Papers by Keyword: Energy Dispersive X-Ray (EDX) Analysis

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Authors: Yoshimi Watanabe, Shin Oike, Ick Soo Kim
Abstract: The purpose of the present work is to study the formation of the compositional gradient during the fabrication of FGMs by a centrifugal in-situ method. Al-Al2Cu FGMs were fabricated by the centrifugal in-situ method using eutectic Al-33mass%Cu alloy, and the microstructures of fabricated FGMs were studied. It was found that the Al-Al2Cu FGMs could be fabricated by the centrifugal in-situ method from eutectic alloy. Based on the experimental results, the formation mechanism of the compositional gradient during the fabrication of FGM by the centrifugal in-situ method in the A-B alloy could be summarized as follows; 1) Partial separation of A and B elements in the liquid state occurs due to the density difference. 2) A compositional gradient is formed before the crystallization of the primary crystal. 3) The primary crystals in the matrix appear to depend on local chemical composition. 4) The primary crystals migrate according to density difference, and a further compositional gradient is formed.
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Authors: Lenka Hurtalová, Eva Tillová, Mária Chalupová, Jaroslaw Piątkowski
Abstract: Production of primary Al- alloys belong to heavy source fouling of life environs. Care of environment in industry of aluminium connects with the decreasing consumptions resource as energy, materials, water and soil, with increase recycling and extension life of products. Recycled (secondary) aluminium alloys are made out of Al-scrap and workable Al-garbage by recycling. Applications of these alloys in recent years increase especially in automotive industry (dynamic exposed cast, engine parts, cylinder heads, pistons and so on). Controlling the microstructure of secondary aluminium cast alloy is very important, because these alloy containing more of additions elements, that forming various intermetallic phases in the structure. Improved mechanical properties of secondary alloys are strongly dependent upon the morphologies, type and distribution of the second phases, which are in turn a function of alloy composition and cooling rate. The presence of additional elements as Mg, Mn, Fe or Cu allows many complex intermetallic phases to form, which make characterization non-trivial. A combination of different analytical techniques (light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) upon deep etching and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX)) were therefore been used for the various phases identification.
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