Papers by Keyword: Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC)

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Authors: Yu Hua Dai, Xiao Lei Sun, Jing Lian Wang, Ming Shan Yang
Abstract: A series of copolymers P(VP-HEMA) composed of hydroxyl ethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and 4-vinyl pyridine (VP) were prepared by a solution copolymerization technique. Based on the copolymer P(VP-HEMA) prepared by the content of VP 50%, the amount of AIBN 3% and the optimized liquid electrolyte, a polymer solution electrolyte with concentration of 9.0% was formed. By addition of 1,4-dibromobutane into the solution, the copolymer gel electrolyte with higher conductivity 6.14mS/cm was prepared. Gelation is caused by the quaterisation between the group of pyridine in P(HEMA-VP) and 1,4-dibromobutane. Based on the copolymer gel electrolyte, a dye-sensitized solar cell was fabricated with short-circuit current of 13.62mA/cm2,open circuit voltage of 0.72V, fill factor of 0.5465 and an overall conversion efficiency of 5.24% under irradiation 100mW/cm2 (AM1.5).
Authors: Ai Serizawa, Shoichi Hirosawa, Tatsuo Sato
Abstract: The formation of nano-scale clusters (nanoclusters) prior to the precipitation of the strengthening β" phase significantly influences the two-step aging behavior of Al-Mg-Si alloys. In this work, two types of nanoclusters are found to be formed at different temperatures. The characterization of these two nanoclusters has been performed from the viewpoints of composition and thermal stability using a three-dimensional atom probe (3DAP) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Mg-Si co-clusters formed at room temperature (RT), Cluster(1), play a deleterious role in the subsequent formation of the β" phase because of the high thermal stability even at the bake-hardening (BH) temperature of 443K. In contrast, the nanoclusters formed by pre-aging at 373K, Cluster(2), are effective in the formation of the refined β", suggesting that Cluster(2) transforms more easily into the β" phase than Cluster(1). The quantitative estimation of the chemical compositions of the two nanoclusters suggests that the Mg/Si ratio is one of the key factors in addition to the internal structures consisting of Si, Mg and probably vacancies. The detailed two-step aging mechanism in Al-Mg-Si alloys is proposed based on the characteristics of the two types of nanoclusters.
Authors: Rukkiat Jitchati, Yuranan Thathong, Kittiya Wongkhan
Abstract: Dye-sensitized Solar Cells (DSCs) Have Received Widespread Attention Owing to their Low Cost, Easy Fabrication, and Relatively High Solar-to-electricity Conversion Efficiency. Based on the Tio2 Electrode, Ruthenium Complex Dye, Liquid Electrolyte, and Pt Counter Electrode, Dscs Have Already Exhibited an Efficiency above 11% and Offer an Appealing Alternative to Conventional Solar Cells. however, until now the Commercial and Well Known Standard Dye Is the Ruthenium Complex, Namely, Cis-bis(isothiocyanato)-bis(2,2'-bipyridyl-4,4'dicarboxylato)ruthenium(II) (N3) which Has Been Widely Used around the Word. in this Article, N3 Standard Dye Was Synthesized and Characterized by Two Synthetic Routes: Grätzel’s Protocol and a One-pot Reaction from Cheap and Easily Prepared Starting Materials.
Authors: Ji Yong Yao, D.A. Graham, Malcolm J. Couper
Authors: Li Hong Han, Henry Hu, Derek O. Northwood, X. Nie
Abstract: Dissolution of secondary phases during thermal treatment in cast magnesium alloys influences their engineering properties. In this study, a kinetic model based on a Kissinger-type method has been developed for describing dissolution of secondary phases in the high pressure die cast magnesium alloy AM50 during a thermally activated heating process. Also, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was effectively used for investigating the dissolution kinetics of secondary phases in the AM50 alloy. By fitting a kinetic model to the DSC results, the activation energy of the dissolution of the secondary phases can be determined. In parallel, the microstructure of the alloy was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It was found that the distribution of secondary phases and the concentration of alloying elements both at the grain boundaries and in the grains play an important role in the solid-state transformation kinetics of die cast magnesium alloy AM50.
Authors: Han Min Tian, Ai Hua Chen, Rui Xia Yang, Wen Feng Duan, Feng Lan Tian
Abstract: The way to determine the optimal solids content of TiO2 in DSSC working electrode was discussed. As a mathematical proof of the optimal conclusion extracting from the complex working mechanism of DSSCs and accidental factors, the equivalent circuit parameters of each curve are estimated corresponds to the equivalent circuit method first. And then, the trends in each parameter are analyzed. According to these trends, the optimal solids content of TiO2 are optimal identified
Authors: Gui Qiang Wang, Wei Xing, Shu Ping Zhuo
Abstract: Hierarchical porous carbons (HPC) were synthesized by a combination of self-assembly and chemical activation method. A mesoporous carbon with large-size pore was used as raw materials. N2 sorption measurement indicated that plenty of micropores generated within the mesopore wall in the mesoporous carbon during KOH activation. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurement demonstrated a high electrocatalytic activity of HPC electrode for triiodide reduction. The overall conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells with HPC counter electrode was 6.48%, which is similar to that of the device with conventional Pt counter electrode.
Authors: Yu Hua Dai, Xiao Lei Sun, Qiu Fei Shi, Ming Shan Yang
Abstract: A series of copolymers P(MMA-NVP) composed of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and N-vinyl pyrrolidone (NVP) were prepared by a solution copolymerization technique. The copolymer could absorb and capture amount of liquid electrolyte within its chain networks structure to form quasi-solid-state electrolyte. The influences of synthesis conditions for copolymers, such as the content of NVP, the amount of initiator 2,2’-azobisisobutyronitrile(AIBN), and the amount of crosslinking agent triethylene glycol dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) on the ionic conductivity of quasi-solid electrolyte were investigated. The highest conductivity of the copolymer gel was 2.17mS/cm at 25°C. Based on the copolymer gel electrolyte, a dye-sensitized solar cell was fabricated with short-circuit current of 12.16mA/ cm2, open circuit voltage of 619mV, fill factor of 0.4633 and an overall conversion efficiency of 3.05 % under 100 mW/cm2 irradiation (AM1.5).
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