Papers by Keyword: Eutectic Cell

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Authors: Vasilios Fourlakidis, Vasile Lucian Diaconu, Attila Diószegi
Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of different carbon contents and cooling rates on gray iron tensile properties as well on the formation of different microstructure features. Four heats with increasing amount of carbon were cast. Every heat constituted of three cylinders, each of them surrounded by different materials which provided a wide range of solidification rates. The casting specimens were subjected to tensile test measurements and to microstructure examination. The results indicate a clear correlation between cooling rates, ultimate tensile strength (UTS), carbon content and eutectic cell size. Microscopic analysis shows also a relation between the primary phase’s fraction and the number of the eutectic cells.
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Authors: U. Hecht, Victor T. Witusiewicz, A. Drevermann, B. Böttger, S. Rex
Abstract: Coupled, regular eutectic growth of α(Al) and Al2Cu from ternary Al-Cu-Ag liquid alloys is investigated with focus on the formation and the characteristics of eutectic cells in unidirectionally solidified, polycrystalline, bulk samples. The topologic anisotropy of the lamellar eutectic leads to destabilization along the lamellae with elongated cells being intermediate to stable cells, irrespective of the crystallographic orientation of the phases. The formation of stable cellular patterns with elongated or regular cell structure is explained with reference to the crystal orientation of the phases α(Al) and Al2Cu, measured by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).
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Authors: Attila Diószegi, Vasilios Fourlakidis, Ingvar L. Svensson
Abstract: The fracture mechanism of gray cast iron was investigated on tension loaded samples produced under different conditions. The parameters studied included the graphite morphology, the carbon content, the inoculation and the cooling condition. The observations made reveal the role of the microstructure on crack propagation. The cracks were found to always propagate parallel with the graphite flakes. The interaction between the metallic matrix precipitated as primary austenite and graphite has been interpreted by a simplified model of the austenite reinforced eutectic cell. The geometrical transcription gave a standard crack component configuration with known mathematical solution. The microstructure observed in the experiments has been analysed by means of a novel interpretation. The fictitious stress intensity at yield and the fictitious maximum stress intensity at failure are strongly related to the relative shape of the eutectic cell and the fraction primary austenite. A different slope is observed for the material cooled at high rate when the precipitation of primary carbide reduces the stress intensity. The observed relations indicate that the tensile strength of the grey cast iron is the result of the collaboration between the toughness of the metallic matrix precipitated as primary austenite and the brittleness of the graphite phase. The shape and distribution of the primary austenite and graphite can be influenced by chemical composition, by inoculation or by the cooling condition, but they will maintain equilibrium with respect to the stress intensity.
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Authors: Lennart Elmquist, Attila Diószegi, Peter Svidró
Abstract: The solidification of gray cast iron starts with the precipitation of primary austenite. This phase nucleates either as columnar or equiaxed dendrites depending on whether nucleation occurs on the mould wall or on particles and impurities in the melt. In this work, the nucleation of primary austenite and its influence on the eutectic solidification has been investigated using different amounts of iron powder as inoculants. Besides, the influence of different cooling rates was also examined. Within each austenite grain there is a microstructure, and this microstructure was investigated using a color etching technique to reveal the eutectic cells and the dendritic network. It is shown how the cooling rate affects the dendritic network and the secondary dendrite arm spacing, and how the microstructure can be related to the macrostructure through dendrite arm spacing. The secondary dendrite arm spacing is a quantification of the primary austenite belonging to the primary solidification, and it will be shown how the eutectic cell size is related to the secondary dendrite arm spacing. The total amount of oxygen influences the microstructural dimensions. This effect, on the other hand, is influenced by the cooling rate. The number of eutectic cells versus eutectic cell size show two distinct behaviors depending on whether being inoculated with iron powder or a mixture of iron powder and commercial inoculant. The addition of a commercial inoculant decreases eutectic cell size and increases the number of cells, while iron powder almost only changes cell size.
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Authors: Irina Anton, Iulian Riposan
Abstract: The structural characteristics of electric melt, as-cast grey irons were studied in critical solidification conditions, such as very low sulphur content (< 0.025%) and a low (%Mn) x (%S) control parameter (< 0.015) with low Al residual (< 0.002%), without resulphurising or preconditioning. The efficiency of Ce-Ca-Al-FeSi alloy was tested at lower addition rates (0.15-0.25wt.%), as traditionally high inoculant addition rates have been employed in low sulphur grey cast irons. Ce bearing ferrosilicon with similar Ca and Al levels appears to be more efficient than a commercial Ba-Ca-Al-FeSi inoculant, especially at low addition rates (< 0.2wt.%) for the key structure parameters: fewer carbides and less undercooled graphite with small eutectic cells at a higher count.
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