Papers by Keyword: Denture Base Resin

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Authors: Hua Li Huang, Dan Feng, Hai Huan Gong, Ai Yang Song, Song Zhu
Abstract: Heat-cured denture base resin is an important component in removable partial dentures and complete dentures, and has been widely used in the clinic. However, during long-term use, its appearance may be affected by varying degrees of color change, affecting the appearance and longevity of the dentures. In this study we examined the color changes and water absorption and solubility of dental base resins to investigate the color stability of four types of resin materials: New Century, Heraeus, Nissin and BASIS-HI. They were soaked in artificial saliva (as control), red wine, cola, coffee and tea separately at 37°C for 1, 4 or 12 weeks. Results are presented on which the color changes of dental base resin materials were associated with different denture base resins, soak solutions and storage times. We found that most of the dental resins became darker at prolonged immersion time. Heraeus resins showed more significant changes after soaking in red wine for 12 weeks, and its water absorption and solubility values were also greater than those of the other three types of resins. The color changes of New Century, Nissin and BASIS-HI soaked in the four solutions were relatively stable. The information obtained here will help optimize maintenance of dentures and also inform choice of denture materials.
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Authors: T. Nejatian, A. Johnson, R. Van Noort
Abstract: The fracture resistance of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) the most popular denture base materials, is not satisfactory. The aim of this study is to improve the mechanical properties of PMMA by adding filler particles. Different inorganic filler particles including micronised glass flakes, acryl silane micronised, glass flakes 350nm, TiO2 and ZrO2 with different ratios by weight were incorporated into heat-cure plain PMMA and processed with optimal condition [2.5:1 Powder/ monomer ratio, conventional packing method and water bath curing for 2 hours at 95°C] to produce 12mm diameter and 2mm thick discs. Plain PMMA without additives was prepared as a test control. Three types of mechanical tests, biaxial flexure, microindentation fracture toughness and Vickers hardness were carried out on the samples. It was found that incorporating the particles did not improve the biaxial flexural strength of the resin. However, TiO2, ZrO2 and micronised glass flakes increased the fracture toughness of the resin. The hardness of PMMA was improved by the incorporation of all the particles.
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