/Collagen (HA/COL) composite with glutaraldehyde (GA) as cross-link reagent, which was abbreviated as cHA/COL, the mouse fibroblasts L929 cell was selected. The method of MTT colorimetric assay was adopted to evaluate the availability of cells. After cultured for 24h、 48h, the attachment and morphology of L929 cell on the surface of this material were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescent microscopy. MTT analysis indicated L929 cells cultured on cHA/COL had a perfect growth capacity. Cells proliferated well and cell colonization was observed on the materials by scanning electron microscopy and fluorescent microscopy. It demonstrated that cHA/COL composite exhibited good cytocompatibility and might be suitable as bone substitutes. The result provided the evidence for further animal experiment in vivo.
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