Papers by Keyword: Electro-Deposition

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Authors: Fuminori Saito, N. Suzuki, J.H. Kim, Long Wei, Yoshiko Itoh, Akira Goto, Toshikazu Kurihara, Yasuyuki Nagashima, Takeo Hyodo
679
Authors: Ling Bin Kong, Rui Juan Bai, Yong Chun Luo, Long Kang
Abstract: Nanostructured ε-manganese dioxide films are deposited directly on three-dimensional nickel foam (NF) from 0.25 M Mn(CH3COO)2 by means of the potentiostatic method (PSM) and potentiodynamic method (PDM). The prepared MnO2 films are characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties of MnO2 films are investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), charge-discharge tests, and alternating current (AC) impedance spectroscopy. The results show that the PSM-MnO2 films exhibit higher specific capacitance and better high-rate discharge ability, which are more promising for applications in supercapacitor than PDM-MnO2 films. The specific capacitance of PSM-MnO2 films is about 664 F g-1 at 5.5 A g-1, which is higher than many reported values.
501
Authors: Ning Wang, Jing Wang, Fu Wei Zheng, Yu Min Wu, Bao Rong Hou
Abstract: This paper compares the microstructure and electrochemical properties of the diamond-like carbon films obtained by two different deposition methods - microwave electron cyclotron resonance plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (MWECR-PECVD) techniques and electro-deposition – chosen for their low cost and capacity to produce films. The microstructure of the DLC films are investigated by Raman spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, and electrochemical behavior is investigated by potentiodynamic and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Raman spectroscopy indicates that all the films deposited by different techniques show amorphous structure and typical characteristic of DLC film. FTIR spectrum results indicate that these DLC films are a-C:H films. As a result of EIS, the DLC films made by different methods showed obviously different electrochemical characters. The obtained results show that the DLC films deposited using the PECVD methods provided the better results, presenting a high corrosion resistance , high adherence to substrate, and a denser and more uniform surface.
1029
Authors: Wei Wei, Yi Liu, Qi Jin Wan, Nian Jun Yang
Abstract: The Palladium-copper nanoparticles (PdCu NPs) have been prepared by potentiostatic electrodeposition from a mixture electrolyte of H2PdCl4 and CuSO4,then placed the electrode in sulfuric acid using cyclic voltammetry sweep a few laps to fabricate the PdCu NPs/glass carbon electrode (Pd-Cu/GCE). The modified electrode electrochemical properties of a preliminary study found that this modified electrode has good stability and electrochemical activity, experiments show that formic aicd has good voltammetric response of the electrode. The electrical activity of the formic acid in the Pd/GCE is lower than that in the Pd-Cu/GCE, this is due to the synergistic effect of the bimetal. When the Cu content is increased gradually in H2PdCl4 and CuSO4 a mixed solution, the formic acid oxidation peak currentlower, because Cu has no electrocatalytic activity for formic acid oxidation.
264
Authors: Seong Ho Son, Do Won Chung, Dae Chol Kwon, Hong Kee Lee
Abstract: The thin film resistors such as Ni-Cr alloy could be formed by the electrodeposition method for embedded passive device in printed circuit board. A kinetic study on the electrodeposition of nickel-chromium alloy on copper has been performed using a rotating disk geometry. Activation energies of nickel and chromium in the temperature range between 15°C and 35°C were 8.9kcal/mole and 3.5kcal/mole, respectively. The electrodeposition rate of nickel seems to be controlled partly by electrochemical reaction and partly by mass transport, namely mixed controlled. However, that of chromium seems to be controlled by mass transport. As the amount of chromium in deposit increased, the electric resistance of deposit surface increased. The maximum electric resistance of nickel-chromium alloy deposit was 78.6Ω /□.
754
Authors: A.R. Saatchi, E. Ghanbari, A. Saatchi, K. Raeissi, H. Tavanai, S. Mirza Khanlouei
Abstract: Electrospinning is a straightforward and low cost method for producing carbon nanofiber (CNF) webs that have interrelated pores with high surface area. The process begins with electrospinning of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) on a Cu target collector. In current production methods, the PAN nanofiber web is taken off from the collector. But in order to omit extra stages of taking off the web from a conductive collector and later putting it back on, we will try to keep the web remained on the Cu collector plate through the carbonizing heat treatment and the electrodeposition, to later use the plate as the current collector of a LIB anode. This facilitates the handling of CNFs throughout the entire process that is now much more suitable for commercialization. This unique structure is very suitable for anode materials (AMs) of Lithium Ion Batteries (LIBs). It improves the kinetics of charge/discharge cycles by reducing lithium transport paths, and creates more stable electrochemical performance by providing space for volume expansions of lithium insertions in charging cycles. CNF webs can be used as AMs, demonstrating these advantages over conventional carbonaceous materials that have long been used as the preferred choice-in spite of having a comparatively low theoretical capacity. In this study we use the CNF web as a template for electrodepositing Sn-Sb alloy, to create the mentioned structural characteristics in a coated layer of an alloy with a higher capacity. The resulting composite is shown to have a higher capacity than the substrate CNF and a good cycling performance.
1023
Authors: Xiu Ying Yang, Xiao Peng, Fu Hui Wang
Abstract: A novel Ni-3Cr-10Al nanocomposite (wt.% ) was fabricated by co-electrodeposition of Ni matrix with Cr and Al nanoparticles. Oxidation in air at 900 oC showed that the Ni-3Cr-10Al nanocomposite compared with the alloy showed good oxidation behavior due to the selective oxidation of Al favored by its unique structure.
137
Authors: Yi Liu, Bei Bei Li, Wei Wei, Qi Jin Wan, Nian Jun Yang
Abstract: Gold-palladium nanoparticles (AuPd NPs) were prepared on a layer of graphene (GR) film by potentiostatic electrodeposition from a mixture electrolyte of HAuCl4 and H2PdCl4 to fabricate the AuPd NPs/graphene/glass carbon electrode (AuPd/GR/GCE). The synthesized composite has been characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Electrocatalytic oxidation of hydrazine on the surface of modified electrode was investigated with cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry methods, the results showed that the AuPd NPs high catalysis for the electrochemical oxidation of hydrazine and the excellent conductivity of graphene. Electrocatalytic activity of the modified electrode was investigated for the oxidation of hydrazine in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solutions (pH=6.0). Under the optimized conditions, the oxidation current of hydrazine was linear to its concentration in the range of 2185 μM, and the estimated detection limit was 0.2 μM (S/N =3).
246
Authors: Fa Feng Xia, Chun Hua Ma, Yi Fang Yin, Liang Miao
Abstract: Nanocomposite Ni–TiN coatings were prepared by ultrasonic pluse electrodeposition and the effects of ultrasonication on the coatings were studied. X-Ray diffraction analysis was utilized to detect the crystalline and amorphous characteristics of the composite coatings. The surface morphology and metallurgical structure were observed by scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and scanning probe microscopy. The results show that ultrasonication has great effects on TiN nanoparticles in composite coatings. Moreover, the introduction of ultrasonication and TiN particles led to the formation of smaller nickel grains. The average grain diameter of TiN particles was 33 nm, while Ni grains measured approximately 53 nm.
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